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date: 25 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The study of war history (which encompasses all aspects of wars, including political, economic, and cultural factors, and reaches beyond the more specific military history) is not just an academic field, it is a matter of importance for strategists and civilian and military leaders—provided they realize that history does not supply ‘lessons’, but an intellectual framework for understanding the relationship between different categories of events. This runs contrary to the tendency of the human mind to generalize one's own experience; it is an important lesson in modesty for the strategist. At the political level, apart from the true pacifists, defensive wars have been by and large accepted by the people concerned in modern European history: they have provided the opportunity to test the cohesion of the nation-states which emerged progressively in Europe.

Keywords: war history, nation-states, military leaders, economic factors, modern Europe, strategist

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