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date: 22 February 2020

(p. 725) Index

(p. 725) Index

Abel, George 167–8
‘Mair Men!’ 167–8
‘The Tiff, An' Efter’ 167
Wylins fae my Wallet 167
Abercrombie, Catherine 149
Abrahams, Jessica 555, 557, 558–9
Abse, Dannie 599
‘The White Balloon’ 597
Ackland, Valentine 440, 443
Adorno, Theodor
and genocide 522
and inhumanity 509
and lyric poetry 99
and modernism 615–16
and the novel 615
and politics and art 656–7
and post-Holocaust poetry 1, 442, 581, 593, 656, 694–5
and realism 615
and strategy 508
‘Commitment’ 656
Aeschylus 203, 697
afflatus, and Owen 127, 128
Afghanistan 658–9
air war:
and First World War poetry 509–10
and poet's difficulties 520
and post-war period 522
protest 522–3
and Second World War poetry 510–12
civilian experience 518–19
natural imagery 516–18
religious symbolism 515–16, 518
remembrance 519–20
and Spanish Civil War 512–14 see also strategic bombing
Akhmatova, Anna 442–3
Alchin, Gordon 427
Aldington, Richard 429, 430
Allen, Donald 655
Allen, Maria 110
Allison, Drummond 399
‘The Brass Horse’ 415
The Yellow Light 399
Allott, Kenneth 516, 517
Alvarez, Al 375, 582, 640
Anderson, Hedli 397
Anderson, Lilian M. 108–9
anger:
and grief 500–2
and Homer's Iliad 487–8
anthologies:
and anti-war movement 661–2
and First World War poetry 102, 103, 422–3, 424–30, 436, 437–9
translated poems 437, 438
women poets 104, 425–6, 428, 437–8
and general anthologies 443–4
and Graves' attack on 422
and the Holocaust 441–2, 594–5
and Iraq invasion 421
and role of 421–2
and Second World War poetry 317, 363–4, 423–4, 431–7, 439–43
American poets 442
international 441
translated poems 441–2
women poets 433, 440
and selection 363
and Shakespeare 140
and Spanish Civil War 247, 364, 430–1
and Welsh-language poetry 341
anti-Semitism, and Rosenberg 96, 97
Aquinas, Thomas 270
Armstrong, Isobel 13
army reform 23
Arnold, Matthew 287
and classical influences 11–12
and war 10–11
‘Dover Beach’ 11
Sohrab and Rustum 12–13
Arrowsmith, Pat:
On the Brink 646
‘View from Orford Castle’ 646–7
Ash, John 640
Asquith, H. H. 195
Asquith, Herbert 428
Atcheson, Raymond 347
(p. 726) atomic bombs 508
Attridge, Steve 26
Atwood, Margaret 605
Auden, W. H. 347, 374, 433, 435, 599
and Christianity 285
and definition of poetry 564
and history 266–8, 284–5
and MacNeice 215, 216
and pastoral poetry 473, 475–6, 477
and politics and poetry
flight from politics 285–6
impotence 286–7
‘poetry makes nothing happen’ 279–86, 694
and Sino-Japanese War 266, 286
and Spanish Civil War 286, 572
disillusionment 249, 265
and United States 287, 382
‘A Walk After Dark’ 376
Another Time 249
‘Consider this and in our time’ 586
‘Homage to Clio’ 266
‘In Memory of W. B. Yeats’ 281–2, 283–4, 285–6, 287, 289
Journey to a War 266
‘Journey to Iceland’ 476
‘Last Will and Testament’ 477
‘Lay your sleeping head, my love’ 310
‘Letter to Lord Byron’ 473, 475, 477
‘Letter to R. H. S. Crossman’ 477
Letters from Iceland 473, 475–6, 477
‘Makers of History’ 266
‘Musée des Beaux Arts’ 483, 486
New Year Letter 391
The Orators 132
‘Out on the lawn’ 252
‘Refugee Blues’ 595
‘September 1, 1939’ 434
Spain 245, 247, 248, 251, 262
‘Spain 1937’ 249
ambivalence of 265
