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date: 18 June 2019

(p. xvii) List of Contributors

(p. xvii) List of Contributors

G.J. Ashworth was educated at the Universities of Cambridge, Reading, and London (PhD. 1974). He taught at the Universities of Wales and Portsmouth, and since 1979 Groningen. Since 1994, he has been professor of heritage management and urban tourism in the Department of Planning, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, University of Groningen (Netherlands). He is also Visiting Professor, Institute of Conservation, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. He received an honorary doctorate from the University of Brighton in 2009. Main research interests include heritage management, urban tourism and place marketing.

Ivan T. Berend is a Distinguished Professor at the Department of History, University of California, Los Angeles. Previously, he was professor of economic history at the Budapest University of Economics (1953–1985); President of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (1985–90); and President of the International Committee of Historical Sciences (1995–2000). He is a Member of the British Academy and five other European academies of sciences. His most recent book is Europe since 1980 (2010). Among his earlier works, he published a tetralogy on nineteenth- and twentieth-century Central and Eastern Europe, The European Periphery and Industrialization, 1780–1914 (1984), and An Economic History of 20th Century Europe (2006). He is currently working on an economic history of nineteenth-century Europe.

Luiza Bialasiewicz is Associate Professor in the Department of European Studies at the University of Amsterdam. Her main interests lie with the historical and political geographies of European integration and European geopolitics. She is the co-author of Spazio e Politica: Riflessioni di geografia critica (2004) and the editor of Europe in the World: EU Geopolitics and the Making of European Space (2011). She is currently completing a research monograph on the transnational geographies of the idea of Europe entitled Traces of Europe.

Robert Bideleux was born in Argentina and educated in Brazil and the UK, and is a Reader in Political and Cultural Studies at Swansea University, where he teaches on political economy, genocide and global politics and runs a PPE programme. He has written extensively on political and economic change in modern Europe (especially its eastern half). He is currently working on the impact of the Great Recession of 2008–09 on the post-Communist states, writing books entitled Genocidal Europe and Rethinking Europe's East-West Divides, and co-writing (with Ian Jeffries) East Central Europe After Communism and The Caucasus States After Communism.

(p. xviii) Ib Bondebjerg is Professor at the Department of Media, Cognition and Communication, University of Copenhagen ( and Director of the Centre for Modern European Studies (, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. He was the founder and editor-in-chief of the international journal Northern Lights. Film and Media Studies Yearbook (2000–2009) and is a member of the editorial board of the international journal Studies in Documentary Film. He has published more than 100 articles in national and international journals and books. His most important single-authored books are: Electronic Fictions. Television as a Narrative Medium (1993, in Danish), Film and Modernity. Film Genres and Film Culture in Denmark 1940–1972 (2005, in Danish), Narratives of Reality. History of the Danish TV-Documentary (2008, in Danish), Images of Reality. The Modern Danish Film Documentary, 2011, in Danish) and Engaging with Reality: Documentary and Politics (2011). Among his edited and co-edited books are: Moving Images, Culture and the Mind (2000), The Danish Director: Dialogue on a National Cinema (2001, with Mette Hjort), European Culture and the Media (2004, with Peter Golding) and Media, Democracy and European Culture (2008, with Peter Madsen).

Cathie Carmichael is Reader in Eastern European History at the University of East Anglia, Norwich. She studied at the London School of Economics and the Universities of Ljubljana and Bradford. She is the author of Ethnic Cleansing in the Balkans: Nationalism and the Destruction of Tradition (2002) and Genocide before the Holocaust (2009), co-editor (with Stephen Barbour) of Language and Nationalism in Europe (2000), and co-author (with James Gow) of Slovenia and the Slovenes (2000). She is on the International Advisory Board of Europe-Asia Studies, a member of the Executive Board of the British Association of Slavonic and East European Studies and an editor of the Journal of Genocide Research.

Stephen Castles is Research Professor of Sociology at the University of Sydney and Associate Director of the International Migration Institute (IMI), University of Oxford. He works on international migration dynamics, global governance and migration and development. His recent books include: The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World (4th edn, with Mark Miller, 2009); and Migration and Development: Perspectives from the South (edited with Rúal Delgado Wise, 2008).

Hugh D. Clout is Professor Emeritus of Geography and former dean of social and historical sciences at University College London. His most recent books are Patronage and the Production of Geographical Knowledge in France (2009) and Contemporary Rural Geographies (ed., 2007). Previous books include: Times History of London (ed., 2007); After the Ruins: Restoring the Countryside of Northern France after the Great War (2007); and Agriculture in France on the Eve of the Railway Age (1980). He is currently working on the reconstruction of towns and villages in France after World War II, and on the historiography of academic geography in France. He serves on the editorial board of several French geographical periodicals. He is a Fellow of the British Academy, of the Academia Europaea, and of University College London.

