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date: 30 May 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Some of the earliest traces of European transatlantic expansion have been excavated in Canada’s easternmost province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The medieval Norse site at L’Anse aux Meadows, the sixteenth-century Basque whaling station and ship at Red Bay, Labrador, and the seventeenth-century colonial sites at Cupids and Ferryland have been particularly significant for historical archaeology. These major projects have inspired work on the early St John’s waterfront and on the French colony of Plaisance, as well as research on the ethnohistory of the native Beothuk and on the early modern French migratory fishery. The chapter shows the role historical archaeology has played in revising traditional approaches to the history of early modern Newfoundland, fundamentally challenging narratives of colonial failure.

Keywords: transatlantic expansion, Newfoundland, Labrador, whaling, St John’s waterfront, Plaisance, fishing, Atlantic World, Basques, Beothuk, Bretons, burials, casks and cooperage, ceramics

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