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(p. 716) Suggested Further Reading

(p. 716) Appendix 1 Suggested Further Reading

Any brief selection of readings is necessarily subjective. Moreover, many of the topics in this Handbook overlap and are mutually reinforcing; and we list sources here under one heading when, in fact, they inform several topics. The endnotes for each chapter, however, contain more authoritative recommendations about specialized readings for each topic. Here, as editors, we select a handful of more general works that should be readily available in most research libraries. In this regard, we steer clear of electronic sources because they often change. Moreover, we avoid a comprehensive list of ‘classics’—which would have been too lengthy and many of them dated—and instead we emphasize recent treatments that we ourselves judge to be up‐to‐date overviews of the subject matter. This list has the additional advantage that we are not bashful about citing the work of our contributors, who might be reluctant to do so.

Part II: Theoretical Frameworks

2. Political Approaches

Baldwin, David, ed. 1993. Neorealism and Neoliberalism: The Contemporary Debate. New York: Columbia University Press.

Barnett, Michael, and Martha Finnemore. 2005. Rules for the World: International Organizations in Global Politics. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Bull, Hedley. 1977. The Anarchical Society. New York: Columbia University Press.

Holsti, Kalevi J. 2004. Taming the Sovereigns: Institutional Change in International Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Karns, Margaret P., and Karen A. Mingst. 2004. International Organizations: The Politics and Processes of Global Governance. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner.

Krasner, Stephen D., ed. 1983. International Regimes. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

—— 1999. Sovereignty: Organized Hypocrisy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Pearson, Frederic S., and J. Martin Rochester, 1997. International Relations: The Global Condition in the Twenty‐First Century, 4th edn. New York: McGraw‐Hill.

Rosenau, James N., and Ernst‐Otto Czempiel. 1992. Governance without Government: Order and Change in World Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ruggie, John Gerard, ed. 1993. Multilateralism Matters: The Theory and Praxis of an Institutional Form. New York: Columbia University Press.

Wendt, Alexander. 1999. Social Theory of International Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

3. Legal Perspectives

Alvarez, José E. 2005. International Organizations as Lawmakers. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Byers, Michael, ed. 2000. The Role of Law in International Politics: Essays in International Relations and International Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

(p. 717)

Cassese, Antonio. 2004. International Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Franck, Thomas M. 1995. Fairness in International Law and Institutions. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Goldsmith, Jack L., and Eric A. Posner. 2004. The Limits of International Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Higgins, Rosalyn 1994. Problems and Process: International Law and How We Use It. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Joyner, Christopher C., ed. 1997. The United Nations and International Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Kirgis, Frederic L. Jr., 1993. International Organizations in Their Legal Setting. 2nd edn. St. Paul: West.

Reus‐Smit, Christian, ed. 2004. The Politics of International Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Rochester, J. Martin. 2006. Between Peril and Promise: The Politics of International Law. Washington, DC: CQ Press.

Sands, Philippe, and Philippe Klein, eds. 2001. Bowett's Law of International Institutions. 5th edn. London: Sweet & Maxwell.

Simma, Bruno, ed. 2002. The Charter of the United Nations: A Commentary. 2nd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

White, N. D. 1996. The Law of International Organisations. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

4. Evolution in Knowledge

Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations, published quarterly, since 1995.

Haas, Ernst B. 1990. When Knowledge Is Power: Three Models of Change in International Organization. Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Hajnal, Peter I., ed. 1997–2001. International Information: Documents, Publications and Electronic Information of International Governmental Organizations. Engelwood, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited, 2 vols.

International Organization, published quarterly, since 1947. Jackson, Robert. 2000. The Global Covenant: Human Conduct in a World of States. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kennedy, Paul. 2006. The Parliament of Man: The Past, Present, and Future of the United Nations. New York: Random House.

Philpott, Daniel. 2001. Revolutions in Sovereignty: How Ideas Shaped Modern International Relations. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Part III: Principal Organs

5. General Assembly

Alker, Hayward R. Jr., and Bruce M. Russett. 1965. World Politics in the General Assembly. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Bailey, Sydney D. 1964. The General Assembly of the United Nations. Dunmow: Pall Mall Press.

Kaufmann, Johan. 1988. Conference Diplomacy: An Introductory Analysis. 2nd rev. edn. Dordrecht: Nijhoff.

Moynihan, Daniel Patrick. 1990. On the Law of Nations. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Peterson, M. J. 2005. The UN General Assembly. London: Routledge.

Schechter, Michael G. 2005. United Nations Global Conferences. London: Routledge.

UN Association of the USA, A Global Agenda: Issues before the General Assembly of the United Nations. New York: UNA—USA, published annually in September.

(p. 718) 6. Security Council

Bailey, Sydney D., and Sam Daws. 1998. The Procedure of the UN Security Council. 3rd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Blokker, Niels, and Nico Schrijver, eds. 2005. The Security Council and the Use of Force: Theory and Reality—A Need for Change? Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff.

De Wet, Erika. 2004. The Chapter VII Powers of the Security Council. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Finnemore, Martha. 2003. The Purpose of Intervention: Changing Beliefs about the Use of Force. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Luck, Edward C. 2006. The UN Security Council: Practice and Promise. London: Routledge.

—— and Michael W. Doyle, eds. 2004. International Law and Organization: Closing the Compliance Gap. Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers.

Malone, David M., ed. 2004. The UN Security Council: From the Cold War to the 21st Century. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner.

Price, Richard M., and Mark W. Zacher, eds. 2004. The United Nations and Global Security. New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2004.

Weiss, Thomas G. 2005. Overcoming the Security Council Impasse: The Implausible Versus the Plausible, Occasional Paper No. 14. Berlin: Friedrich—Ebert—Stiftung.

7. Economic and Social Council

Arnold, Tim. 1995. Reforming the UN: Its Economic Role. London: The Royal Institute of International Affairs.