Communism 276
complexity of 265, 275
comradeship and community 276–7
criticism of 275
decision-making 272
epilogue 277
ethics 270, 275–6
feverish imagery 272–3
future 273–4, 275
history 266–7
History 268–9, 277
inadequacy 276
language of size 266
the life 269–71, 277
logical flaws 271, 272
murder and guilt 275–6, 286
nationhood 269
perspectives in 268–9
political positioning 274–5
religion 268
responsibility 278
revisions of 275
Spain 270–1
specificity of 265–6
structure of 271
struggle 267, 268, 275
writing about war 264
‘The History of Truth’ 266
‘The Public v the Late Mr William Butler Yeats’ 284–5, 287
‘The Shield of Achilles’ 580, 586, 703
‘The Watershed’ 586
Baden-Powell, Robert 44
Bairnsfather, Bruce 122
Baker, Kenneth 443–4
Balaban, John 572–3
‘In Celebration of Spring’ 573–4
Banville, John 581
Barbusse, Henri 95–6, 129
Barker, George:
Calamiterror 260
‘Elegy on Spain’ 260, 514
‘Sonnets from America’ 434
Barker, Juliet 132
Barker, Pat 132
Regeneration 208–9, 223, 225
Barnes, William 681
Bartov, Omer 592
Battle of Britain 372, 510
Battle of the Somme, The (documentary film) 172
Baudrillard, Jean 657
Bayley, John 125
beauty, and war 175–6, 188, 492–3
Beckett, Samuel 665–6
Not I 282
Bedford, Madeline Ida 107
Belloc, Hilaire 122
Benjamin, Walter 600, 617, 619
on Futurists 518
and visual technology 97
‘The Storyteller’ 73
Bergonzi, Bernard 136, 187
Bernstein, Charles 662
Bewley, Marius 543–4
Binyon, Laurence 141, 143, 176
(p. 727) ‘England's Poet’ 140
‘For the Fallen’ 143, 428, 430, 550
‘The Burning of the Leaves’ 516–17
Bishop, Elizabeth 523
Blackwood's, and Crimean War 18
Blair, Tony 660
Blake, Denise 561
Blake, William 371
‘A Poison Tree’ 608
‘Infant Joy’ 95
‘London’ 604
Blanchot, Maurice 684, 696
Bloom, Harold 598, 601
Blunden, Edmund 95, 102, 117, 119, 147, 301, 422, 430
and pastoral poetry 462, 471–2
and –1914 war poetry 143–4
and Second World War poetry 431
‘A House in Festubert’ 472
‘Illusions’ 472
‘Rural Economy’ 472
‘The Rebuilding of Ypres’ 479
‘The Soldier Poets’ 423
‘Trench Nomenclature’ 150
Undertones of War 223, 423, 472
‘Vlamertinghe’ 471
War Poets: 1914–18 143–4
Blythe, Ronald 375
Boas, Frederic 142
Bodkin, Maud 414
Boer War:
and evils of 29
and Hardy 39–43
and Kipling 59–63, 65–6
and war poetry 29–30
Bond, Brian 139
Bond, Edward 599
Bonhoeffer, Dietrich 510
Booth, Allyson 224
Booth, J. B. 26
Booth, Mary 425
Booth, Stephen 283
Bourke, Joanna 443
Bowen, Elizabeth 445
Boyce, Neith 453
Bradford, Curtis 635
Brandon, Raphael 38
Brauner, David 609
Brearton, Fran 288, 473, 479, 691
on Longley 554
Brecht, Bertolt 443, 598, 656
Brendon, Piers 347
Brereton, Frederick, and An Anthology of War Poems 423, 430
Bridges, Robert 424
Bristowe, Sybil 109
British Council 645
Brittain, Vera 445
‘Lament for the Demobilised’ 438
‘Perhaps’ 110
Seeds of Chaos 373
‘The Superfluous Woman’ 110
‘To my Brother’ 110, 446
Britten, Benjamin 250
Brock, Arthur 78, 120
Bromwich, David 2
Brooke, Rupert 35, 75, 102, 422
and Hardy's ‘Drummer Hodge’ 41
1914 and Other Poems 145
‘Peace’ 145
‘Safety’ 462
‘The Dead’ 145
‘The Soldier’ 430
Brooks, Cleanth 375
Brooks, Gwendolyn 442
Brophy, Eric 149–50
Brown, John 553
Brown, Terence 717–18
Brown, William 120
