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date: 24 June 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The Renaissance in Scotland was an amalgamation of influences, both foreign and domestic, some of which originated in Italy whilst others were rooted in northern Europe. One important influence was the impact of humanism. It is difficult to identify precisely when the first stirrings of the Renaissance were felt in Scotland, but if notions of historical self-awareness and individualistic self-fashioning are significant, then arguably the roots may be traced to the personal rule of James I (r.1406–1437). As a woman, Mary, Queen of Scots could not fully participate in a revival of the cult of chivalry during her brief adult reign, but as dowager Queen of France she was wealthy enough to afford grand court entertainments, spectacles, and rituals to promote a message of national reconciliation and royal revival. This article deals with the Scottish Renaissance, the Reformation of 1560, and the rise of Protestantism from 1567–1625.

Keywords: Renaissance, Scotland, humanism, Italy, Europe, self-awareness, James I, chivalry, Reformation, Protestantism

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