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date: 24 February 2020

(p. xvi) Contributors

(p. xvi) Contributors

Chadwick F. Alger is Mershon Professor of Political Science and Public Policy Emeritus, Ohio State University. He has published widely on his first‐hand research on UN organizations in New York and Geneva, local communities, and peacebuilding. He is the author of The UN System: A Reference Handbook (2006) and editor of The Future of the UN System (1998). He was President of the International Studies Association and Secretary‐General of the International Peace Research Association.

José E. Alvarez is Hamilton Fish Professor of International Law & Diplomacy and the Director of the Center on Global Legal Problems at Columbia Law School. He is President of the American Society of International Law (2006–2008), is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the US Department of State's Advisory Committee on Public International Law, and sits on the editorial boards of the American Journal of International Law and Journal of International Criminal Justice.

Michael Barnett is Harold Stassen Professor of International Affairs at the Humphrey Institute and Professor of Political Science at the University of Minnesota. He writes about international organizations, humanitarianism, international relations theory, and Middle Eastern politics. Among his books are Dialogues in Arab Politics: Negotiations in Regional Order (1998); Security Communities (1998, co‐edited with Emanuel Adler); Eyewitness to a Genocide: The United Nations and Rwanda (2002); and Rules for the World: International Organizations and World Politics (2004, with Martha Finnemore).

Yves Beigbeder was for many years a human resources official in FAO and WHO. Since his retirement in 1984, he has given courses on international organization in universities in France, Switzerland, and North America, and lectures for UNITAR. He currently acts as Legal Counsel for international civil servants in Geneva, in complaints to internal boards and administrative tribunals. He has written eighteen books and many articles on international organizations, the international civil service, and international criminal justice.

Jane Boulden holds a Canada Research Chair in International Relations and Security Studies at the Royal Military College of Canada. From 2000 until 2003 she was a MacArthur Research Fellow at the Centre for International Studies, University of Oxford. Her recent edited books include Terrorism and the UN: Before and After September 11th (with Thomas G. Weiss, 2004) and Dealing with Conflict in Africa: the United Nations and Regional Organizations (2003); and she is the author of Peace Enforcement (2001).

Charlotte Bunch is Founder and Executive Director of the Center for Women's Global Leadership, Rutgers University, and has been an activist and organizer in the women's, civil, and human rights movements for four decades. She is Distinguished Professor in Women's and Gender Studies, author of numerous essays, and has written or edited ten books. Her contributions to conceptualizing and organizing for women's human rights have been recognized by many and include her induction into the National Women's Hall of Fame in the United States.

Gian Luca Burci is Legal Counsel of the World Health Organization. For a decade before arriving in Geneva, he was a legal officer in the Office of the Legal Counsel at UN headquarters in New York and also served in the International Atomic Energy Agency. A graduate of the School of Law of the University of Genoa, he is the author of The World Health Organization (2004) and more than twenty articles on United Nations issues, peacekeeping, and international health law.

David Cortright is President of the Fourth Freedom Forum and a research fellow at the Joan B. Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies at the University of Notre Dame. He has served as consultant or adviser to several UN organizations, the Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict, the International Peace Academy, and various governments. He has written widely on nuclear disarmament, nonviolent social change, and the use of incentives and sanctions as tools of international peacemaking.

James Crawford is Whewell Professor of International Law and Director of the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law, University of Cambridge. He was a member of the Australian Law Reform Commission and the UN International Law Commission. He was responsible for the ILC's Draft Statute for an International Criminal Court and the ILC's Articles on State Responsibility. As a member of Matrix Chambers, London, he practices before the International Court of Justice and other international tribunals and is active as an international arbitrator.

Jeff Crisp has held a number of senior positions with UNHCR, including head of the organization's Evaluation and Policy Analysis Unit. He also worked as Director of Policy and Research with the Global Commission on International Migration. He has published extensively on refugee, humanitarian and migration issues, and has first‐hand experience of UN operations throughout the world.

Barbara Crossette was The New York Times United Nations bureau chief from 1994 to 2001, and earlier the paper's chief correspondent in Southeast Asia and South Asia. The author of several books on Asia, she is also a consulting editor at the United Nations Association of the United States of America, on advisory boards at the Foreign Policy Association and New York University's Center for Global Affairs, and a trustee of the Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs.

Sam Daws is Executive Director of the United Nations Association of the UK. He has served as a senior policy advisor on UN issues for 19 years, including three years as First Officer in the Executive Office of UN Secretary‐General Kofi Annan. He previously directed a Geneva based international consultancy. He undertook (p. xviii) doctoral studies on UN Security Council reform at New College, Oxford, and has been a visiting fellow at Cambridge and Yale Universities. He has co‐authored or edited six books on the UN.

