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date: 05 June 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter considers two fundamental points of reference in modern accounts of how Christian doctrine may be said to develop. First, the chapter considers the arguments of the members of the Tübingen school, with a particular focus on Johann Sebastian Drey (1777–1853) and Johann Adam Möhler (1796–1838). The second half of the chapter focuses on the work of St John Henry Cardinal Newman (1801–90). Although the degree to which Newman knew his Tübingen predecessors is hotly debated, there was a deep affinity between their approaches. The chapter considers the achievement of Newman’s An Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine against the background of his corpus as a whole.

Keywords: Newman, doctrine, doctrinal development, history, ecclesiology, modernity, evolution

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