Abstract and Keywords
Standards of one kind or another are central to all regulatory regimes. Conceived of in most general terms, standards are the norms, goals, objectives, or rules around which a regulatory regime is organised. The first part of this article elaborates further on the meaning of standards within regulatory regimes. The second part of this article is concerned with the variety of state and non-state actors who are involved in standard-setting and the processes through which standards are set and applied. The setting of standards is characterised by a diffusion of responsibility — national and supranational levels, state and non-state. The final substantive section of this article addresses the challenges of accountability associated with the emergence of a highly diffuse ‘industry’ for regulatory standard setting.
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