Dennis Dijkzeul is Professor in the Management of Humanitarian Crises at the IFHV at Ruhr Universität Bochum and an adjunct professor at SIPA at Columbia University. His main interests concern the management of international organizations and the participation of local populations in humanitarian programs. He is the author of Supporting Local Health Care in a Chronic Crisis (2005), Between Force and Mercy: Military Action and Humanitarian Aid (2004), and Rethinking International Organizations: Pathology and Promise (2003).

Michael W. Doyle is Harold Brown Professor at Columbia University in the School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia Law School, and the Department of Political Science. His publications include Ways of War and Peace (1997), Empires (1986), UN Peacekeeping in Cambodia (1995), and Making War and Building Peace (2006). He was Assistant Secretary‐General and Special Adviser to Kofi Annan and is the UN Secretary‐General's representative on the Advisory Board of the UN Democracy Fund.

Martha Finnemore is Professor of Political Science and International Affairs at George Washington University in Washington, DC, and has written widely about global governance and international institutions. Her most recent book, Rules for the World: International Organizations in Global Politics, co‐authored with Michael Barnett, won the International Studies Association's Best Book award in 2006. She is also the author of National Interests in International Society (1996) and The Purpose of Intervention: Changing Beliefs about the Use of Force (2003).

Jacques Fomerand joined the UN Secretariat in 1977 where he followed economic, social, and coordination questions in the Department of International Economic and Social Affairs, and from 1992 to 2003 he was Director of the UN University Office in North America. He now teaches at John Jay College of the City University of New York and has published widely on matters related to the UN. His latest book is a Dictionary of the United Nations (2007).

Linda Gerber‐Stellingwerf is Research Director of the Fourth Freedom Forum. She is a participant in the joint Fourth Freedom Forum/Kroc Institute Sanctions and Security Project and the Counter‐Terrorism Evaluation Project. She has helped research, write, and edit various reports and books produced by the Fourth Freedom Forum.

Richard Goldstone is a former Justice of the Constitutional Court of South Africa and former Chief Prosecutor of the UN International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. He was a member of the UN Independent Inquiry Committee into the Oil‐for‐Food Programme (the Volcker Committee) and is co‐chair of the Human Rights Institute of the International Bar Association. He serves on the boards of a number of human rights organizations.

Leon Gordenker is Professor Emeritus of Politics at Princeton University. He has observed the United Nations system from its founding, including service in the UN Secretariat and as a consultant. His numerous publications include studies of the UN Secretary‐General, NGOs, international responses to AIDS, treatment of refugees, economic development projects, and other multilateral efforts.

Tom Grant is Research Associate of the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law, University of Cambridge. He has been a Humboldt scholar and visitor of the Max‐Planck‐Institute for Public International Law in Heidelberg and a junior research fellow of St. Anne's College, University of Oxford. He teaches and does research in international law, and is a practicing lawyer.

Fen O. Hampson is Director of Carleton University's Norman Paterson School of International Affairs. He is the author of seven books and editor of more than twenty volumes. He is a member of the board of directors of the Pearson Peacekeeping Centre, served as chair of the Human Security Track of the Helsinki Process on Globalization and Democracy and of the Working Group on International Institutions, and was International Cooperation Oversight Coordinator for the International Summit on Democracy, Terrorism, and Security.

Richard Jolly is Honorary Professor at the Institute of Development Studies, Sussex University, and Senior Research Fellow and Co‐director of the UN Intellectual History Project at the Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies, The CUNY Graduate Center. For fifteen years, he was UNICEF's deputy executive director and for five years, UNDP's principal coordinator of the Human Development Report. He has co‐authored many books, including Ahead of the Curve? (2001) and UN Contributions to Development Thinking and Practice (2004).

James O. C. Jonah is Senior Fellow at the Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies of The CUNY Graduate Center, where he received a Carnegie Corporation of New York Scholar Grant to prepare his memoirs. He served Sierra Leone as Minister of Finance, Development, and Economic Planning and as Permanent Representative to the United Nations. He was a member of the UN Secretariat from 1963 to 1994 in a variety of capacities and retired as Under‐Secretary‐General for Political Affairs.

Christer JÖnsson is Professor of Political Science at Lund University, Sweden, and served as President of the Nordic International Studies Association (NISA) 1996–99. In addition to international organization, his research interests include international negotiation, diplomacy, and the role of transnational networks in international cooperation. He has published numerous books, articles, and book chapters and is the co‐author of International Cooperation in Response to AIDS (1995) and Essence of Diplomacy (2005).

W. Andy Knight is Professor of International Relations at the University of Alberta. He co‐edited the journal, Global Governance, from 2000 to 2005 and is past Vice Chair of the Academic Council on the United Nations System. He has written and edited several books and numerous book chapters and articles on various aspects of (p. xx) multilateral governance and UN reform. His most recent book is the second edition of the edited volume Adapting the United Nations to a Postmodern Era (2001).

