- Introduction: The Study of Modern Scottish History
- Land and Sea: The Environment
- The Demographic Factor
- Mythical Scotland
- Religion and Society to <i>c</i>.1900
- The Literary Tradition
- The Clearances and the Transformation of the Scottish Countryside
- A Global Diaspora
- The Renaissance
- Reformed and Godly Scotland?
- The ‘Rise’ of the State?
- Reappraising the Early Modern Economy, 1500–1650
- Scotland restored and reshaped: Politics and Religion, <i>c</i>.1660–1712
- The Early Modern Family
- The Seventeenth-Century Irish Connection
- New Perspectives on Pre-union Scotland
- Migrant Destinations, 1500–1750
- Union Historiographies
- Scottish Jacobitism in its International Context
- The Rise (and fall?) of the Scottish Enlightenment
- The Barbarous North? Criminality in Early Modern Scotland
- Industrialization and the Scottish People
- Scotland and the Eighteenth-Century Empire
- The Challenge of Radicalism to 1832
- The Scottish Cities
- Identity within the Union State, 1800–1900
- The Scottish Diaspora since 1815
- The Impact of the Victorian Empire
- The Great War
- The Interwar Crisis: The Failure of Extremism
- The Religious Factor
- Gender and Nationhood in Modern Scottish Historiography
- The Stateless Nation and the British State since 1918
- Challenging the Union
- A New Scotland? The Economy
- A New Scotland? Society and Culture
Abstract and Keywords
Instead of regarding the Britannic union as the moment when Scottish political autonomy was fatally compromised, Julian Goodare describes how Crown and Parliament worked together across the late sixteenth and early seventeenth century to forge an ‘absolutist state’. The result was a unified, centralized state that was operating by 1625, the year of Charles I's accession. Scotland's parishes were not units of secular government in the way that historians have argued for early modern England, which is perhaps most apparent in an area of social activity that was becoming a preoccupation for many local communities: poor relief. If it was fear of a hyperactive state that helped to propel Scottish elites into rebellion, the ensuing decade must have come as a shock. At the centre, Parliament arrogated to itself the power to convene and dismiss its representatives, as well as control the procedures by which legislation was prepared and passed. By the end of the seventeenth century, an autonomous Scottish state was faltering.
Laura A.M. Stewart is Senior Lecturer in Early Modern British History at Birkbeck, University of London, and has published widely on many aspects of early modern Scottish and British history. She is currently working on her second book, a study of political culture and state formation in Covenanted Scotland.
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