Fromuth, Peter, ed. 1988. A Successor Vision: The United Nations of Tomorrow. Lanham, Md: University Press of America, Inc.

Independent Working Group on the Future of the United Nations. 1995. Agenda for Change: New Tasks for the United Nations. New York: Ford Foundation.

Jolly, Richard, L. Emmerij, Dharam Ghai, and Frédéric Lapeyre. 2004. UN Contributions to Development Thinking and Practice. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Nordic UN Reform Project. 1996. The United Nations in Development: Strengthening the UN Through Change: Fulfilling its Economic and Social Mandate. Stockholm: The Nordic UN Reform Project.

Rosenthal, Gert. 2005. The Economic and Social Council of the United Nations, Occasional Paper No. 15. Berlin: Friedrich—Ebert—Stiftung.

8. Trusteeship Council

Chesterman, Simon. 2004. You, The People: The United Nations, Transitional Administration and State‐Building. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Chowdhuri, Ramendra N. 1955. International Mandates and Trusteeship System: A Comparative Study. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.

Crawford, James. 2006. The Creation of States in International Law, 2nd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hall, H. Duncan. 1948. Mandates, Dependencies and Trusteeship. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff.

Narayan, C. V. L. 1951. United Nations' Trusteeship of Non‐Self‐Governing Territories. Paris: Imprimeries populaires.

9. Secretariat: Independence and Reform

Ameri, Houshang. 2003. Fraud, Wastes and Abuse: Aspects of UN Management and Personnel Policies. New York: University Press of America.

Beigbeder, Yves. 1997. The Internal Management of United Nations Organizations: the Long Quest for Reform. Houndmills, Basingstoke, UK: Macmillan Press.

(p. 719)

Dijkzeul, Dennis. 1997. The Management of Multilateral Organizations. The Hague: Kluwer.

Gordenker, Leon. 2005. The Secretary‐General and Secretariat. London: Routledge.

Graham, Norman A., and Robert S. Jordan, eds. 1980. The International Civil Service: Changing Role and Concepts. New York: Pergamon.

Langrod, George. 1963. The International Civil Service: Its Origins, Its Nature, Its Evolution. New York: Oceana Publications Inc.

Mathiason, John. 2007. Invisible Governance: International Secretariats in Global Politics. Bloomfield, Conn.: Kumarian Press, Inc.

Meyer, Jeffrey A., and Mark G. Califano. 2006. Good Intentions Corrupted: The Oil‐for‐Food Scandal and the Threat to the UN. New York: Public Affairs.

Mouritzen, Hans. 1990. The International Civil Service: A Study of Bureaucracy—International Organizations. Aldershot, NH: Dartmouth.

Ranshofen‐Wertheimer, Egon. 1945. The International Secretariat: A Great Experiment in International Administration. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment.

Weiss, Thomas G. 1975. International Bureaucracy: An Analysis of the Operation of Functional and Global International Secretariats. Lexington, Mass.: DC Heath and Company.

10. Secretary‐General

Chesterman, Simon, ed. 2007. Secretary or General? The UN Secretary‐General in World Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Newman, Edward. 1998. The UN Secretary‐General from the Cold War to the New Era: A Global Peace and Security Mandate? London: Macmillan.

Rivlin, Benjamin J., and Leon Gordenker, eds. 1993. The Challenging Role of the UN Secretary‐General: Making the ‘Most Impossible Job in the World’ Possible. Westport, Conn.: Praeger.

Urquhart, Brian, and Erskine Childers. 1990. A World in Need of Leadership: Tomorrow's United Nations. Uppsala: Hammarskjöld Foundation.

Vance, Cyrus R., and David A. Hamburg. 1997. Pathfinders for Peace: A Report to the UN Secretary‐General on the Role of Special Representatives and Personal Envoys. Washington, DC: Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict.

11. International Court of Justice

Boisson de Chazournes, and Philippe Sands, eds. 1999. International Law, the International Court of Justice and Nuclear Weapons. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Damrosch, Lori Fisler. 1987. The International Court of Justice at a Crossroads. Dobbs Ferry, NY: Transnational Publishers.

Eyffinger, Arthur. 1996. The International Court of Justice 1946–1996. The Hague: Kluwer Law International.

Lowe, Vaughan, and Malgosia Fitzmaurice, eds. 1996. Fifty Years of the International Court of Justice: Essays in Honour of Sir Robert Jennings. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Rosenne, Shabtai. 1983. Procedure in the International Court: A Commentary on the 1978 Rules of the International Court of Justice. The Hague: Nijhoff.

Schachter, Oscar, and Christopher C. Joyner, eds. 1995. United Nations Legal Order. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Shahabuddeen, Mohamed. 1996. Precedent in the World Court. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Part IV: Relationships with Other Actors

12. Regional Groups and Alliances

Boulden, Jane, ed. 2003. Dealing With Conflict in Africa: The United Nations and Regional Organizations. London: Palgrave.

(p. 720)

Challenges Project. 2005. Meeting the Challenges of Peace Operations: Cooperation and Coordination. Stockholm, Elanders Gotab.

Fawcett, Louise, and Andrew Hurrell, eds. 1995. Regionalism in World Politics: Regional Organizations and World Order. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Pugh, Michael, and Waheguru Pal Singh Sidhu, eds. 2003. The United Nations and Regional Security: Europe and Beyond. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner.

Weiss, Thomas G., ed. 1998. Beyond UN Subcontracting: Task‐Sharing with Regional Security Arrangements and Service‐Providing NGOs. London: Macmillan.

13. Bretton Woods Institutions

Birdsall, Nancy, and John Williamson. 2002. Delivering on Debt Relief: From IMF Gold to a New Aid Architecture. Washington, DC: Institute of International Economics.

Boughton, James. 2001. The Silent Revolution: The IMF 1979–1989. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund.

Blustein, Paul. 2001. The Chastening: Inside the Crisis that Rocked the Global Financial System and Humbled the IMF. New York: Public Affairs.

