- Archaeological Research in St Petersburg, Russia
- The Slave Trade and Coastal West Africa
- The Archaeologist’s Evangeline: Historical Archaeology in Acadia
- Later Historical Archaeologies of the North Atlantic
- Many Worlds Colliding: Historical Archaeologies in South Africa
- Documentary Archaeology: Dialogues and Discourses
- Antarctic Archaeology: Discussing the History of the Southernmost End of the World
- On the Fence, Over the Fence: Archaeologies of Recent Conflict
- Far Behind the Front: The Ambitions and Shortcomings of an Aspiring Military State in the Seventeenth Century
- The Early Modern New Found Land
- Modernization on the Northern Fringe of Europe: The Historical Archaeology of Early Modern Sweden
- The First Century of the Town of Tornio: Urbanization on the Northern Edge of Europe
- Manchester: Archetypal Industrial City
- The Origins of New York City: From Indian Country to World Port
- Maturing Nicely: Overseas Chinese Archaeology in Australia and New Zealand
- Adapting to a Dry Continent: Technology and Environment in Australian Industrial Archaeology
- French Colonial Louisiana: The Rough Terrains of Empire
- The Archaeology of Early Modern South East Asia
- British Military Sites from Albany to Crown Point
- Definitions in Historical Archaeology: Enslaved African Americans Cultivating a Scientific Garden, Wye House, Maryland, USA
- Historical Archaeology in Mexico
- The North American Fur Trade in Historical and Archaeological Perspective
- ‘Remotely Global’ Village Life in Interior West Africa
- Historical Archaeology in Central America
- The Gibbs Farmstead: The Archaeology of Material Life in Southern Appalachia
- Indians, Africans, and Europeans: Social Pluralism in Early Colonial New York
- Beyond Squanto and the Pilgrims: Indians and Europeans in New England
- Modern-World Archaeology
- Missionization, Māori, and Colonial Warfare in Nineteenth-Century New Zealand
- Lessons from Ethnic Studies: Collaborative Directions for Asian American Historical Archaeology
Abstract and Keywords
In the fifteenth century, a rich coastal area along the western rim of the Atlantic Basin, now known as New York City, was on the brink of transformation. It was a quiet place where autonomous communities of egalitarian peoples, today known as the Munsee, lived. Three centuries later, that place had become the first capital of a new, slave-owning, settler nation, the United States of America, and that nation’s premier port. In between, it was first an extractive and then a settler colony of two major European powers, the Netherlands and England, and a battleground in the American Revolution. This chapter uses the results of archaeological excavations there to illuminate that dramatic transformation.
Anne-Marie Cantwell is Professor Emerita of Anthropology at Rutgers University-Newark and Visiting Scholar in Anthropology at New York University. Her research focus is on colonialism as well as on Native American trade and ritual in pre- and post-Columbian Eastern North America. She has written extensively (with Diana Wall) about seventeenth century New Netherland and is co-author of Unearthing Gotham: The Archeology of New York City, Touring Gotham's Archaeological Past, and co-editor of Aboriginal Ritual and Economy in the Eastern Woodlands.
Diana diZerega Wall is a Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the City College and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. She specializes in studying aspects of American culture in New York City, including colonialism and constructions of class, race, gender, and ethnicity. She has written extensively (with Anne Marie Cantwell) about seventeenth century New Netherland and (with Nan Rothschild) about Seneca Village, a nineteenth century African American community in today's Central Park and is co-author of Unearthing Gotham: The Archeology of New York City, Touring Gotham's Archaeological Past, and The Archaeology of America's Cities.
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