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date: 19 May 2019

(p. xi) List of Abbreviations

(p. xi) List of Abbreviations

AEC

Aero Engine Controls

AGA

Spanish State Archives

AK

Armia Kraiova (Home Army) (Poland)

AML

Amis du Manifeste de la Liberté (Algeria)

AOC

Appellation d’origine contrôlée

ARD

Arbeitsgemeinschaft der öffentlich-rechtlichen Rundfunkanstalten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Consortium of Public-law Broadcasting Institutions of the Federal Republic of Germany)

ARP

Air Raid Precautions

ATM

Automated teller machine

BBC

British Broadcasting Corporation

BCP

Bulgarian Communist Party

BR

Brigate rosse (Red Brigades) (Italy)

BSE

Bovine spongiform encephalitis (mad cow disease)

CAP

Common Agricultural Policy

CCF

Congress for Cultural Freedom

CCP

Chinese Communist Party

CDU

Christlich-Demokratische Union (Christian Democratic Union) (Germany)

CEA

Atomic Energy Commission

CER

European Organization for Atomic Research

CGT

Confédération Générale du Travail (France)

CIA

Central Intelligence Agency (US)

CIS

Commonwealth of Independent States

CLN

Committee of National Liberation (Italy)

CMEA

Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (Comecon)

CNC

Centre National de la Cinématographie (France)

CND

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (UK)

CNN

Cable News Network

CNR

Conseil national de la résistance (National Resistance Council) (France)

COMECON

see CMEA

CP

Communist Party

CPSU

Communist Party of the Soviet Union

CSCE

Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe

Czechoslovak Soviet Socialist Republic

DC

Democrazia Cristiana (Christian Democrats) (Italy)

DDR

Deutsche Demokratische Republik, see GDR

DDT

Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (insecticide)

DGS

Direcção Geral de Segurança (General Security Directorate) (Portugal)

DPs

Displaced persons

DR2

Danmarks Radio 2 (Denmark)

EAM

National Liberation Front (Greece)

EBU

European Broadcasting Union

EC

European Community

ECHR

European Court of Human Rights

ECR

European Conservatives and Reformists Group

ECSC

European Coal and Steel Community

EDC

European Defence Corps

EEC

European Economic Community

EFTA

European Free Trade Association

ELAS

Ellinikós Laϯkós Apeleftherotikós Stratós (Greek People's Liberation Army)

EMU

European Monetary Union

EPU

European Payments Union

ERP

European Recovery Program (Marshall Plan)

ERW

Enhanced-Radiation Weapon (neutron bomb)

ETA

Basque Homeland and Freedom

EU

European Union

EURODAC

European Dactyloscopy

EXCOMM

Executive Committee of the National Security Council (US)

FIDESZ-MPP

Alliance of Young Democrats-Hungarian Civic Party

FLN

Front pour la Libération National (National Liberation Front) (Algeria)

FND

National Democratic Front (Romania)

FRG

Federal Republic of Germany

FRY

Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

GATT

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GDP

Gross domestic product

GDR

German Democratic Republic

GERB

Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria

GNP

Gross national product

HDZ

Croat Democratic Union

HSP

Croatian Party of Rights

HVO

Hravatsko vijeće obrane (Croatian Defence Council)

ICOM

International Council of Museums

International Council on Monuments and Sites

ICT

Information and Communication Technology

ICTY

International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia

IDP

Internally Displaced Person

IEPC

Agreement for Intra-European Payments and Compensations

IISS

International Institute for Strategic Studies

IMF

International Monetary Fund

INF

Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty

INSEAD

Institut Européen d’Administration des Affaires (European Institute of Business Administration)

IRA

Irish Republican Army

ISUY

International Union of Socialist Youth

ITV

Independent Television (UK)

IUCN

International Union for Conservation of Nature

JNA

Yugoslavian National Army

Jobbik

Movement for a Better Hungary Party

KGB

Komitet gosudarstvennoy bezopastnosti (Committee for State Security) (USSR)

KKE

Greek Communist Party

KLA

Kosovo Liberation Army

KPD

Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands (German Communist Party)