Bøås, Morten, and Desmond McNeill. 2004. Global Institutions and Development: Framing the World? London: Routledge.

Caufield, Catherine. 1997. Masters of Illusion: the World Bank and the Poverty of Nations. New York: Henry Holt.

Haq, Mahbub ul, Richard Jolly, Paul Streeten, and Khadija Haq, eds. 1995. The UN and the Bretton Woods Institutions: New Challenges for the Twenty‐First Century. London: Macmillan.

Harold, James. 1996. International Monetary Cooperation since Bretton Woods. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hoekman, Bernard, and Petros Mavroidis. 2007. The World Trade Organization: Law, Economics and Politics. London: Routledge.

Jackson, John H. 1998. The World Trade Organization: Constitution and Jurisprudence. London: Royal Institute of International Affairs.

Kapur, Devesh, John P. Lewis, and Richard Webb. 1997. The World Bank: Its First Half Century. 2 vols. Washington, DC: Brookings.

Rahman, Maahfuzur. 2002. World Economic Issues at the United Nations: Half a Century of Debate. Dordrecht: Kluwer.

Stiglitz, Joseph. 2002. Globalization and its Discontents. New York: Norton.

Toye, John, and Richard Toye. 2004. The UN and Global Political Economy: Trade, Finance, and Development. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Truman, Edwin M. 2006. A Strategy for IMF Reform. Washington, DC: Institute for International Economics.

Vreeland, James. 2007. The International Monetary Fund: Politics of Conditional Lending. London: Routledge.

Woods, Ngaire. 2006. The Globalizers: The IMF, the World Bank, and their Borrowers. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

14. Civil Society

Charnovitz, Steve. 1997. Two Centuries of Participation: NGOs and International Governance, special issue of Michigan Journal of International Law 18.2.

Eberly, Don, ed. 2000. The Essential Civil Society Reader: The Classical Essays. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield. (p. 721) Edwards, Michael, and David Hulme, eds. 1992. Making a Difference: NGOs and Development in a Changing World. London: Earthscan.

Finnemore, Martha, and Kathryn Sikkink. 1998. Activists Beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Florini, Ann, ed. 2000. The Third Force: The Rise of Transnational Civil Society. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

Glasius, Marlies, Mary Kaldor, and Helmut Anheier, eds. 2003. Global Civil Society 2003. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Martens, Kersten. 2005. NGOs and the United Nations: Institutionalization, Professionalization and Adaptation. Houndmills, Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Panel of Eminent Persons on United Nations‐Civil Society Relations. 2004. We the People: Civil Society, the United Nations and Global Governance, UN document A/58/817.

Singer, Peter. 2004. One World: The Ethics of Globalization. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2nd ed.

Wapner, Paul. 1996. Environmental Activism and World Civic Politics. Albany, NY: State University Press.

Weiss, Thomas G., and Leon Gordenker, eds. 1996. NGOs, the UN, and Global Governance. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

15. Private Sector

Bruce Hall, Rodney, and Thomas J. Biersteker, eds. 2002. The Emergence of Private Authority in Global Governance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dunning, John H., ed. 2003. Making Globalization Good: The Moral Challenge of Global Capitalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Murphy, Craig N. 1994. International Organization and Industrial Change: Global Governance since 1850. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Murphy, Dale D. 2004. The Structure of Regulatory Competition: Corporations and Public Policy in a Global Economy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Nelson, Jane. 2002. Building Partnerships between the United Nations System and the Private Sector. New York: United Nations.

Preston, Lee E., and Duane Windsor. 1997. The Rules of the Game in the Global Economy: Policy Regimes for International Business, 2nd edition. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Robinson, William I. 2004. A Theory of Global Capitalism: Production, Class, and the State in a Transnational World. Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Sagafi‐Nejad, Tagi, with John Dunning. 2008 (forthcoming). The UN and Transnationals, from Code to Compact. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Schmidheiny, Stephan. 1992. Changing Course: A Global Perspective on Business and the Environment. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Wilkinson, Rorden. 2006. The WTO: Crisis and the Governance of Global Trade. London: Routledge.

16. Media

Alleyne, Mark D. 2003. Global Lies? Propaganda, the UN and World Order. Houndmills, Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Eckhard, Frederic, ed. 2005. Speaking for the Secretary General—A History of the UN Spokesman's Office. New York: United Nations.

Gowing, Nik. 1997. Media Coverage: Help or Hindrance in Conflict Prevention? New York: Carnegie Commission on the Prevention of Deadly Conflict. (p. 722) Lehmann, Ingrid. 1999. Peacekeeping and Public Information: Caught in the Crossfire. London: Frank Cass Series on Peacekeeping.

Minear, Larry, Colin Scott, and Thomas G. Weiss. 1996. The News Media, Civil War, and Humanitarian Action. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Strobel, Warren. 1997. Late Breaking Foreign Policy: The News Media's Influence on Peace Operations. Washington, DC: United States Institute for Peace Press.

Part V: International Peace and Security

17. Disarmament

Boothby, Derek. 2002. The United Nations and Disarmament. New Haven, Conn.: Academic Council on the UN System.

Burns, Richard Dean, ed. 1993. Encyclopedia of Arms Control and Disarmament. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.

Butler, Richard. 2000. The Greatest Threat: Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, and the Crisis of Global Security. New York: Public Affairs.

Fischer, David. 1997. History of the International Atomic Energy Agency: The First Forty Years. Vienna: IAEA.

Krasno, Jean E., and James S. Sutterlin. 2003. The United Nations and Iraq: Defanging the Viper. Westport, Conn: Praeger.

18. Peaceful Settlement of Disputes and Conflict Prevention

Axelrod, Robert. 1984. The Evolution of Cooperation. New York: Basic Books.

Bercovitch, Jacob, ed. 1996. Resolving International Conflicts: The Theory and Practice of Mediation. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner.

