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date: 17 June 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter charts the history of the Roman Catholic Church’s relations with the various Orthodox Churches of the Christian East. It examines examples of communion or unity among these churches, as well as formal breaks in communion or schisms, and attempts at ecclesial reunion and ecumenical dialogue. Mention is made of the early roots of modern Orthodox ecumenism, along with the complementarities and differences between Catholicism and Orthodoxy. It also analyses the impact of the Second Vatican Council called by Pope John XXIII on Catholic–Orthodox relations. The chapter concludes with an assessment of the current state of Orthodox–Catholic ecumenical dialogue, paying attention to areas of doctrinal complementarity and convergence as well as possible avenues for fruitful dialogue.

Keywords: Catholicism, Orthodoxy, Second Vatican Council, communion, schisms, ecumenical dialogue, ecumenism

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