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date: 25 July 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on the historical and practical relationship between projects and innovation and the connections between the two, often separate, fields of research. First it provides a review of the historical linkages between innovation and projects/project management, including early military projects in the 1950s and 1960s, showing how projects were used to ferment innovation outside of the conventional organizational forms, politics, and processes. Next it discusses the many ways in which the literature treats innovation, providing a clear and simple practical definition of innovation. Following this it provides a summary of different models of innovation, suggesting how the nature and function of innovation has changed over the past decades, how researchers have interpreted these changes, and how they link to the field of project management.

Keywords: project and innovation, project management, organizational forms, organizational processes, organizational politics, historical linkages

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