(p. xix) Nicholas Crafts has been Professor of Economic History at the University of Warwick since 2006. He is also Director of the ESRC Research Centre on Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE), at Warwick. Previous academic appointments have included full-time positions at London School of Economics and Oxford University, and visiting positions at UC Berkeley and Stanford. He is a Fellow of the British Academy and is a past President of the Economic History Society. His main fields of interest are long-run economic growth, British economic performance and policy in the twentieth century, the Industrial Revolution, and the historical geography of industrial location.

Geoff Eley is the Karl Pohrt Distinguished University Professor of Contemporary History at the University of Michigan, where he has taught since 1979; he is currently chairing the History Department. His most recent books include Forging Democracy: The History of the Left in Europe, 1850–2000 (2002); A Crooked Line: From Cultural History to the History of Society (2005); The Future of Class in History: What's Left of the Social? (with Keith Nield, 2007); and After the Nazi Racial State: Difference and Democracy in Germany and Europe, coauthored with Rita Chin, Heide Fehrenbach, and Atina Grossmann (2009). He is co-editor of a volume of essays on German colonialism with Bradley Naranch. He is currently finishing a book on fascism and the German Right called Genealogies of Nazism: Conservatives, Radical Nationalists, Fascists in Germany, 1860–1930.

Martin Evans is Professor of Contemporary History at the University of Portsmouth. He is the author of Memory of Resistance: French Opposition to the Algerian War (1997) and Algeria: France's Undeclared War (2011), and the co-author (with John Phillips) of Algeria: Anger of the Dispossessed (2007). He is on the editorial board of History Today. In 2007–08 he was a Leverhulme Senior Research Fellow at the British Academy.

Philipp Gassert is Professor of Transatlantic Cultural History at the University of Augsburg. His books include a history of anti-Americanism in Nazi Germany, Amerika im Dritten Reich: Ideologie, Volksmeinung und Propaganda (1997) and many other publications dealing with postwar European history, including 1968: The World Transformed (co-edited with Carole Fink and Detlef Junker, 1998); Coping with the Nazi Past: West German Debates on Nazism and Generational Conflict, 1955–1975 (co-edited with Alan E. Steinweis, 2006). He has taught at the University of Heidelberg and the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. He was also deputy director of the German Historical Institute in Washington, D.C. in 2008–09.

Brian Graham is Emeritus Professor of Human Geography at the University of Ulster, Northern Ireland. His most recent books are Pluralising Pasts: Heritage, Identity and Place in Multicultural Societies (2007), co-authored with G.J. Ashworth and J.E. Tunbridge; and The Ashgate Research Companion to Heritage and Identity (2008), co-edited with Peter Howard. He is currently writing a study of the role of commemoration of conflict in peace processes with Sara McDowell and completing a (p. xx) cultural geography of the Irish borderlands with Catherine Nash. His previous books include A Geography of Heritage: Power, Culture, Economy (2000), also co-authored with G.J. Ashworth and J.E. Tunbridge and several edited volumes such as Modern Historical Geographies (with Catherine Nash, 2000), Modern Europe: Place, Culture, Identity (1998), and In Search of Ireland (1997). He has also published numerous articles and book chapters on issues concerned with heritage, identity and memory in Ireland and Europe. He lives in Northern Ireland.

Helen Graham teaches modern European history at Royal Holloway, University of London. Her books include The Spanish Republic at War (2003), The Spanish Civil War: A Very Short Introduction (2005), which has been translated into German, Spanish, Portuguese, and Greek, and The War and its Shadow: Spain's Civil War in Europe's Long Twentieth Century (2012). She is currently researching a book about Franco's prisons and writing another, Lives at the Limit, which explores the reverberations of Republican defeat internationally through a series of interlocking biographical essays. Her research interests include the social history of Spanish communism; comparative civil wars and comparative cultural and gender history. In 1995 she edited (with Jo Labanyi) the Oxford University Press volume Spanish Cultural Studies.

Ido de Haan is Professor of Political History at Utrecht University (the Netherlands). His fields of interest are the history of modern democracy, citizenship, and the state, the history and memory of large-scale violence, the comparative study of political transitions, the history of political thought, and contemporary Jewish history. He has published on the memory of war, occupation, and the Holocaust in the Netherlands, on the political history of the Netherlands in the nineteenth century, and on the history of the Dutch welfare state. He has also edited volumes on the social question, the history of ‘maakbaarheid’ (the untranslatable Dutch concept for ‘constructing society’), and a volume on ‘borders and boundaries’ in Jewish history. He is currently leading a research project on the history of functional, corporatist and associational forms of democracy since the end of the nineteenth century until the present. He regularly contributes to the public debate in the Netherlands. Ido de Haan lives in Amsterdam.

