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date: 10 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter begins by considering the manner in which the New Testament texts present Christ, showing that these texts describe him as fully human and yet also prefigure the later Christological tradition by according him divine status. The chapter then considers the development of Christology in the early centuries of the Church, focusing eventually on the key definitions of the first ecumenical councils. A discussion of Thomas Aquinas’s appropriation and articulation of this conciliar tradition is followed by treatment of some key issues that have been in debate over recent decades. These modern issues include questions about how we should envisage Jesus as a human person and the question of Jesus’ status as unique saviour within the context of religious pluralism.

Keywords: Jesus Christ, Chalcedon, Christology, New Testament, Aquinas, person, salvation

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