- List of Illustrations
- Notes on Contributors
- Citizen Consumers: The Athenian Democracy and The Origins of Western Consumption
- Things in Between: Splendour and Excess in Ming China
- Material Culture in Seventeenth-Century ‘Britain’: The Matter of Domestic Consumption
- Africa and The Global Lives of Things
- Transatlantic Consumption
- The Global Exchange of Food and Drugs
- From India to the World: Cotton and Fashionability
- Luxury, the Luxury Trades, and the Roots of Industrial Growth: A Global Perspective
- City and Country: Home, Possessions, and Diet, Western Europe 1600–1800
- Standard of Living, Consumption, and Political Economy Over the Past 500 Years
- Sites of Consumption in Early Modern Europe
- Public Spaces, Knowledge, and Sociability
- Small Shops and Department Stores
- Comfort and Convenience: Temporality and Practice
- Consumption of Energy
- Saving and Spending
- Consumer Activism, Consumer Regimes, and the Consumer Movement: Rethinking the History of Consumer Politics in the United States
- Consumption and Nationalism: China
- National Socialism and Consumption
- Things Under Socialism: The Soviet Experience
- Unexpected Subversions: Modern Colonialism, Globalization, and Commodity Culture
- Consumption, Consumerism, and Japanese Modernity
- Consumer Movements
- The Politics of Everyday Life
- Status, Lifestyle, and Taste
- Domesticity and Beyond: Gender, Family, and Consumption in Modern Europe
- Children's Consumption in History
- Youth and Consumption
- Self and Body
- Consumption and Well-Being
Abstract and Keywords
There are few more intriguing problems in the history of consumption than that of how cultural barriers to the transmission of foods and drugs have been traversed or broken. Environmental change is a crucial part of the background of global exchanges of food and drugs. The process we have come to know as ‘the Columbian exchange’ of the last half-millennium made it possible to transplant crops to new climates, by a mixture of adaptation and accident. Shifts of religion can also play a big part. This article discusses the global exchange of food and drugs. After briefly considering imperialism and migration, which are inescapable parts of the background of trade, it focuses on trade itself, which is probably the biggest single influence on the global exchange of commodities such as salt, sugar and spice, psychotropic beverages, and therapeutic and recreational drugs. The article concludes with a discussion on food and drugs in the era of global trade.
Felipe Fernández-Armesto is the William P. Reynolds Professor of Arts and Letters in the Department of History at Notre Dame University, and author of Food: a History (London, 2001); The World: a History (Harlow, 2006); and The Americas: a Hemispheric History (New York, 2003).
Benjamin Sacks is a Ph.D. candidate at Princeton University in the History of Science program.
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