Jussi M. Hanhimäki is Professor of International History and Politics at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, Switzerland and Finland Distinguished Professor (Academy of Finland). His most recent publications include The United Nations: A Very Short Introduction (2008) and The Flawed Architect: Henry Kissinger and American Foreign Policy (2004). Professor Hanhimäki is one of the founding editors of the journal Cold War History and a member of the editorial boards of Relations Internationales, Refugee Survey Quarterly, and Ulkopolitiikka.

Andrew Jamison has an undergraduate degree in history and science from Harvard University (1970) and a PhD from University of Gothenburg in theory of science (1983). He was director of the graduate programme in science and technology policy at the University of Lund from 1986 to 1995, and since 1996, has been professor of technology (p. xxi) and society at the Department of Development and Planning at Aalborg University. He was coordinator of the EU-funded project, Public Participation and Environmental Science and Technology Policy Options (PESTO), from 1996 to 1999, and is currently coordinating a Programme of Research on Opportunities and Challenges in Engineering Education in Denmark (PROCEED), from 2010 to 2013, funded by the Danish Strategic Research Council. He has published widely in the areas of environmental politics, social movements, and cultural history, most recently The Making of Green Knowledge: Environmental Politics and Cultural Transformation (2001) and, with Mikael Hård, Hubris and Hybrids: A Cultural History of Technology and Science (2005).

Martin Klimke is an Assistant Professor of History at New York University, Abu Dhabi. From 2006 to 2010, he was the coordinator of the EU-funded conference and training series ‘European Protest Movements since 1945’. His many publications include: The Other Alliance: Student Protest in West Germany and the United States in the Global Sixties (2010); A Breath of Freedom: The Civil Rights Struggle, African American GIs, and Germany (with Maria Höhn, 2010); Changing the World, Changing the Self: Political Protest and Collective Identities in the 1960s and 1970s (co-edited with Belinda Davis, Carla MacDougall and Wilfried Mausbach, 2010); 1968: Memories and Legacies of a Global Revolt (co-edited with Philipp Gassert, 2009); and 1968 in Europe: A History of Protest and Activism, 1956–77 (co-edited with Joachim Scharloth, 2008).

Catherine Lee is Head of the Research and Postgraduate Office at London Metropolitan University. Her research is trans-disciplinary with a focus on political sociology. She has a long-standing interest in theories of practice and governmentality. Her work has investigated conceptions and understandings of Europe as well as practices of the knowledge economy.

Uli Linke is Professor of Anthropology at Rochester Institute of Technology (http:// Her research is focused on the cultural politics of nationhood in Europe, with particular attention to regimes of exclusion, gender, genocide, trauma and memory, and the semiotics of the body. Her books include Cultures of Fear: A Critical Reader (co-edited with Danielle Taana Smith, 2009), German Bodies: Race and Representation after Hitler (1999), and Blood and Nation: The European Aesthetics of Race (1999). She has taught at the University of Toronto, the Central European University in Budapest, Rutgers University, and the University of Tübingen, where she was a faculty member at the Ludwig Uhland Institute. Her essays have appeared in Comparative Studies of Society and History, New German Critique, History and Anthropology and Anthropological Theory among other journals.

Roger Markwick is Associate Professor of Modern European History and Head of the School of Humanities and Social Science, University of Newcastle, Australia ( His Rewriting History in Soviet Russia: The Politics of Revisionist Historiography in the Soviet Union, 1956–1974 won the Alexander Nove Prize in Russian, Soviet, and Post-Soviet Studies for 2001. (p. xxii) Among his other writings is ‘Communism: Fascism's “Other”?’, in The Oxford Handbook of Fascism (2009). He is co-author (with Euridice Charon Cardona) of Soviet Women on the Frontline in the Second World War (2012). His latest research is on Soviet women on the home front during the Second World War.

Samuel Moyn is Professor of History at Columbia University, where he has taught since 2001. He has published three books, including Origins of the Other: Emmanuel Levinas between Revelation and Ethics (2005) and The Last Utopia: Human Rights in History (2010). He reviews frequently for The Nation, and lives in New York City.