Browne, Vincent 702
Browning, Robert:
Dramatic Lyrics 7
‘Incident of the French Camp’ 7–8
Bruce, George 330
Bryant, Arthur 157
Buchan, John 165–6
Northern Muse 165
‘On Leave’ 166
Poems, Scots and English 165
Buck, Claire 426
Bunting, Basil 617, 618, 621–2, 641
Briggflatts 623–7
‘The Spoils’ 622–3, 627
‘The Well of Lycopolis’ 622, 626–7
Burgoyne, Gerald Achilles 75
Burk, David 317 n 9
Burke, Carolyn 450
Burke, Joanna 363
Burns, Robert 172
Bush, Duncan 641
Byron, Lord 45
Caesar, Adrian 209, 212, 220
Calder, Angus 363, 369
Calder, Jenni 106–7
Cameron, M. A. 160–2
Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) 646
(p. 728) Campbell, Herbert 25–6
Campbell, James 119
Campbell, Matthew 11
Campbell, R. W. 165
Campbell, Roy, and Flowering Rifle 260
Cannan, May Wedderburn 111
Capa, Robert 256
Caputo, Philip 116
Carlyle, Thomas:
and poet and action 17
‘The Hero as Poet’ 17
Carson, Ciaran 692
Caruth, Cathy 483–4
Carver, Lord 509
Casement, Roger 235
Causley, Charles 364
Cawnpore massacre 20–1
Ceannt, Eamon 234
Celan, Paul 443, 598, 599, 616
Céline, Ferdinand 75
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), and Cold War poetry 644–5
Chakravarty, Gautam 20
Chamberlain, Neville 344
Cherkovski, Neeli 662
Cheyette, Bryan 607
chivalry 19–20
Christian militarism 24
Christianity:
and Auden 285
and war poetry 303–7
Churchill, Lady Randolph 146
Churchill, Winston 367, 369, 372, 431, 633
civilians, and war poetry 512
and air war 506–7
civilian experience 518–19
Empson 507–8
First World War 509–10
natural imagery 516–18
poet's difficulties 520
post-war period 522
protest 522–3
religious symbolism 515–16, 518
remembrance 519–20
Second World War 510–12, 515–16
Spanish Civil War 512–14
and total war 507, 508
Clare, John 371, 400–1
Clark, Alan 121
Clark, Eleanor 380, 382–3
Clarke, George 428, 431
Clarke, Thomas 234
class, and women's First World War poetry 105
classical tradition, and Victorian war poetry 11–12
Claudel, Paul 286
Clausewitz, Carl von 135
Clendinnen, Inga 595
Clifton, Harry 292
Coats, Alice 433, 440
Cobbing, Bob 642
Cohen, Joseph 542
Colby, W. H. 29
Cold War poetry 632
and CIA involvement 644–5
and Conquest 636–7
and Davie 635–6, 637
and Eastern bloc/dissident poetry 637–40
and feminist poets 646–8
and Gunn 635
and Larkin 634–5
and nature of British Cold War 632–4
and non-alignment 645–6
and Northern Irish poets 648–52
and paranoia 641, 642
and poets' relocation east 641
and poets' relocation to United States 640–1
and polarization 645
and power of poetry 638
and Prynne 642–3
and United States' influence 641–2
Cole, Margaret Postgate, and ‘The Veteran’ 110, 438
Cole, Sarah 137
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor 415, 467–8, 469, 475, 603
Collins, Mary Gabrielle 107
Colmer, Francis 148
Comfort, Alex 373
Communism:
and depersonalization 251–2
and Spanish Civil War 246–7, 248, 250–4
Congress of Cultural Freedom (CCF) 644, 645
Connolly, James 229, 234, 477
Conquest, Robert 119, 636–7
conscription 64
Corcoran, Neil 583, 588
Cornford, Francis 431
Cornford, Rupert John 247–8, 249
and Communist Party 252–3
‘A Letter from Aragon’ 253, 565–6
‘As Our Might Lessens’ 247–8
‘Full Moon at Tierz’ 247, 252–3