Keith Krause is Professor of International Politics at the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva and Director of its Programme for Strategic and International Security Studies. He is the founder and Programme Director of the Small Arms Survey project and has jointly edited its annual yearbook since 2001. He has written or edited four other books, and published more than thirty articles in journals and edited volumes. He was a Rhodes scholar at Balliol College.

MaivÂn Clech LÂm is Professor of International Law and Associate Director of the Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies at The City University of New York's Graduate Center. She serves as academic counsel to the American Indian Law Alliance and has worked on the Draft Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and in the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues. Her book on the subject is entitled At the Edge of the State: Indigenous Peoples and Self‐Determination (2000).

Jeffrey Laurenti is Senior Fellow in international affairs at The Century Foundation. He previously was Deputy Director of the United Nations and Global Security Initiative of the United Nations Foundation and Executive Director of policy studies at the United Nations Association of the United States of America. He has written numerous articles and book chapters on international politics and global policy in their UN dimensions. He served for six years as Executive Director of the New Jersey Senate and worked in numerous political campaigns, including his own.

George A. Lopez is Senior Fellow at the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies at the University of Notre Dame. Since 1992, he has written more than twenty articles, book chapters, and five books on economic sanctions, with special reference to UN sanctions on Iraq. Recent research detailing the unlikely presence of WMDs in Iraq was published in “Disarming Iraq,” Arms Control Today (2002) and “Containing Iraq: the Sanctions Worked,” Foreign Affairs (2004).

Edward C. Luck is Director of the Center on International Organization and Professor of Practice in International and Public Affairs at Columbia University. He was President of the United Nations Association of the United States of America (1984–1994) and one of the architects of the UN reform efforts from 1995 to 1997. His books include Mixed Messages: American Politics and International Organization, 1919–1999 (1999), International Law and Organization: Closing the Compliance Gap (2004), and The UN Security Council: Practice and Promise (2006).

Frank G. Madsen is Research Fellow at the Centre d'Etudes Diplomatiques et Stratégiques, Paris, France. He previously served in the UN's CIVPOL in Cyprus, headed criminal intelligence in Interpol, and directed international corporate security for a major multinational company. He has been visiting fellow at the Cambridge University Lauterpacht Research Centre for International Law and visiting researcher at Georgetown University Law Center. He is the author of Compendium (1981) and co‐author of The Intelligence Function (1991).

David M. Malone is Canada's High Commissioner to India. A former Ambassador to the UN and President of the International Peace Academy, he has written extensively about international organizations, the political economy of civil wars, the causes of conflict and conflict prevention, and US foreign policy. He is author of The UN Security Council: From the Cold War to the 21 st Century (2004) and The International Struggle for Iraq: Politics in the UN Security Council, 1980–2005 (2006).

Rama Mani is the Executive Director of ICES—the International Centre for Ethnic Studies—in Colombo, Sri Lanka. She was Director of the New Issues in Security Course at the Geneva Centre for Security Policy, senior strategy adviser to the Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue, Africa strategy manager and regional policy coordinator for conflict for Oxfam in Ethiopia and Uganda, and senior external relations adviser to the Commission on Global Governance. She is the author of Beyond Retribution: Seeking Justice in the Shadows of War (2002) and numerous articles on peacebuilding and conflict prevention, peace, and justice.

Craig N. Murphy is M. Margaret Ball Professor of International Relations at Wellesley College. He is a former President of the International Studies Association, former Chair of the Academic Council on the UN System, and founding editor of Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organization. He completed a two‐year project for the UN Development Programme researching and writing a critical history of the organization and its predecessors, The United Nations Development Programme: A Better Way? (2006).

Edward Newman is Director of Studies on Conflict and Security in the Peace and Governance Programme of the UN University. He has taught at or been associated with Shumei University, Aoyama Gakuin University, Tokyo University, and Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris (Sciences Po). He is the author of The UN Secretary‐General from the Cold War to the New Era: A Global Peace and Security Mandate? (1998) as well as numerous articles and edited volumes.

Roland Paris is Associate Professor of Public and International Affairs at the University of Ottawa and author of At War's End: Building Peace After Civil Conflict (2004). Previously, he served as a foreign policy adviser in the Privy Council Office of the Canadian government, Director of Research at The Conference Board of Canada, and Assistant Professor at the University of Colorado, Boulder.

Christopher K. Penny is Assistant Professor of International Law, and Deputy Director, Centre for Security and Defence Studies, at the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, Carleton University, located in Ottawa, Canada. His teaching and research focus on international law and conflict, addressing state and organizational decisions to use force, including the role of the Security Council and the “responsibility to protect,” as well as the legal regime governing the conduct of resulting hostilities.

