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date: 03 August 2020

(p. 745) Subnational finances in Europe

(p. 745) Appendix 2

Subnational finances in Europe

(p. 746)

Relative GDP 2007

Expenditures as shares of GDP (%)

Subnational share of public expenditures (%)

Local government

State government

The British Isles

 United Kingdom

118.5

12.8

29.5

 Ireland

149.6

7.1

19.5

The Rhinelandic States

 Belgium

118.1

6.7

13.8

42.2

 Netherlands

131.3

15.5

35.2

 Luxembourg

275.0

4.6

12.7

 Germany

115.0

7.1

12.1

43.1

 Austria

123.8

7.5

8.7

34.8

 Switzerland

138.8

7.7

13.2

The Nordic States

 Denmark

120.3

32.2

62.1

 Finland

115.8

19.3

39.4

 Sweden

122.2

24.5

44.3

 Norway

178.0

13.3

The Southern European States

 France

108.9

11.2

20.4

 Italy

101.9

15.1

32.3

 Spain

105.6

6.6

14.9

53.4

 Portugal

76.1

6.1

13.0

 Greece

94.1

2.6

6.6

 Cyprus

92.4

1.9

5.1

 Malta

77.5

0.6

1.4

The New Democracies

 Poland

53.8

13.3

30.3

 Czech Republic

80.3

11.2

27.0

 Hungary

62.6

11.7

25.8

 Slovakia

67.1

6.1

17.8

 Estonia

69.5

9.7

24.9

 Latvia

57.9

10.7

26.2

 Lithuania

59.8

8.3

24.2

 Slovenia

89.5

8.4

19.0

 Bulgaria

37.5

7.2

15.0

 Romania

42.4

9.6

21.0

Total Average

100

11.3

33.7

Notes and sources: GDP 2007 in PPS compared to the EU 27 average (= 100). Source: Eurostat. Total general government expenditures 2007 (% of GDP) Local government and state government. Source: Eurostat. Subnational government: Subnational share of total public expenditures (%) 2005. Source: Sub‐national Governments in the European Union, Dexia 2008.