‘To Margot Heinemann’ 253–4
corpses, and grief 498–9
Cosman, Milein 418
Cowper, William 371
(p. 729) Craiglockhart Hospital 120, 121, 210
Crane, Stephen 615
Creasy, Edward 9
Creeley, Robert 421
Crimean War 13–14
and British pretext for 18
and Charge of the Light Brigade 14–16
and Morris 19–20
and Tennyson:
Maud 17–19
‘The Charge of the Light Brigade’ 14–15
and war correspondents 13–14
and war poetry 16–17
Cross, Tim 438
Cubists 511
Cullingford, Elizabeth 234
Cunard, Nancy:
Authors Take Sides on the Spanish War 246
‘Sequences from a Long Epic on Spain’ 246
‘Yes, it is Spain’ 246
Cunningham, Valentine 431
Curnow, Allen, and ‘Dichtung und Wahrheit’ 653–4
Dakers, Caroline 466, 471
Davidson, Peter 476
Davie, Donald 238, 581–2, 584, 625
and Cold War poetry 635–6
‘A Letter to Curtis Bradford’ 635
‘From the New World’ 635
‘Mandelstam, on Dante’ 637
‘Rejoinder to a Critic’ 522–3, 581
‘To Enrique Caracciolo Trejo’ 635
‘To Thom Gunn in Los Altos’ 636
Davies, Idris 363
Davies, John 345
Davies, W. H. 161, 430
Day Lewis, C. 119, 131, 330
‘Bombers’ 260
‘Newsreel’ 261
Overtures to Death 261
‘Stand-to’ 434
de la Mare, Walter 430
De Quincey, Thomas 132
Deane, Seamus 557
‘A Schooling’ 649
‘History Lessons’ 649–50
Delbo, Charlotte 598
Dent, J. M. 172
dialect, and Scottish poetry 157–8, 162–3, 164, 165–8, 337–9
Dickens, Charles 41
Dickey, James 511
Dickinson, Emily 620
Dickinson, Patrick 433
Dirck, Helen, and ‘After Bourlon Wood’ 105–6
Dobell, Sydney:
England in Time of War 16
Sonnets on the War 16
Dodds, E. R. 378
Dodge, Mabel 450
Donne, John 711
and Rosenberg 544, 548
‘The Flea’ 95, 548–9
Donnelly, Charles:
and sinking the ego 251
‘Heroic Heart’ 251
‘The Tolerance of Crows’ 251
Donnelly, Morwenna 408
Douglas, Keith 213, 318, 363, 398, 411, 423, 431, 433, 439
and ambition of 534, 535
and Christian iconography 305–7
and cinema 400
and the dead and the living 529–30, 532–3
and eroticism 312–13
and eye of 401
and First World War poetry 313–14
and floral imagery 303
and lineation 535–41
and looting 530–1
on poetry 529, 536
and rhythms of 413
and Rilke 408
and Second World War 301
and Second World War poets 299–300, 528–9, 583
and skeletal poetics 532–5
‘Adams’ 535, 538–41
Alamein to Zem Zem 529–30
‘Bête’ 540
‘Cairo Jag’ 307
‘Dead Men’ 305, 530, 532
‘Desert Flowers’ 552
‘Enfidaville’ 530
‘Famous Men’ 305, 535
‘How to Kill’ 374, 497, 534, 580
‘Landscape with Figures 1’ 306–7
‘Landscape with Figures 2’401, 412
‘Mersa’ 532, 541
‘Negative Information’ 536
‘On a Return from Egypt’ 303
‘On the Nature of Poetry’ 529, 536
‘Poets in This War’ 528–9
‘Simplify me when I'm dead’ 532–3
‘The Hand’ 535, 536
‘The Offensive 2’ 306
‘The Poets’ 534–5
(p. 730) ‘The Sea Bird’ 535, 537–8, 541
‘Time Eating’ 532
‘Vergissmeinnicht’ 128, 312–13, 499, 534, 609
‘Words’ 541
Douglas, Marie J 526, 529
Dove, Rita 657
Dowson, Jane 110
Doyle, Francis Hastings
on Victorian soldiers 23–4
‘The Private Life of the Buffs’ 23–4
Drinkwater, John 145
‘For April 23rd’ 140
Dulac, Edmund 228
Duncan, Robert:
and Duncan-Levertov correspondence 655
and politics and poetry 655
Dunn, Douglas 215
Dunsany, Lord 430
Durcan, Paul 554
Durrell, Lawrence 433
Dyer, Geoff 422
Easter Rising (1916) 228, 229–30
Eberhart, Richard 435
