- Archaeological Research in St Petersburg, Russia
- The Slave Trade and Coastal West Africa
- The Archaeologist’s Evangeline: Historical Archaeology in Acadia
- Later Historical Archaeologies of the North Atlantic
- Many Worlds Colliding: Historical Archaeologies in South Africa
- Documentary Archaeology: Dialogues and Discourses
- Antarctic Archaeology: Discussing the History of the Southernmost End of the World
- On the Fence, Over the Fence: Archaeologies of Recent Conflict
- Far Behind the Front: The Ambitions and Shortcomings of an Aspiring Military State in the Seventeenth Century
- The Early Modern New Found Land
- Modernization on the Northern Fringe of Europe: The Historical Archaeology of Early Modern Sweden
- The First Century of the Town of Tornio: Urbanization on the Northern Edge of Europe
- Manchester: Archetypal Industrial City
- The Origins of New York City: From Indian Country to World Port
- Maturing Nicely: Overseas Chinese Archaeology in Australia and New Zealand
- Adapting to a Dry Continent: Technology and Environment in Australian Industrial Archaeology
- French Colonial Louisiana: The Rough Terrains of Empire
- The Archaeology of Early Modern South East Asia
- British Military Sites from Albany to Crown Point
- Definitions in Historical Archaeology: Enslaved African Americans Cultivating a Scientific Garden, Wye House, Maryland, USA
- Historical Archaeology in Mexico
- The North American Fur Trade in Historical and Archaeological Perspective
- ‘Remotely Global’ Village Life in Interior West Africa
- Historical Archaeology in Central America
- The Gibbs Farmstead: The Archaeology of Material Life in Southern Appalachia
- Indians, Africans, and Europeans: Social Pluralism in Early Colonial New York
- Beyond Squanto and the Pilgrims: Indians and Europeans in New England
- Modern-World Archaeology
- Missionization, Māori, and Colonial Warfare in Nineteenth-Century New Zealand
- Lessons from Ethnic Studies: Collaborative Directions for Asian American Historical Archaeology
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter addresses how research questions are created in historical archaeology. It tackles how archaeologists find evidence and apply it to understanding problems that are often given by constituents, as opposed to being predefined by the archaeologists. Definitions in historical archaeology do not come automatically with the field either. Defining methods in historical archaeology is something that is envisioned throughout the process of doing historical archaeology. This means comprehending why a site is being excavated, understanding the motivations and the impacts of the data on the site’s constituents, and producing data in a manner cognizant of the power that archaeological interpretations can hold. This chapter exemplifies one way to define historical archaeology—through the lens of African American enslavement and European scientific gardening—using archaeological work at an eighteenth-century greenhouse/orangery located at the Wye House Plantation in Easton, Maryland, USA.
Mark P. Leone is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Maryland. He has also been Director of Archaeology in Annapolis since 1981, and has led projects throughout the state of Maryland, primarily in and around the City of Annapolis and on the Eastern Shore.
Amanda Tang is a doctoral candidate of Anthropology at the University of Maryland. Her research concentrates on the archaeology of enslaved African-Americans, and uses zooarchaeology to study the transformation of cuisine alongside issues of race and racism. She earned a master’s of applied anthropology from the University of Maryland, and will receive her Ph.D. in Fall 2014.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.