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date: 28 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article explores the historical and current intricacies of cooperation across the various specialized agencies. The article also examines the special programs and funds of the UN's extended development system. These identify several structural difficulties that are mixed with conventional bureaucratic politics and turf-consciousness. The article highlights the autonomy of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) that make the Bretton Woods institutions distinct from the UN system, despite being shown as linked components in the organizational chart.

Keywords: cooperation, special programs, extended development system, structural difficulties, bureaucratic policies, turf-consciousness, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Bretton Woods institutions

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