‘The Fury of Aerial Bombardment’ 510–11
Eckstein, Modris 137
eclogues, and pastoral poetry 462
and inter-war poetry 473–8
Edinburgh Review, on war poetry 28–9
Egremont, Max 225
Ehrhart, W. D. 496
Eichmann, Adolf 596
elegy 239, 285, 461–2
Eliot, T. S. 90, 96, 184, 433, 434, 618
and arrival in London 199–200
and British Empire 628–9
on Herbert Read 14
and Metaphysical poets 547–8, 549
and quatrain stanza 201
and Rosenberg 546, 547
and Scottish literature 153–4, 173
‘Airs of Palestine, No 2’ 201–2
‘East Coker’ 361
‘Gerontion’ 203–5
‘Little Gidding’ 361, 515–16, 580, 618, 620–1, 629
‘Mr Eliot's Sunday Morning Service’ 201
‘Petit Epître’ 200–1
‘Sweeney Among the Nightingales’ 202–3
The Waste Land 190, 191, 528, 591, 628, 697–8
‘Whispers of Immortality’ 547–8, 549
Ellmann, Richard 293
Eluard, Paul 513
Emerson, Ralph Waldo 175, 376
Emmet, Robert 230
Empson, William:
and bombing of civilians 507–8
and stopping writing 293–4
‘Aubade’ 434
‘Autumn on Nan-Yüeh’ 507
‘Just a Smack at Auden’ 284
‘Let it Go’ 293
‘Your Teeth are Ivory Towers’ 281
Encounter 644
England:
and Kipling 146
and Second World War patriotic poetry 369–70, 371–2
and Thomas 146–7
and women's First World War poetry 108–9
enlistment, in Victorian period 19
epic:
and community united 674
and Heaney 679–83
and Joyce 671–2
and Kavanagh 673–4
and Longley 676–7
and MacNiece 674
and Mahon 674–6
and Montague 678–9
and nationality 670, 671–2
and Northern Irish poets 669–70, 677–8
and Ossian 670
and Yeats 672–3
epiphany 357
Esty, Jed 634
ethnic cleansing 663
Evans, Elwyn 341, 343
Evans, Non Indeg 352
Ewart, Gavin 433, 434
faction 208–9
Fairbairns, Zöe 646
Falstaff 32
Farjeon, Eleanor 429, 438
Farr, Florence 227, 287
Feaver, Jane 538
Fedden, Roger 433
Feinstein, Elaine 519, 599, 607, 637–8
‘Annus Mirabilis 1989’ 596
feminism:
and Cold War poetry 646–8
and Holocaust poetry 605–6
Fenton, James 116, 120
and the Holocaust 599–600
(p. 731) ‘A German Requiem’ 574, 580, 585–6, 588–91, 600
‘A Vacant Possession’ 586
‘Cambodia’ 586–7
‘Dead Soldiers’ 574–5, 588
‘In a Notebook’ 587
‘Terminal Moraine’ 586
Fergusson, Robert 338
Fiacc, Padraic:
‘Enemy Encounter’ 649
‘Soldiers’ 649
‘The British Connection’ 649
Field, Edward 510, 521
Figes, Eva 605, 607
Tales of Innocence and Experience 610
First World War:
and changed attitudes to warfare 8–9
and exclusion of accounts of 101
and gendering of literary history of 102–5
and Hardy 49–50
and Kipling 64–9
and literary myths 100–2
and lyric poetry 99
and modernist narrative of 138
challenges to 138–9
and nature of 75
as phenomenon 136
and poet's mission 103
and political crisis 194–6
and the poppy 300–1
and trench experience 74–6, 92, 119–20, 183, 186–7
and war poetry:
anthologies of 102, 103, 104, 140
changes in 174–5, 189
conventional view of 35–7
as male enterprise 100–3, 104–5
and women's poetry 104, 105–11
growth of interest in 103–5
literary exclusion of 102, 103
mourning 112–13
quality of 112
traditional forms of 111–12
Fisch, Harold 594, 599
Fisher, Allen 642
Fisher, Roy 641
‘Item’ 522
‘Seven Attempted Moves’ 638
‘The Entertainment of War’ 520–1
‘Wonders of Obligation’ 521–2
Fiske, Robert 572
Flint, F. S. 161, 437
floral imagery:
and pastoral poetry 471–2