KPRF

Communist Party of the Russian Federation

KSČ

Czechoslovak Communist Party

LCY

League of Communists of Yugoslavia

LNNK

Latvian Fatherland and Freedom Party

LPR

League of Polish Families

LSE

London School of Economics and Political Science

MAD

Mutual Assured Destruction

MFA

Movimento das Forças Armadas (Armed Forces Movement) (Portugal)

MIÉP

Justice and Life Party (Hungary)

MKP

Hungarian Communist Party

MLF

Multilateral Nuclear Force (NATO)

MPs

Members of Parliament

MRP

Mouvement Républicain Populaire (People's Republican Movement) (France)

MTV

Music Television

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

ND

New Democracy (Greece)

NDH

Independent State of Croatia

NDR3

Norddeutscher Rundfunk 3 (FRG)

NGO

Non-Governmental Organization

NKVD

Narodnyy komissariat vnutrennikh del (People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs) (Soviet Security Service)

New York Times

OAS

Organisation de l’Armée Secrète (Secret Army Organization) (France)

OECD

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

OEEC

Organization for European Economic Cooperation

OPEC

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

ORTF

Office de Radiodiffusion-Télévision Française (French Radio and Television Broadcasting)

OWI

Office of War Information (US)

PASOK

Panel’linio Sosialistiko Cinima (Panhellenic Socialist Movement) (Greece)

PCF

Partie Communiste Française (French Communist Party)

PCI

Partito Comunista Italiano (Italian Communist Party)

PCP

Portuguese Communist Party

PDA

Personal Digital Assistant

PDL

Partidul Liberal Democrat (Liberal-Democratic Party) (Romania)

PIDE

Policia Internacional e de Defesa do Estado (International and State Police) (Portugal)

‘PIIGS’

Portugal, Italy, Ireland, Greece and Spain

PiS

Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Law and Justice Party) (Poland)

PLA

Party of Labour in Albania

POW

Prisoner of war

PRC

People's Republic of China

PS/SFIO>

Partie Socialiste/Section Française de l’Internationale Ouvrière (French Socialist Party)

PSDI

Partito Socialista Democratico Italiano (Italian Democratic Socialist Party)

PSI

Partito Socialista Italiano (Italian Socialist Party)

PSL

Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe (Polish Peasants’ Party)

PSOE

Partido Socialista Obrero Español (Spanish Socialist Party)

PZPR

Polska Zjednoczona Partia Robotnicza (Polish United Workers’ Party)

RAF

Red Army Faction (West Germany)

R&D

research and development

RCP

Romanian Communist Party

RSFSR

Russian Federation

RTP

Rádio e Televisão de Portugal (Portuguese Radio and Television)

SALT

Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty

SAP

Sveriges socialdemokratiska arbetareparti (Swedish Social Democratic Party)

SDS

Sozialistische deutsche Studentenbund (German Socialist Student League)

SDS

Srpska demokratska stranka (Serbian Democratic Party)

SED

Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands (German Socialist Unity Party)

SMER

Sociálna demokracia (Direction – Social Democracy) (Slovakia)

SNP

Scottish National Party

SNS

Slovenská národná strana (Slovak National Party)

Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (German Social Democratic Party)

SPÖ

Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs (Austrian Social Democratic Party)

SS

Schutzstaffel

STS

Science, Technology and Society

TFP

Total Factor Productivity

TGV

Train à Grande Vitesse

TV

Television

TVE

Televisión Española (Spanish Television)

TVN

TV Nowa (Poland)

TVP1, 2, 3

Telewizja Polska (Polish Television)

UN

United Nations

UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

UNHCR

United Nations High Commission for Refugees

UNMIK

United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo

UNRRA

United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration

UNURI

Unione nazionale universitaria rappresentativa italiana (Central student organization) (Italy)

USHMM

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

US/USA

United States/United States of America

USSR

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Soviet Union)

VE

Victory in Europe

VJ

Yugoslav Army

VRS

Bosnian Serb Army

WEU

Western European Union

WP

Warsaw Pact

WTO

World Trade Organization

yBa

young British artists

YLE

Yleisradio (Finnish Broadcasting Company)

ZboWiD

Związek Bojowników o Wolność i Demokrację (Union of Fighters for Freedom and Democracy) (Poland)

ZDF

Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen (Second German TV Channel)

(p. xvi)