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date: 15 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article discusses the emergence of parties and party systems. It summarizes the two main competing explanations of party systems, which are the neo-institutionalist research agenda and the historical-sociological literature. It then evaluates their strengths and limitations. The last two sections are focused on a new method of restructuring the way people think about how parties emerged. This method eventually integrates both approaches within a broad analytical framework.

Keywords: parties, party systems, neo-institutionalist research agenda, historical-sociological literature, analytical framework, strengths, limitations

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