and Scovell 456–8
and war poetry 300–3
force:
and Homer's Iliad 489–91
and Jones 494
and Logue 495
and ƠCasey 494–5
and Owen 492–3
and Randall 493–4
and Rosenberg 495–6
and Sassoon 494
and war 491
Forché, Carolyn 657, 719
Ford, Ford Madox 627
Ford, John 626
forgetting, and grief 499–500
Forshaw, C. F. 424, 425
Forster, E. M. 368, 376, 658
Foster, A. E. Manning 424
Foster, R. F. 289
Foucault, Michel:
and discursive formation 267
on experience 87
Frankau, Gilbert 429
Fraser, G. S. 315–17, 318, 319–20, 321–2, 433, 436
and Lindsay on 315
‘A Letter to Anne Ridler’ 316
‘A Winter Letter’ 319
‘Christmas Letter Home’ 319
‘Exile's Letter’ 319–20
Home Town Elegy 315
‘Letter from Asmara’ 320
‘Monologue for a Cairo Evening’ 321
‘Problems of a Poet’ 316
‘Rostov’ 321–2
‘Social Pleasures’ 319
‘To Hugh MacDiarmid’ 316
‘To My Friends’ 316
Freud, Sigmund 85, 88, 97
Friedan, Betty 605
Friedemann, Pavel 442
Friswell, James 16
Frost, Robert 466, 688
Fuller, Roy 433, 434, 435, 439
‘Soliloquy in an Air-Raid’ 520
fury, and battlefield poems 564, 575–6
and Balaban 572–4
and Cornford 565–6
and Fenton 574–5
and Hecht 570–2
and Owen 564–5
and Simpson 566–8
and Tennyson 569
(p. 732) and Vietnam War poetry 568–9, 570–1, 572–5
and witnessing 568–70
Fussell, Paul 33, 103, 127, 150, 363, 493
and First World War poetry 35, 437, 468
influence of 300
and homoeroticism 312
and literature and life 136
on Longley 554
and In Parenthesis (Jones) 136–7
and pastoral poetry 462
and Second World War poetry 307–8
and Shakespeare 136
and war writing tradition 142, 151
Futurism 449
and Benjamin's criticism of 518
Gaelic:
and George Campbell Hay 331–4
and Sorley MacLean 326–30
Gaelic League 228, 230
Gallagher, John 562
Gardner, Brian 102, 318
and Second World War poetry 436, 439, 440
The Terrible Rain 363, 516
Garfitt, Roger 534
Garioch, Robert 318, 337–9
‘During a Music Festival’ 337, 339
‘Kreigy Ballad’ 338
‘Letter from Italy’ 338
‘The Bog’ 338
‘The Muir’ 338
‘The Prisoner's Dream’ 337–8
‘The Wire’ 338, 339
Two Man and a Blanket 337
Gascoyne, David 371, 434
Gaudier-Brzeska, Henri 228
Gautier, Théophile 201
gender, and First World War literary history 102–5 see also women
Gershon, Karen 597, 598–9, 600, 604, 607, 608, 611
‘A Jew's Calendar’ 608
‘Afterwards’ 612
‘Home’ 611
‘I Was Not There’ 608–9, 611
‘Race’ 611
‘The Children's Exodus’ 607
‘The Town’ 611
Gervais, David 146
Gibson, Rev J. G. 425
Gibson, W.W. 429, 430
Gilbert, Sandra M 602
Gill, Eric 184
Gillie, Christopher 559
Ginsberg, Allen 568, 642
‘America’ 618
Gissing, George 40
Gladstone, W. E. 195, 229
Goebbels, J. 596–7
Goldberg, S. L. 294 n 54
Goldman, Dorothy 104, 112
Gollancz, Israel 139–40
Gollancz, Victor 248
Gonne, Iseult 230
Gonne, Maud 229, 230, 231, 234–5, 236, 238, 241, 474
Gordon, Lyndall 620
Gore-Booth, Eva 429
Goya, Francisco 684–5, 686
Graham, Desmond 363, 441, 533, 534
on Douglas 411
on Owen 115
Graham, Jorie 665
Gramsci, Antonio 322
Grant, Linda 609
Granville-Barker, Harley 44
Graves, Robert 74, 102, 120, 415
and attitude towards war 220
and isolation of 225
and modernist poetry 225
and Owen 124
and poetic principles 213, 221
and poet's autobiography 224–5
and post-war influence 220