Stefan Muthesius is an art historian, specialising in the history of architecture and design of the last 200 years in Europe and North America. He taught at the School of World Art Studies at the University of East Anglia in Norwich. His last book is The Poetic Home: Designing the 19th Century Domestic Interior (2009); earlier books include The Postwar University: Utopianist College and Campus (2000), An Introduction to Art, Architecture and Design in Poland (1994) and The English Terraced House (1984).

Leopoldo Nuti is Professor of History of International Relations at the University of Roma Tre and Director of CIMA, an Italian Inter-university Center for Cold War Studies. Prof. Nuti has been a Fulbright student at George Washington University (MA, class of ’86), NATO Research Fellow, Jean Monnet Fellow at the European University Institute, Research Fellow at the CSIA, Harvard University, Research Fellow for the Nuclear History Program, Senior Research Fellow at the Norwegian Nobel Institute, and Visiting Professor at the Institut d’Etudes Politiques in Paris. He has published extensively in Italian, English and French on US-Italian relations and Italian foreign and security policy. His latest books are a history of nuclear weapons in Italy during the Cold War, La sfida nucleare. La politico estera italiana e le armi nucleari, 1945–1991 (2007) and, as an editor, The Crisis of Detente in Europe: From Helsinki to Gorbachev, 1975–1985 (2008).

Richard Overy is Professor of History at the University of Exeter after teaching for 24 years at King's College, London. He has written more than 25 books on the Second World War, the history of airpower, and of the Soviet and German dictatorships. His most recent books have been The Dictators: Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Russia (2004) (which won the Wolfson and the Hessell Tiltman Prizes for History), The Morbid Age: Britain and the Crisis of Civilisation 1919–1939 (2009), and The Third Reich: A Chronicle (2010). He is a Fellow of the British Academy and a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society. In 2001 he was awarded the Samuel Eliot Morison Prize for his contributions to military history, and in 2010 the James Doolittle Award for his writings on air power.

Luisa Passerini is a retired Professor of Cultural History at the University of Turin, Italy ( Her most recent book is Love and the Idea of Europe (2009) and she has started a study on the connections between memory, (p. xxiii) visuality, and new forms of European identity. Among her previous books are Europe in Love, Love in Europe: Imagination and Politics between the Wars (1999) and Memory and Utopia: The Primacy of Inter subjectivity (2007). She is an External Professor at the European University Institute, Florence, and a Visiting Professor at Columbia University.

Mark Pittaway was Senior Lecturer in European Studies in the History Department at the Open University. His publications included Eastern Europe, 1939–2000 (2004). He passed away in 2010, during the preparation of this volume.

Alejandro Quiroga is a Reader in Spanish History at the School of Historical Studies, Newcastle University. His most recent book is Right-Wing Spain in the Civil War Era. Soldiers of God and Apostles of the Fatherland, 1914–45 (co-edited with Miguel Ángel del Arco, 2012). He is the author of The Reinvention of Spain: Nation and Identity since Democracy (with Sebastian Balfour, 2007), Making Spaniards: Primo de Rivera and the Nationalization of the Masses, 1923–1930 (2007), and Los orígenes del Nacionalcatolicismo. José Pemartíny la Dictadura de Primo de Rivera (2006). He is currently writing a monograph on football and national identities in contemporary Spain.

Douglas Selvage is staff researcher at the Office of the Federal Commissioner for Stasi Records in Berlin for the project, ‘The Ministry for State Security and the CSCE Process’. Previously, at the Historian's Office of the U.S. Department of State, he edited Foreign Relations of the United States: European Security, 1969–1976, along with other co-edited volumes. He also won the Link-Kuehl Prize for Documentary Editing of the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations for Soviet-American Relations: The Detente Years, 1969–1972 (co-edited with David Geyer, 2007). He is a frequent contributor to the publications of the Cold War International History Project and the Parallel History Project. He also served as principal investigator for the National Endowment for the Humanities grant project, ‘The Cold War and Human Security: Translations for the Parallel History Project’.

Michael Shafir is Professor of International Relations at Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. He is the author of Romania: Politics, Economics and Society. Political Stagnation and Simulated Change (1985); Between Negation and Comparative Trivialization: Holocaust Denial in Post-Communist East-Central Europe (2002); and X-Rays and other Phobias (2010). He has published over 300 articles on communist and post-communist affairs in American, Austrian, British, Czech, Dutch, French, German, Hungarian, Israeli, Romanian, and Slovak journals, and has contributed chapters to books published in Austria, the Czech Republic, Great Britain, Romania, Slovakia, and the USA. Professor Shafir is the head of the Romanian delegation to the Task Force for International Cooperation on Holocaust Education, Remembrance, and Research (ITF).

