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date: 25 May 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter provides an overview of one of the most significant nineteenth-century industrial cities: Manchester. It reviews the seventeenth- and early eighteenth-century background to the emergence of the nineteenth-century industrial city: weak local lordship and the concentration of commercial power in a small group of entrepreneurial textile families. What emerged was a template for the industrial city: an urban-based textile manufacturing centre with dedicated workers’ housing serviced by a detailed and efficient transport network. This model would be copied by cities in Europe and North America during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The outline of the nineteenth-century industrial city is described through its archaeology, in the form of standing structures and excavated evidence. This includes the canal and railway infrastructure, the excavation of workers’ housing and the recording of surviving workshop dwellings, and the survey and excavation of Manchester’s most important manufacturing type-site: the steam-powered cotton spinning mill.

Keywords: Manchester, Industry, Textiles, Warehouse, Canal, Housing, Poverty

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