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date: 21 May 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter charts the history of the Catholic Church’s personalism and its major representatives up to John Paul II. It examines the deep origins of personalism and discusses the theological controversies of the early Church as the ultimate source and the revolutionary philosophy of Immanuel Kant as the proximate source of personalism. It examines movements in European philosophy that prepared the ground for the rise of personalism, including ‘dialogical’ thought and phenomenology, along with the various European schools of personalism. Finally, it outlines the central ideas of personalist philosophy, especially its attempt to think through the various realities of human being, and indeed of reality in general, in light of the radically unique character of personal existence, as well as those aspects of human being linked to personhood ranging from relationality and community to the significance of gender, sexuality, and the mystery of love.

Keywords: Catholic Church, personalism, John Paul II, philosophy, Immanuel Kant, dialogical thought, phenomenology, European schools of personalism, human being, personhood

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