P.D. Smith is an independent researcher and writer ( His most recent book is City: A Guidebook for the Urban Age (Bloomsbury, 2012). His previous (p. xxiv) books are Doomsday Men: The Real Dr Strangelove and the Dream of the Superweapon (2007); Metaphor and Materiality: German Literature and the World-View of Science 1780–1955 (2000); and a succinct biography of Einstein (2003). He has taught at University College London where he is an Honorary Research Associate in the Department of Science and Technology Studies. He regularly reviews books for the Guardian and the Times Literary Supplement, and has written for the Independent and the Financial Times among other journals. He lives in Hampshire.

Dan Stone is Professor of Modern History at Royal Holloway, University of London. He works on historiographical and philosophical interpretations of the Holocaust, comparative genocide, modern European history of ideas, and the cultural history of the British Right. His publications include: Breeding Superman: Nietzsche, Race and Eugenics in Edwardian and Interwar Britain (2002); Constructing the Holocaust: A Study in Historiography (2003); Responses to Nazism in Britain 1933–1939: Before War and Holocaust (2003); The Historiography of the Holocaust (ed., 2004); History, Memory and Mass Atrocity: Essays on the Holocaust and Genocide (2006), Hannah Arendt and the Uses of History: Imperialism, Nation, Race and Genocide (ed. with Richard H. King, 2007); The Historiography of Genocide (ed., 2008); Histories of the Holocaust (2010); and The Holocaust and Historical Methodology (ed., 2012). He is currently writing a book on postwar Europe for OUP.

Philipp Ther is Professor of Central European History at the University of Vienna. He has published several books about nationalism, violence, and ethnic cleansing. Among them are Deutsche und polnische Vertriebene. Gesellschaft und Vertriebenenpolitik in der SBZ/DDR und in Polen 1945–1956 (1998), Redrawing Nations: Ethnic Cleansing in East-Central Europe 1944–1948 (ed. with Ana Siljak, 2001), Nationalitätenkonflikte im 20. Jahrhundert: Ursachen von inter-ethnischer Gewalt im Vergleich (ed. with Holm Sundhaussen, 2001), and Die dunkle Seite der Nationalstaaten: Ethnische Säuberungen im modernen Europa (2011). His other, more pleasant field of interest, is cultural history, especially the history of music and society.

Vladimir Tismaneanu is Professor of Politics at University of Maryland (College Park) and President of the Scientific Council of the Institute for the Investigation of Communism Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile (Romania). Most recently, he edited the volume Promises of 1968: Crisis, Illusion, and Utopia (2010). Among his books are Reinventing Politics: Eastern Europe from Stalin to Havel (1992, paperback with a new epilogue, 1993); Fantasies of Salvation: Nationalism, Democracy, and Myth in Post-Communist Europe (1998); Stalinism for All Seasons: a Political History of Romanian Communism (2003). His next book, The Devil in History: Lessons of the 20th Century, is forthcoming with University of California Press.

Gianni Toniolo is Research Professor of Economics and History at Duke University (North Carolina), Visiting Professor at Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi Sociali (Rome), Research Fellow at the Centre for Economic Policy Research (London), (p. xxv) and a member of the European Academy. His research interests focus on European economic growth since 1800 and on financial history. Among his books are: The World Economy between the Wars (with C.H. Feinstein and P. Temin, 2008); The Global Economy in the 1990s. A Long-run Perspective (with P. Rhode 2006); Central Bank Cooperation at the BIS (2005); and Economic Growth in Europe since 1945 (with N. Crafts, 1996).

Rosemary Wakeman is Professor of History and Director of the Urban Studies Program at Fordham University in New York. She is the author of The Heroic City: Paris 1945–1958 (2009) and Modernizing the Provincial City: Toulouse, 1945–1975 (1997). She has also edited Themes in Modern European History since 1945 (2003). She has published numerous articles on urban history and on cities, and writes regularly for the Revue Urbanisme. Her current book project is an intellectual history of the New Town Movement in Europe and the United States.

Robert J.C. Young is Julius Silver Professor of English and Comparative Literature at New York University. He was formerly Professor of English and Critical Theory at Oxford University and a fellow of Wadham College. He has published White Mythologies: Writing History and the West (1990, new edition 2004), Colonial Desire: Hybridity in Culture, Theory and Race (1995), Postcolonialism: An Historical Introduction (2001), Postcolonialism: A Very Short Introduction (2003), and The Idea of English Ethnicity (2008). Editor of Interventions: International Journal of Postcolonial Studies, he was also a founding editor of the Oxford Literary Review which he edited from 1977 to 1994. His work has been translated into 20 languages.