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date: 22 June 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The period between the Restoration of Charles II and the creation of the United Kingdom was a crucial phase in the formation of modern Scotland's political and religious cultures. The five decades after 1660 engaged the nation's rulers and thinkers in a search for answers to a number of intertwined questions. How, and from where, would Scotland be governed? What sort of monarchy should the nation have, and what other institutions were necessary? What would be the character of the national Church, and how could the rival claims of religious and political authority be reconciled? How could religious diversity – and ultimately a plurality of Churches – be accommodated within a stable society? This article examines Scottish politics and religion during the Restoration period (1660–1688), looking at the changes brought by the Revolution of 1688–1690 and the character of post-Revolution Scotland. It argues that there are good reasons for seeing the ‘Union settlement’ as a more decisive set of changes than those of 1688–1690.

Keywords: Scotland, politics, religion, Restoration, Charles II, political authority, Union settlement, monarchy, religious diversity, Revolution

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