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date: 24 June 2021

Abstract and Keywords

From its very inception, Scottish Jacobitism was an intrinsically international phenomenon. At its core lay a network of supporters at home who plotted and planned for the great day, but these men and women were always connected to an exterior network of overseas exiles who lobbied foreign governments and smuggled arms, money, and propaganda into Scotland to promote the cause. Religion was far from being the sole motivation for Scottish Jacobites. At least equally important in many cases was the conviction after 1707 that the Stuarts' cause was Scotland's cause. Despite the very real ideological division between Jacobites and Whigs, the former never separated from the rest of Scottish society. Long before there was Jacobitism, there was a Scottish diaspora in Europe. In terms of European power politics, the Scottish Jacobites in many respects began as just one of a number of ethnic, patriotic movements resisting the imperial drive of the European great powers.

Keywords: Jacobitism, Scotland, religion, Stuarts, Whigs, Scottish diaspora, Europe, great powers, politics, patriotic movements

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