Carnegie Commission on the Prevention of Deadly Conflict. 1997. Preventing Deadly Conflict. New York: Carnegie Corporation.

Crocker, Chester A., Fen O. Hampson, and Pamela R. Aall, eds. 1999. Herding Cats: Multiparty Mediation in a Complex World. Washington, DC: United States Institute for Peace Press.

Darby, John, and R. Macginty, eds. 2003. Contemporary Peacemaking: Conflict, Violence and Peace Processes. Houndmills, Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave‐Macmillan.

Evans, Gareth. 1993. Cooperation for Peace: The Global Agenda for the 1990s and Beyond. St. Leonards: Allen and Unwin.

Hampson, Fen Osler. 1996. Nurturing Peace: Why Peace Settlements Succeed or Fail. Washington, DC: US Institute of Peace Press.

Hampson, Fen Osler, and David M. Malone, eds. 2002. From Reaction to Conflict Prevention: Opportunities for the UN System. Boulder, Colo: Lynne Rienner.

Hauss, Charles. 2001. InternationalCconflict Resolution: International Relations for the 21st Century. New York: Continuum.

Merrills, J. G. 2005. International Dispute Settlement. 4th edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Miall, Hugh. 1992. The Peacemakers: Peaceful Settlement of Disputes since 1945. New York: St. Martin's Press.

Oye, Kenneth, ed. 1986. Cooperation under Anarchy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Peck, Connie. 1998. Sustainable Peace: The Role of the UN and Regional Organizations in Preventing Conflict. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield.

Ramcharan, Bertrand G. 2008 (forthcoming). Preventive Diplomacy at the UN: A Journey of an Idea. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. (p. 723) Rubin, Barnett R. 2002. Blood on the Doorstep: The Politics of Preventive Action. Washington, DC: The Brookings Press.

Sriram, Chandra Lekha, and Karin Wermester, eds. 2003. From Promise to Practice: Strengthening UN Capacities for the Prevention of Violent Conflict. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner.

Stedman, Stephen John, Donal Rothchild, and Elizabeth M. Cousens, eds. 2002. Ending Civil Wars: The Implementation of Peace Agreements. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner.

Williams, Abiodun, ed. 1992. Many Voices: Multilateral Negotiations in the World Arena. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.

Zartman, I. William, and J. Lewis Rasmussen, eds. 1997. Peacemaking in International Conflict: Methods and Techniques. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press.

19. Peacekeeping Operations

Alan, James. Peacekeeping in International Politics. 1990. London: Macmillan.

Center on International Cooperation. Annual Review of Global Peace Operations. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner, published annually, since 2006.

Diehl, Paul F. 1993. International Peacekeeping. Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Doyle, Michael W., and Nicholas Sambanis. 2006. Making War and Building Peace: United Nations Peace Operations. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Durch, William J., ed. 1996. Peacekeeping, American Policy, and the Uncivil Wars of the 1990s. New York: St. Martins.

Higgins, Rosalyn. 1969. United Nations Peacekeeping 1946–1967: Documents and Commentary. London: Oxford University Press.

International Peacekeeping, published quarterly, since 1994.

Ramsbotham, Oliver, and Tom Woodhouse. 1999. Encyclopedia of International Peacekeeping Operations. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC‐CLIO.

Ruggie, John Gerard. 1993. The United Nations Stuck in a Fog Between Peacekeeping and Peace Enforcement, McNair Paper 25. Washington, DC: National Defense University.

20. Sanctions

Baldwin, David. 1985. Economic Statecraft. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Brzoska, Michael, ed. 2001. Design and Implementation of the Arms Embargoes and Travel and Aviation Related Sanctions: Results of the ‘Bonn‐Berlin Process.’ Bonn: Bonn International Center for Conversion.

Conlon, Paul. 2000. United Nations Sanctions Management: A Case Study of the Iraq Sanctions Committee, 1990–1994. Ardsley, NY: Transnational Publishers.

Cortright, David, and George A. Lopez, eds. 2002. Smart Sanctions: Targeting Economic Statecraft. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield.

Cortright, David, and George A. Lopez, eds. 2000. The Sanctions Decade: Assessing UN Strategies in the 1990s. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner.

Doxey, Margaret P. 1987. International Sanctions in Contemporary Perspective. New York: St. Martin's Press.

Growlland‐Debbas, Vera, ed. 2001. United Nations Sanctions and International Law. The Hague: Kluwer Law International.

Hufbauer, Gary C., Jeffrey J. Schott, and Kimberly A. Elliott. 1990. Economic Sanctions Reconsidered: History and Current Policy. 2nd edn. Washington, DC: Institute for International Economics.

Martin, Lisa. 1992. Coercive Cooperation: Explaining Multilateral Economic Sanctions. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. (p. 724) Wallensteen, Peter, and C. Staibano, eds. 2005. International Sanctions: Between Words and Wars in the Global System. New York: Frank Cass.

—— —— and Mikael Eriksson, eds. 2003. Making Targeted Sanctions Effective: Guidelines for the Implementation of UN Policy Options. Uppsala, Sweden: Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University.

21. Peace Enforcement

Adebajo, Adekeye, and Chandra L. Sriram, eds. 2001. Managing Armed Conflicts in the 21st Century. London: Frank Cass.

Bellamy, Alex J., and Paul Williams, eds. 2004. Peace Operations and Global Order. London: Frank Cass.

Dallaire, Roméo A. 2003. Shake Hands with the Devil. The Failure of Humanity in Rwanda. Toronto: Random House.

Debrix, François. 1997. (Re)Envisioning Peacekeeping: The United Nations and the Mobilization of Ideology. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press Borderlines Series.

Holt, Victoria K., and Tobias C. Berkman, 2007. The Impossible Mandate? Military Preparedness, the Responsibility to Protect, and Modern Peace Operations. Washington, D.C.: The Henry L. Stimson Center.

