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date: 06 June 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Historical archaeology in Central America is an archaeology of colonization, exploring processes through which indigenous, European-, and African-descendant people created new practices of everyday life and novel identities, and transformed place and landscape. A number of studies use formal models rooted in world systems theory or practice theory to understand colonial societies. Current methods, including compositional analysis and geophysical prospection, are employed to establish the nature of buried sites and patterns of exchange. Ethnogenesis and hybridity are a major focus, informing understanding of the African diaspora and indigeneity. Reframing indigenous survival in terms of persistence and change, rather than resistance and disappearance, is typical. Understanding the ways in which varied African populations became an indispensable part of the new colonies and later independent republics is a significant emphasis.

Keywords: African diaspora, colonization, compositional analysis, ethnogenesis, geophysical prospection, hybridity, indigeneity, practice theory, world systems theory

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