Abstract and Keywords
This article argues that advances in technology triggered an evolution in the art of war and contributed to the effectiveness of combat forces, both conventional and irregular. But technology has not become the great equalizer, because of the way asymmetrical responses can offset technological superiority. Since the end of the Cold War the conventional armed forces of the West have mainly fought against armed groups who use irregular warfare tactics to neutralize Western superiority. However, miscalculations in a multipolar world and scarce resources increase the risk of inter-state conflict. This could mean that the focus of the West will gradually shift back from non-state actors to state actors. But as long as weak actors confront stronger ones, hybrid warfare will remain the norm.
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