Huldt, Bo, Annika Hilding, and Arita Eriksson. 1998. Challenges of Peace Support into the 21st Century. Stockholm: Försvarshögskolans ACTA B9, Strategic Institute, Swedish National Defence College.

Malone, David M. 2006. The International Struggle over Iraq: Politics and the UN Security Council 1980–2005. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Sarooshi, Danesh. 1999. The United Nations and the Development of Collective Security: The Delegation by the Security Council of its Chapter VII Powers. Oxford: Clarendon University Press.

22. Humanitarian Intervention

Annan, Kofi A. 1999. The Question of Intervention: Statements by the Secretary‐General. New York: United Nations Department of Public Information. Chesterman, Simon. 2001. Just War? Just Peace? Humanitarian Intervention and International Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Crawford, Neta. 2002. Argument and Change in World Politics: Ethics, Decolonization and Humanitarian Intervention. New York: Cambridge University Press.

International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty. 2001. The Responsibility to Protect. Ottawa: ICISS.

Lepard, Brian D. 2002. Rethinking Humanitarian Intervention. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press.

Moore, Jonathan, ed. 1998. Hard Choices: Moral Dilemmas in Humanitarian Intervention. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Murphy, Sean D. 1996. Humanitarian Intervention: The United Nations in an Evolving World Order. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Tesón Fernando. 2005. Humanitarian Intervention: An Inquiry into Law and Morality. 3rd edn. Ardsley, NY: Transaction Publishers.

Thakur, Ramesh. 2006. The United Nations, Peace and Security: From Collective Security to the Responsibility to Protect. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Weiss, Thomas G. 2007. Humanitarian Intervention: Ideas in Action. Cambridge: Polity Press. (p. 725) —— 2005. Military—Civilian Interactions: Humanitarian Crises and the Responsibility to Protect. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield.

—— and Don Hubert. 2001. The Responsibility to Protect: Research, Bibliography, and Background. Ottawa: International Development Research Centre.

Welsh, Jennifer M., ed. 2004. Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Wheeler, Nicholas J. 2000. Saving Strangers: Humanitarian Intervention in International Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

23. Post‐Conflict Peacebuilding

Berger, Mark T., ed. 2006. From Nation‐Building to State‐Building. Special issue of Third World Quarterly 27, no 1.

Call, Charles T., with Vanessa Hawkins Wyeth, eds. 2006 forthcoming. Building States to Build Peace. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner.

Caplan, Richard. 2005. International Governance of War‐Torn Territories: Rule and Reconstruction. New York: Oxford University Press.

Chesterman, Simon, ed. 2004. Civilians in War. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner.

—— 2004. You, the People: The United Nations, Transitional Administration, and State‐building. New York: Oxford University Press.

—— Michael Ignatieff, and Ramesh Thakur, eds. 2005. State Failure and the Crisis of Governance: Making States Work. Tokyo: UN University Press.

Collier, Paul, Lance Elliot, Håvard Hegre, Anke Hoeffler, Marta Reynal‐Querol, and N. Sambanis. 2003. Breaking the Conflict Trap: Civil War and Development Policy. Washington, DC: World Bank.

Cousens, Elizabeth M., Krishna Kumar, and Karin Wermester, eds. 2000. Peacebuilding as Politics. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner.

Dobbins, James, et al. 2005. The UN's Role in Nation Building: From the Congo to Iraq. Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND Corporation.

Donini, Antonio, Norah Niland, and Karen Wermester. 2004. Nation‐Building Unraveled? Aid, Peace and Justice in Afghanistan. Bloomfield, Conn.: Kumarian.

Forman, Shepard, and Stewart Patrick, eds. 2000. Good Intentions: Pledges of Aid for Postconflict Recovery. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner.

Hoffman, Peter J., and Thomas G. Weiss. 2006. Sword & Salve: Confronting New Wars and Humanitarian Crises. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield.

Jeong, Ho‐Won. 2005. Peacebuilding in Postconflict Societies. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner.

Keating, Tom, and W. Andy Knight, eds. 2004. Building Sustainable Peace. Tokyo: United Nations University Press.

Kumar, Krishna, ed. 1997. Rebuilding Societies after Civil War: Critical Roles for International Assistance. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner.

Paris, Roland. 2004. At War's End: Building Peace After Civil Conflict. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Roeder, Philip, and Donald Rothchild, eds. 2005. Sustainable Peace: Power and Deomcracy after Civil Wars. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Stedman, Stephen John, Donald Rothchild, and Elizabeth M. Cousens, eds. 2002. Ending Civil Wars: The Implementation of Peace Agreements. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Stiefel, Mattias. 1999. Rebuilding After War: Lessons From WSP. Geneva: War‐torn Societies Project.

Tschirgi, Neclâ. 2004. Post‐Conflict Peacebuilding Revisited: Achievements, Limitations, Challenges. New York: International Peace Academy.

(p. 726) 24. Terrorism

Boulden Jane, and Thomas G. Weiss, eds. 2003. The UN and Terrorism: Before and After September 11. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Cortright, David, George A. Lopez, Alistair Miller, and Linda Gerber. 2004. An Action Agenda for Enhancing the United Nations Program on Counter‐Terrorism. Goshen, Ind.: Fourth Freedom Forum.

Crenshaw, Martha, ed. 1983. Terrorism, Legitimacy, and Power: The Consequences of Political Violence. Middletown, Conn.: Wesleyan University Press.

O'Sullivan, Meghan. 2003. Shrewd Sanctions: Statecraft and State Sponsors of Terrorism. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.

Talbott, Strobe, and Nayan Chanda, eds. An Age of Terror: America and the World After September 11. New York: Basic Books.

Wilkinson, Paul. 2000. Terrorism versus Democracy: The Liberal State Response. London: Frank Cass.