M. J. Peterson is Professor of Political Science at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. She has been a member of the editorial committee of Global Governance since 1994, was the editor of Polity in 1994–1999, and was a member of the Council of the American Society of International Law in 1998–2001. She is the author of books on the (p. xxii) UN General Assembly, multilateral management of Antarctica, and regimes for outer space, and of several journal articles on international institutions or multilateral resource management.

Michael Pugh is Professor of Peace and Conflict Studies, Peace Studies Department, University of Bradford, where he leads a research program on the transformation of war economies. He co‐authored War Economies in a Regional Context (2004) and has written extensively on peacekeeping and peacebuilding. He founded and continues to edit the refereed journal International Peacekeeping, and the Cass Peacekeeping book series.

Bertrand G. Ramcharan is Professor of International Human Rights Law at the Geneva Graduate Institute of International Studies and Chancellor of the University of Guyana. He was Deputy and then Acting UN High Commissioner for Human Rights before retiring. He was Political Adviser with the international peacemakers and peacekeepers in the former Yugoslavia, Director of DPA's Africa Division, and head speech‐writer for the Secretary‐General. He is the author of several books on international law and human rights and is currently writing a volume on UN preventive diplomacy.

Gert Rosenthal is an economist who became Guatemala's Foreign Minister in mid‐2006. He held cabinet‐level posts in his government before joining the United Nations Secretariat, where he rose to become Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean between 1988 and 1997. He also dealt with the United Nations from the intergovernmental side as Guatemala's Permanent Representative from 1999 to 2004. He was President of ECOSOC in 2003. He has written numerous articles on development issues and on the UN.

Nicholas Sambanis is Associate Professor of Political Science at Yale University. He is the co‐author of Making War and Building Peace (2006) and co‐editor of Understanding Civil War: Evidence and Analysis (2005), case studies published by the World Bank. His articles have appeared in the American Political Science Review, World Politics, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Perspectives on Politics, and Journal of African Economies. He is currently working on a book on the causes of self‐determination movements and secessionist civil war.

Nico Schrijver is Professor of International Law at Leiden University and the academic director of the Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies at its Campus in The Hague. He is President of the Netherlands Society of International Law and former Chair of the Academic Council on the UN System. He appeared as Counsel before the International Court of Justice and other international tribunals. He has co‐authored or edited five books on the United Nations.

Waheguru Pal Singh Sidhu is Director of the New Issues in Security Course at the Geneva Centre for Security Policy. He was formerly Senior Associate at the International Peace Academy and co‐editor of International Peacekeeping. He has written extensively on regionalism and the UN as well as arms control and Asian politics. He is the co‐editor of The Iraq Crisis and World Order: Structural, Institutional and Normative (p. xxiii) Challenges (2006), Arms Control after Iraq: Normative and Operational Challenges (2006), and The United Nations and Regional Security: Europe and Beyond (2003).

Ramesh Thakur is Senior Vice‐Rector of the United Nations University and Assistant Secretary‐General of the United Nations. Born in India, he has held full‐time academic appointments in Fiji, New Zealand, and Australia and visiting appointments elsewhere. He was a commissioner on the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty and principal writer of the UN Secretary‐General's second reform report. He is the author/editor of over twenty books and also writes regularly for the national and international quality press.

Paul Wapner is Director of the Global Environmental Politics Program and Associate Professor in the School of International Service at American University in Washington, DC. He is the author of Environmental Activism and World Civic Politics (1996, winner of the Harold and Margaret Sprout Award) and co‐editor of Principled World Politics: The Challenge of Normative International Relations (2000). He is presently at work on a book focusing on the concept of nature in environmental politics.

Thomas G. Weiss is Presidential Professor of Political Science at The CUNY Graduate Center and Director of the Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies, where he is co‐director of the United Nations Intellectual History Project. He is the president of the International Studies Association (2009–10) and chair of the Academic Council on the UN System (2006–9) and the former editor of its journal, Global Governance. He has written or edited some 35 books and 150 articles about multilateral approaches to international peace and security, humanitarian action, and sustainable development.

Ralph Wilde is Reader in Laws at University College London and a specialist in international law. His current research focuses on territorial administration by foreign actors, and his book on the subject is International Territorial Administration (2007). He is Joint Secretary of the British branch of the International Law Association, and a member of the Executive Councils of the ILA and the American Society of International Law.

Ngaire Woods is Director of the Global Economic Governance Programme at University College, Oxford University where she is also Dean of Graduates. Her most recent book is The Globalizers: The IMF, the World Bank, and their Borrowers (2006). She has served as Adviser to the UNDP's Human Development Report, and more recently as External Evaluator of the IMF's Independent Evaluation Office. She has published extensively on international institutions, globalization, and governance.