- Introduction: The Study of Modern Scottish History
- Land and Sea: The Environment
- The Demographic Factor
- Mythical Scotland
- Religion and Society to c.1900
- The Literary Tradition
- The Clearances and the Transformation of the Scottish Countryside
- A Global Diaspora
- The Renaissance
- Reformed and Godly Scotland?
- The ‘Rise’ of the State?
- Reappraising the Early Modern Economy, 1500–1650
- Scotland restored and reshaped: Politics and Religion, c.1660–1712
- The Early Modern Family
- The Seventeenth-Century Irish Connection
- New Perspectives on Pre-union Scotland
- Migrant Destinations, 1500–1750
- Union Historiographies
- Scottish Jacobitism in its International Context
- The Rise (and fall?) of the Scottish Enlightenment
- The Barbarous North? Criminality in Early Modern Scotland
- Industrialization and the Scottish People
- Scotland and the Eighteenth-Century Empire
- The Challenge of Radicalism to 1832
- The Scottish Cities
- Identity within the Union State, 1800–1900
- The Scottish Diaspora since 1815
- The Impact of the Victorian Empire
- The Great War
- The Interwar Crisis: The Failure of Extremism
- The Religious Factor
- Gender and Nationhood in Modern Scottish Historiography
- The Stateless Nation and the British State since 1918
- Challenging the Union
- A New Scotland? The Economy
- A New Scotland? Society and Culture
Abstract and Keywords
The period between the Restoration of Charles II and the creation of the United Kingdom was a crucial phase in the formation of modern Scotland's political and religious cultures. The five decades after 1660 engaged the nation's rulers and thinkers in a search for answers to a number of intertwined questions. How, and from where, would Scotland be governed? What sort of monarchy should the nation have, and what other institutions were necessary? What would be the character of the national Church, and how could the rival claims of religious and political authority be reconciled? How could religious diversity – and ultimately a plurality of Churches – be accommodated within a stable society? This article examines Scottish politics and religion during the Restoration period (1660–1688), looking at the changes brought by the Revolution of 1688–1690 and the character of post-Revolution Scotland. It argues that there are good reasons for seeing the ‘Union settlement’ as a more decisive set of changes than those of 1688–1690.
Dr Alasdair Raffe, Lecturer in History, Northumbria University, University of Edinburgh
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