Part VI: Human Rights

25. Norms and Machinery

Alston, Philip, and Frederic Megret, eds. 2005. The United Nations and Human Rights: A Critical Appraisal. 2nd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bailey, Sydney D. 1994. The UN Security Council and Human Rights. New York: St. Martin's Press.

Coicaud, Jean‐Marc, Michael W. Doyle, and Anne‐Marie Gardner, eds. 2003. The Globalization of Human Rights: The United Nations System in the Twenty‐first Century. Tokyo: United Nations University Press.

Donnelly, Jack. 1989. Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Dunne, Tim, and Nicholas J. Wheeler, eds. 1999. Human Rights in Global Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Falk, Richard. 2000. Human Rights Horizons: Tthe Pursuit of Justice in a Globalizing World. New York: Routledge.

Lauren, Paul Gordon. 2003. The Evolution of International Human Rights: Visions Seen. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Mertus, Julie. 2005. The United Nations and Human Rights: A Guide for a New Era. London: Routledge.

Ramcharan, Bertrand G. 2002. The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights: The Challenges of International Protection. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff.

—— ed. 2006. Human Rights Protection in the Field. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff.

Risse, Thomas, Stephen C. Ropp, and Kathryn Sikkink, eds. 1999. The Power of Human Rights: International Norms and Domestic Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Steiner, Henry and Philip Alston, eds. 2000. International Human Rights in Context: Law, Politics, Morals. 2nd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Tomuschat, Christian. 2003. Human Rights: Between Idealism and Realism. New York: Oxford University Press.

Zaidi, Sarah, and Roger Norman. 2007 (forthcoming). Human Rights Ideas at the United Nations: The Political History of Universal Justice. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

26. International Criminal Court and Ad Hoc Tribunals

Bass, Gary Jonathan. 2000. Stay the Hand of Vengeance: The Politics of War Crimes Tribunals. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. (p. 727) Bouchet‐Saulnier, Françoise. 2002. The Practical Guide to Humanitarian Law. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield.

Broomhall, Bruce. 2003. International Justice & The International Criminal Court; Between Sovereignty & the Rule of Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Macedo, Stephen, ed. 2001. The Princeton Principles on Universal Jurisdiction. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Minow, Martha. 1998. Between Vengeance and Forgiveness: Facing History after Genocide and Mass Violence. Boston: Beacon Press.

Ratner, Steven R., and James L. Bischoff, eds. 2004. International War Crimes Trials: Making a Difference? Austin: University of Texas Law School.

Roberts, Adam, and Richard Guelff, eds. 2000. Documents on the Laws of War. 3rd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Stover, Eric and Harvey M. Weinstein, eds. 2004. My Neighbor, My Enemy: Justice and Community in the Aftermath of Mass Atrocity. New York: Cambridge University Press.

27. Humanitarian Action and Coordination

Barnett, Michael, and Thomas G. Weiss, eds. 2008 (forthcoming). Humanitarianism in Question: Politics, Power, Ethics. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Byers, Michael. 2005. War Law: Understanding International Law and Armed Conflict. New York: Grove Press.

Cronin, Bruce. 2003. Institutions for the Common Good: International Protection Regimes in International Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Forsythe, David P. 2005. The Humanitarians: The International Committee of the Red Cross. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Helton, Arthur. 2002. The Price of Indifference: Refugees and Humanitarian Action in the New Century. New York: Oxford University Press.

Kennedy, David. 2004. The Dark Sides of Virtue: Reassessing International Humanitarianism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Loescher, Gil. 2001. The UNHCR and World Politics: A Perilous Path. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Minear, Larry. 2002. The Humanitarian Enterprise: Dilemmas & Discoveries. Bloomfield, Conn.: Kumarian.

Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. 2004. The Humanitarian Decade: Challenges for Humanitarian Assistance in the Last Decade and into the Future. 2 vols. New York: UN.

Rieff, David. 2002. A Bed for the Night: Humanitarianism in Crisis. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Smillie, Ian, and Larry Minear. 2004. The Charity of Nations: Humanitarian Action in a Changing World. Bloomfield, Conn.: Kumarian.

Terry, Fiona. 2002. Condemned to Repeat? The Paradox of Humanitarian Action. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

UNHCR. The State of the World's Refugees. Oxford: Oxford University Press, published in 1993, 1995, and 2000.

Weiss, Thomas G., and David A. Korn. 2006. Internal Displacement: Conceptualization and its Consequences. London: Routledge.

28. Women and Gender

Antrobus, Peggy. 2004. The Global Women's Movement: Origins, Issues and Strategies. London: Zed Books. (p. 728) Basu, Amrita. 1995. The Challenge of Local Feminisms: Women's Movements in Global Perspectives. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.

Center for the Study of Human Rights. 1996. Women and Human Rights: The Basic Documents. New York: Columbia University Press.

Jain, Devaki. 2005. Women, Development, and the United Nations: A Sixty‐Year Quest for Equality and Justice. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Meillon, Cynthia, with Charlotte Bunch. 2001. Holding On to the Promise: Women's Human Rights and the Beijing + 5 Review. New Brunswick, NJ: Center for Women's Global Leadership.

Petchesky, Rosalind. 2003. Global Prescriptions: Gendering Health and Human Rights. London: Zed Books.

Peterson, V. Spike, and A. Sisson Runyan. 1993. Global Gender Issues. Boulder, Colo.: Westview.

Pietila, Hilkka. 2002. Engendering the Global Agenda: The Story of Women and the United Nations. New York: UN Non‐governmental Liaison Service.

Sajor, Indai Lourdes, ed. 1998. Common Grounds: Violence Against Women in War and Armed Conflict Situations. Quezon City, Phillippines: ASCENT.

United Nations. 2003. Women Go Global: The United Nations and the International Women's Movement, 1945–2000. New York: UN. CD‐ROM developed in collaboration with the National Council for Research on Women.

Winslow, Anne, ed. 1995. Women, Politics, and the United Nations. Westport, Conn.: Praeger.

