- The Oxford Handbook of Postwar European History
- List of Illustrations
- List of Abbreviations
- List of Contributors
- List of Contributors
- Editor's Introduction: Postwar Europe as History
- Corporatism and the Social Democratic Moment: The Postwar Settlement, 1945–1973
- Interwar, War, Postwar: Was there a Zero Hour in 1945?
- East, West, and the Return of ‘Central’: Borders Drawn and Redrawn
- Spectres of Europe: Europe's Past, Present, and Future
- Europe and its Others: Is there a European Identity?
- Ethnic Cleansing
- Responding to ‘Order Without Life’? Living Under Communism
- The Spectre of Americanization: Western Europe in the American Century
- Immigration and Asylum: Challenges to European Identities and Citizenship
- Gendering Europe, Europeanizing Gender: The Politics of Difference in a Global Era
- 1968: Europe in Technicolour
- Making Postwar Communism
- Europe's Cold War
- The Western European Welfare State Beyond Christian and Social Democratic Ideology
- The Truth About Friendship Treaties: Behind The Iron Curtain
- A Continent Bristling With Arms: Continuity and Change In Western European Security Policies After the Second World War
- <i>‘Les Trente Glorieuses’</i>: From the Marshall Plan to the Oil Crisis
- European Integration: The Rescue of the Nation State?
- A Restructured Economy: From the Oil Crisis to the Financial Crisis, 1973–2009
- Veblen Redivivus: Leisure and Excessin Europe
- ‘Gentlemen, you are Mad!’: Mutual Assured Destruction and Cold War Culture
- What was National Stalinism?
- Colonial Fantasies Shattered
- After the Fear was Over? What Came After Dictatorships in Spain, Greece, and Portugal
- What Comes After Communism?
- Brothers, Strangers and Enemies: Ethno-Nationalism and the Demise of Communist Yugoslavia
- The Countryside: Towards a Theme Park?
- Heritage and the Reconceptualization of the Postwar European City
- The Postcolonial Condition
- Postwar Art, Architecture, and Design
- Science and Technology in Postwar Europe
- Images of Europe, European Images: Postwar European Cinema and Television Culture
- Intellectuals and Nazism
- The Great Patriotic War in Soviet and Post-Soviet Collective Memory
- Memory Wars in the ‘New Europe’
Abstract and Keywords
Despite their marked differences, Belfast and Berlin demonstrate a trait that, since the mid-1970s, has become a defining characteristic of European cities, namely the repositioning of the contemporary urban area through representations of its past. This is the most recent stage in the genesis of postwar European cities which, since 1945, have undergone an as yet incomplete process of radical restructuring that has changed not merely the outward physical appearance of morphologies, buildings, and spaces, but, more fundamentally, the ways in which cities are used and, ultimately, their meanings for those who use them. Urban landscapes constitute a powerful economic resource in that the European city has become a keystone in cultural tourism while the historically referenced landscape is also used to ‘sell’ places. This article explores how cities in Europe have been reconceptualised since 1945, not just as places to live and work, but as sites of memory and culture. The discussion is framed through the lens of heritage.
G.J. Ashworth was educated at the Universities of Cambridge, Reading, and London (PhD. 1974). He taught at the Universities of Wales and Portsmouth, and since 1979 Groningen. Since 1994, he has been professor of heritage management and urban tourism in the Department of Planning, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, University of Groningen (Netherlands). He is also Visiting Professor, Institute of Conservation, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. He received an honorary doctorate from the University of Brighton in 2009. Main research interests include heritage management, urban tourism and place marketing.
Brian Graham is Emeritus Professor of Human Geography at the University of Ulster, Northern Ireland. His most recent books are Pluralising Pasts: Heritage, Identity and Place in Multicultural Societies (2007), co-authored with G.J. Ashworth and J.E. Tunbridge; and The Ashgate Research Companion to Heritage and Identity (2008), co-edited with Peter Howard. He is currently writing a study of the role of commemoration of conflict in peace processes with Sara McDowell and completing a cultural geography of the Irish borderlands with Catherine Nash. His previous books include A Geography of Heritage: Power, Culture, Economy (2000), also co-authored with G.J. Ashworth and J.E. Tunbridge and several edited volumes such as Modern Historical Geographies (with Catherine Nash, 2000), Modern Europe: Place, Culture, Identity (1998), and In Search of Ireland (1997). He has also published numerous articles and book chapters on issues concerned with heritage, identity and memory in Ireland and Europe. He lives in Northern Ireland.
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