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date: 18 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Documentary archaeology involves a process that is begun afresh for each archaeological site or research project: that of ‘constructing the archive’ through integrating differing lines of evidence. For historical archaeologists, the archive includes written records, oral traditions, and material culture; often elements of the archive provide overlapping, conflicting, or entirely different insights into the past, requiring resolution and integration because of differences in scale, completeness, representativeness, temporal resolution, and lack of correspondence. This chapter explores how historical archaeologists use and analyse textual sources in writing archaeological narratives and considers the intertextuality of sources by analysing contrasting examples of success and of failure in attempts to establish a dialogue between above-ground and below-ground evidence.

Keywords: discourse analysis, documents, inscription, intertextuality, linguistic turn, literacy, text, writing

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