and post-war poetic ambitions 212–13
and reality of war 219
and Sassoon 209–10
accounts of first meeting 210–12
acrimony between 222
aesthetic differences 216
breakdown of relationship 222–3
different attitudes to poetic tradition 214–15
imagined future 214
meaning of home 214
protest letter of 221–2
relationship between 212
verse letters between 215–16
and self-serving aspect of 211
and self-suppression of war poems 218
and Shakespeare 138
and trench experience 76
and truth 224
and violence and poetry 219
and war poetry 423
(p. 733) and war poetry anthologies 422, 427, 428, 430
‘A Renascence’ 219
Fairies and Fusiliers 218, 219–20
‘Familiar Letter to Siegfried Sassoon’ 214, 215
Goliath and David 212
Goodbye to All That 138, 210, 212, 222, 224, 423
‘In Spite’ 215
‘Limbo’ 219
Over the Brazier 218–19
A Pamphlet Against Anthologies 422
A Survey of Modernist Poetry 225
‘The Next War’ 220
‘The Poets of World War II’ 423
‘To an Ungentle Critic’ 215
‘To R. N.’ 219
‘Two Fusiliers’ 208, 219–20, 226, 498
The White Goddess 221
Gray, Martin 101–2
Greenaway, R. D. 438
Greene, Graham, and The Quiet American 613–14
and poetry 614
and quietism 615
and reportage 614–15
and use of language 614
Greenham Common 648
Greer, Germaine 605
Gregory, Lady Augusta 206, 229, 230, 677–8
Gregory, Robert 205–6, 239, 509
Gregory Smith, G. 153
Grenfell, Julian 102, 422
Grey, Sir Edward 195–6
grief:
and anger 500–1
and the corpse 498–9
and forgetting 499–500
and Homer's Iliad 488, 497–8
and literary pedigree 498
Griffith, Arthur 229, 230
Griffiths, Nora, and ‘The Wykhamist’ 110–11
Gruffydd, W. J. 346, 350
Gryn, Hugo 597
Gubar, Susan 104, 602, 603
Guenther, John 409
Guernica 508, 512–13
guilt, and war poetry 2, 275–6, 286
Gulf War (1991) 118
and Shapcott's ‘Phrase Book’ 657–8
Gunn, Thom 456, 599, 635
Fighting Terms 635
Gurney, Ivor 36, 147, 422, 427, 430
and beauty in war 175–6, 188
and Elizabethan imagination 145–6
and endurance 187–8
and madness of 145–6, 189
and pain 188
and pastoral poetry 462, 469–70, 472
and re-creation through war 179
and Shakespeare 138
and shame 2
‘After War’ 470
‘Billet’ 470
‘Crickley Hill’ 470
‘First March’ 470
‘First Time In’ 149, 188
‘Friendly Are Meadows’ 145
‘If Ben Jonson Were Back’ 145
‘Poets’ 145
Rewards of Wonder 145
‘Serenade’ 150
Severn & Somme 188, 470
‘Strange Hells’ 82
‘The Mangel-Bury’ 472
‘The Poets of My Country’ 469
‘The Silent One’ 90, 151
‘The Valley Farm’ 479
‘To His Love’ 83, 499–500
Guthrie, Woody 442
Gutteridge, Bernard 439
Gwynn, Stephen 425
Gwynne Jones, T. 360
Haber, Jane 461, 463
Hacker, Marilyn 657
Haffenden, John 507
Haig, Field Marshal Douglas 120
Haliday, W. J. 424
Hall, J. C. 536
Hamblett, Charles 367, 373, 436
Hamburger, Michael 597, 599
and Cold War poetry 637, 638–9
Hamil, Sam 421
Hamilton, Ian 436
on Owen 114
and Second World War poetry 439–40
Hamilton Finlay, Ian 643–4
Harding, D. W. 709
Harding, Denys 546
Hardy, Thomas 422
and driven nature of 38–9
and English fiction 39
and interest in war 34–5, 37, 39
non-combatant status 37–8
and polemical intent 39
and war poetry 30–1, 35
Boer War 39–43
criticism of 37
(p. 734) First World War 49–50
publication outlets 40
‘A Backward Spring’ 49
‘A Tradition of Eighteen Hundred and Four’ 37
