Abstract and Keywords
James Joyce relied on a repertory of early monocular love lyrics and his competence as a musician as a topic and a model for his early poetry, although he soon altered the speaker's role by admitting other narrators or doubling perspective to allow for parallactic sightings. Although his masterful innovations in narration, which would exert a profound influence on recent Irish poetry as well as prose, occurred mostly in his prose, these experimental narrations began a stealthy emergence in his poetry. In Joyce's poems, narrative doubling or duplicity is often ignored, and apparent narrative uniformity is read as the poet's voice, or even his ‘voiceprint’. Writing in 1982, Seamus Heaney suggested that Joyce's poems should be approached as refined music. Joyce's first collection of poems, now lost, was entitled Moods, most likely inspired by W. B. Yeats's essay ‘The Moods’ (1895).
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