29. Children

Beigbeder, Yves. 2001. New Challenges for UNICEF: Children, Women and Human Rights. Houndmills, Basingtoke, UK: Palgrave.

Brett, Rachel, and Irma Specht. 2004. Young Soldiers: Why They Choose to Fight. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Hampson, F. J. 1990. Legal Protection Afforded to Children Under International Humanitarian Law. Colchester, UK: University of Essex.

Himes, James R., ed. 1995. Implementing the Convention on the Rights of the Child, Resource Mobilization in Low‐Income Countries. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.

Levesque, Roger. 1999. Sexual Abuse of Children: A Human Rights Perspective. Bloomington: University of Indiana Press.

Machel, Graça. 2001. The Impact of War On Children. New York: Palgrave.

Singer, P. W. 2005. Children at War. New York: Pantheon.

UNICEF. The State of the World's Children. New York: UNICEF, published annually, since 1980.

30. Minorities and Indigenous Peoples

Aikio, Pekka, and Martin Scheini, eds. 2000. Operationalizing the Right of Indigenous Peoples to Self‐Determination. Turku: Abo Akademi University Institute for Human Rights.

Anaya, S. James. 2004. Indigenous Peoples and International Law. New York: Oxford University Press.

Cohen, Cynthia Price, ed. 1998. Human Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Ardsley, NY: Transnational Publishers.

Crawford, James, ed. 1988. The Rights of Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dean, Bartholomew, and Jerome M. Levi, eds. 2003. At the Risk of Being Heard: Identity, Indigenous Rights, and Postcolonial States. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Jentoft, Svein, Henry Minde, and Ragnar Nilsen, eds. 2003. Indigenous Peoples: Resource Management and Global Rights. Delft: Eburon Academic Publishers.

Kymlicka, Will, ed. 1995. The Rights of Minority Cultures. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (p. 729) Lâm, Maivân Clech. 2000. At the Edge of the State: Indigenous Peoples and Self‐Determination. Ardsley, NY: Transnational Publishers.

Minority Rights Group International. 1997. World Directory of Minorities. London: Minority Rights Group International.

Niezen, Ronald. 2003. The Origins of Indigenism: Human Rights and the Politics of Identity. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Rajan, Nalini. 2000. Democracy and the Limits of Minority Rights. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Redgwell, Catherine. 1999. Intergenerational Trusts and Environmental Protection. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Thornberry, Patrick. 2002. Indigenous Peoples and Human Rights. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

31. Human Security

Commission on Human Security. 2003. Human Security Now. New York: Commission on Human Security.

Hampson, Fen Osler, with contributions by others. 2002. Madness in the Multitude: Human Security and World Disorder. Toronto: Oxford University Press.

MacFarlane, S. Neil, and Yuen Foong‐Khong. 2006. Human Security and the UN: A Critical History. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Mack, Andrew, and others. 2005. Human Security Report 2005: War and Peace in the 21st Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

McRae, Rob, and Don Hubert, eds. 2001. Human Security and the New Diplomacy. Montreal: McGill‐Queen's University Press.

Neack, Laura. 2007. Elusive Security: States First, People Last. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield.

Newman, Edward, and Ramesh Thakur, eds. 2001. The United Nations and Human Security. London: Palgrave.

Part VII: Development

32. Coordinating Economic and Social Affairs

Alger, Chadwick F. 2006. The United Nations System: A Reference Handbook. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC‐CLIO.

Childers, Erskine, and Brian Urquhart. 1994. Renewing the United Nations System. Uppsala, Sweden: Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation.

Glassner, Martin Ira, ed. 1998. The United Nations at Work. Westport, Conn.: Praeger.

Hill, Martin. 1978. The United Nations System: Coordinating Its Economic and Social Work. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Muldoon, James P., Jr. and others, eds. 1999. Multilateral Diplomacy and the United Nations Today. Boulder, Colo.: Westview.

Murphy, Craig N. 2006. The United Nations Development Programme: A Better Way? Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Nordic UN Reform Project. 1991. The United Nations in Development: Reform Issues in the Economic and Social Fields: A Nordic perspective: Final Report. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell International.

Roberts, Adam, and Benedict Kingsbury, eds. 1993. United Nations: Divided World. 2nd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

South Centre. 1992. The Economic Role of the United Nations. Geneva: The South Centre. (p. 730) United Nations High‐level Panel on UN System‐Wide Coherence in the Areas of Development, Humanitarian Assistance, and the Environment. 2006. Delivering as One. New York: UN.

Ward, Michael. 2004. Quantifying the World: UN Contributions to Statistics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Weiss, Thomas G., David P. Forsythe, Roger A. Coate, and Kelly‐Kate Pease. 2007. The United Nations and Changing World Politics. 5th edn. Boulder, Colo.: Westview. Williams, Douglas. 1987. The Specialized Agencies and the United Nations: The System in Crisis. New York: St. Martin's Press.

33. Health and Infectious Disease

Burci, Gian Luca, and Claude‐Henri Vignes. 2004. World Health Organization. The Hague: Kluwer Law International.

Fidler, David. 1999. International Law and Infectious Diseases. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gordenker, Leon, and Roger A. Coate, Christer Jönsson, and Peter Söderholm. 1995. International Cooperation in Response to AIDS. London: Pinter.

34. Natural Resource Management and Sustainable Development

Axelrod, Regina S., David Leonard Downie, and Norman J. Vig, eds. 2005. The Global Environment: Institutions, Law and Policy. Washington, DC: CQ Press.

Biermann, Frank, and Steffen Bauer, ed. 2005. A World Environment Organization. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate.

Chambers, Bradnee W., and Jessica F. Green, eds. 2005. Reforming International Environmental Governance: From Institutional Limits to Innovative Reforms. Tokyo: United Nations University Press.

Chasek Pamela S. 2001. Earth Negotiations: Analyzing Thirty Years of Environmental Diplomacy. Tokyo, New York, and Paris: United Nations University Press.

