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date: 09 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter locates those known as ‘trasncendental Thomists’ against the broad background, first, of the revival of Thomism in the late nineteenth century and, second, of debates concerning the relationship between faith and reason in Catholic circles since the late eighteenth century. The chapter then explores how Pierre Rousselot and Joseph Maréchal sought to bring Kant’s discussion of the intellect’s dynamism into conversation with Thomas’s philosophy. Karl Rahner was influenced by Maréchal’s work, but developed a far more comprehensive theological project. Lonergan’s own transcendental project focused on a dynamic vision of human knowing and thinking, trying to adapt Thomist thought to a more historicist philosophical context. These two theologians continue to offer great promise for the future of Catholic theology.

Keywords: Thomism, Pierre Rousselot, Joseph Maréchal, Karl Rahner, Bernard Lonergan, Immanuel Kant, anthropology, intellect, history

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