—— David L. Downie, and Janet Welsh Brown. 2006. Global Environmental Politics, 4th edn. Boulder, Colo: Westview Press.

DeSombre, Elizabeth R. 2006. Global Environmental Institutions. London: Routledge.

Haas, Peter M., Robert O. Keohane, and Marc A. Levy, eds. 1993. Institutions for the Earth: Sources of Effective International Environmental Protection. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Rosenne, Shabtai. 2005. Provisional Measures in International Law: The International Court of Justice and the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Schrijver, Nico. 2008 (forthcoming). The UN and the Global Commons: Development Without Destruction. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press.

Tolba, Mostafa K., with Iwona Rummel‐Bulska. 1998. Global Environmental Diplomacy: Negotiating Environmental Agreements for the World, 1973–1992. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.

Weiss, Edith Brown, ed. 1992. Environmental Change and International Law: New Challenges and Dimensions. Tokyo: UN University Press.

World Commission on Environment and Development. 1987. Our Common Future. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

35. Organized Crime

Findlay, Mark. 1999. The Globalisation of Crime. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Naylor, Robin Thomas. 2002. Wages of Crime: Black Markets, Illegal Finance, and the Underworld Economy. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. (p. 731) Simpson, Sally. 2002. Corporate Crime, Law and Social Control. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sterling, Claire. 1994. Thieves' World: The Threat of the New Global Network of Organized Crime. New York: Simon and Schuster.

UN Office on Drugs and Crime. World Drug Report. New York: United Nations, published annually.

36. Democracy and Good Governance

Aksu, Esref, and Joseph A. Camilleri. 2002. Democratizing Global Governance. Houndmills, Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Diamond, Larry. 1995. Promoting Democracy in the 1990s: Actors and Instruments, Issues and Imperatives. Washington, DC: Carnegie Corporation.

Freedom House. Freedom in the World: The Annual Survey of Political Rights and Civil Liberties. New York: Freedom House.

Huntington, Samuel P. 1991. The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

Zakaria, Fareed. 2003. The Future of Freedom: Illiberal Democracy at Home and Abroad. New York: W. W. Norton.

37. Human Development

Emmerij, Louis, Richard Jolly, and Thomas G. Weiss. 2001. Ahead of the Curve? UN Ideas and Global Challenges. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Fukada‐Parr, Sakiko, and A. K. Shiva Kumar, eds. 2003. Readings in Human Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Journal of Human Development: Alternative Economics in Action, published three times a year since 2000.

Sachs, Jeffrey D. 2006. The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time. New York: Penguin.

Sen, Amartya. 1999. Development as Freedom. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

UNDP. Human Development Report. New York: Oxford University Press, published annually, since 1990.

Weiss, Thomas G., Tatiana Carayannis, Louis Emmerij, and Richard Jolly. 2005. UN Voices: The Struggle for Development and Social Justice. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press.

Part VIII: Prospects for Reform

38. Principal Organs

Annan, Kofi A. 2000. ‘We the Peoples’: The Role of the United Nations in the 21st Century. New York: UN.

—— 2005. In Larger Freedom: Towards Development, Security and Human Rights for All. New York: UN.

Fassbender, Bardo. 1998. UN Security Council Reform and the Right of Veto: A Constitutional Perspective. The Hague: Kluwer Law International.

Fawcett, Eric, and Hanna Newcombe, eds. 1995. United Nations Reform: Looking Ahead after Fifty Years. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Heinbecker, Paul, and Patricia Goff, eds. 2005. Irrelevant or Indispensable? The United Nations in the 21st Century. Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfred Laurier University Press.

High‐level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change. 2004. A More Secure World: Our Shared Responsibility. New York: UN. (p. 732) Luck, Edward C. 2003. Reforming the United Nations: Lessons from a History in Progress, Occasional Paper 1. New Haven, Conn.: The Academic Council on the United Nations System.

39. Financing

Haq, Mahbub ul, and Inge Kaul, with Isabelle Grunberg. 1996. The Tobin Tax: Coping with Financial Volatility. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kanninen, Tapio. 1995. Leadership and Reform: The Secretary‐General and the UN Financial Crisis of the Late 1980s. London: Kluwer Law International.

Laurenti, Jeffrey. 2001. Financing the United Nations. New Haven, Conn.: Academic Council on the UN System.

McDermott, Anthony. 1994. United Nations Financing Problems and the New Generation of Peacekeeping and Peace Enforcement. Providence, RI: Watson Institute.

Ogata, Shijuro, and Paul Volcker. 1993. Financing an Effective United Nations. New York, Ford Foundation.

40. Widening Participation

Alger, Chadwick F., ed. 1998. The Future of the United Nations System: Potential for the Twenty‐first Century. Tokyo: United Nations University Press.

Chadwick, Andrew. 2006. Internet Politics: States, Citizens, and New Communications Techologies. New York: Oxford University Press.

Commission on Global Governance. 1995. Our Global Neighbourhood. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dijkzeul, Dennis, and Yves Beigbeder. 2003. Rethinking International Organizations. New York: Berghahn Books.

Edwards, Michael. 2000. Future Positive: International Co‐operation in the 21st Century. London: Earthscan.

Held, David, and Anthony McGrew, with David Goldblatt and Jonathan Perraton. 1999. Global Transformations: Politics, Economics, and Culture. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Jacobson, Harold K. 1979. Networks of Interdependence: International Organizations and the Global Political System. New York: McGraw‐Hill.

Newman, Edward, Ramesh Thakur, and John Tirman. 2006. Multilateralism Under Challenge? Power, International Order, and Structural Change. Tokyo: United Nations University Press.

Slaughter, Anne‐Marie. 2004. A New World Order. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Thakur, Ramesh, and Thomas G. Weiss. 2008 (forthcoming). The UN and Global Governance: An Idea and its Prospects. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. (p. 733)