‘Apostrophe to an Old Psalm Tune’ 49
‘Departure’ 40–1
‘Drummer Hodge’ 41, 42, 570
The Dynasts 34, 35, 37, 43–8, 50
achievement of 48
ambiguity over pronunciation of 47
changing perspectives within 47–8
‘Embarcation’ 30, 40
Far From the Madding Crowd 34
‘I Looked Up from My Writing’ 49
‘In Tenebris II’ 695
‘In Time of “The Breaking of Nations” ’ 49, 463
Jude the Obscure 47
The Life of Thomas Hardy 34
‘Men Who March Away’ 49
Moments of Vision 35, 49
‘Old Furniture’ 49
‘One We Knew’ 37
A Pair of Blue Eyes 41–2
Poems of the Past and Present 30, 35, 40, 48
‘Poems of War and Patriotism’ 35
‘Quid Hic Agis?’ 49
The Return of the Native 37
‘Song of the Soldiers'Wives and Sweethearts’ 41
Tess of the ďUrbervilles 34
‘The Alarm’ 37
‘The Darkling Thrush’ 48
‘The Going of the Battery’ 41, 48–9
‘The Man He Killed’ 30–1
‘The Pedigree’ 49
‘The Souls of the Slain’ 41
‘To Shakespeare’ 49, 141–2, 143
‘To the Moon’ 49
The Trumpet-Major 34, 37
Wessex Poems 35, 40
The Woodlanders 34
Harris, Arthur 373, 508
Harrison, Tony 599, 657
and media and war 658
‘11 September 2001’ 659
‘A Cold Coming’ 118
Under the Clock 658, 659, 660
‘Gaps’ 659–60
‘Holy Tony's Prayer’ 660
‘Laureate's Block’ 659
‘Species Barrier’ 658–9
‘The Krieg Anthology’ 659
Harsent, David:
‘Chinese Whispers’ 663, 664
‘Ghost Archaeology’ 663
Legion 662–5
‘Sniper’ 664
Hart, Henry 547
Hart-Moxon, Kitty 597
Harvey, F.W. 175
Harwood, Lee 640
Hašek, Jaroslav 339
Haughey, Jim 555
Haughton, Hugh 442–3
Havel, Václav 695
Hay, George Campbell 318, 330, 331–6
‘An Duine agus an Cogadh’/‘Man and War’ 333
‘Atman’ 332
‘Bisearta’ 333–4
‘Esta Selva Selvaggia’ (‘This Savage Wood’) 334–5
‘Meftah Bâbkum es-Sabar?’ 332
‘Mochtàr is Dùghall’/‘Mokhtâr and Dougall’ 332–3
‘Truaighe na h-Eòrpa’/‘Europe's Piteous Plight’ 334
Hay, Ian 75
Hay, John MacDougall 331
Heaney, Seamus 3, 579–80
and adequacy 691, 692
and artistic responsibility 686
and care 702
and consolation 695–6
and death 685–6, 690, 695–6
and endurance 688–9
and Northern Ireland conflict 691, 692, 693
on Owen 115
and poetry's role and effect 687–8, 691–2, 702–3, 706
and political poetry 692–3
and South Africa 701
and suffering 695, 696
and survivors 685
and witnessing 696–7, 699, 700, 702, 704
and world-sorrow 694, 695
‘Bann Valley Eclogue’ 481
Beowulf 681–3
‘Bone Dreams’ 680–1
‘Cassandra’ 703
‘Crediting Poetry’ 689, 693
The Cure at Troy 697, 700–1
‘Digging’ 692
(p. 735) Electric Light 480
“Exposure” 650, 651, 692
“Feeling into Words” 691
Field Work 479
“His Dawn Vision” 703–4
‘His Reverie of Water’ 704
‘Keeping Going’ 697
‘Mycenae Lookout’ 686, 697–700, 701–2, 703–5
North 664, 680, 686, 692
‘Personal Helicon’ 692
Preoccupations 694
‘Punishment’ 680, 692, 703
‘Singing School’ 686
The Spirit Level 686, 692, 694, 697
‘St Kevin and the Blackbird’ 686, 688–9
‘Station Island’ 118, 651, 696
‘Summer 1969’ 686–7
‘Terminus’ 700
‘The Catechism’ 684, 689
‘The First Flight’ 651
‘The Flight Path’ 692, 697
‘The Harvest Bow’ 694
‘The Ministry of Fear’ 650
‘The Nights’ 704
‘The Poplar’ 702
‘The Strand at Lough Beg’ 695–6
‘The Watchman's War’ 698–700, 701–2
‘Tollund’ 480
‘Two Lorries’ 697
‘Whatever You Say Say Nothing’ 695, 699
Wintering Out 480, 698
Heath-Stubbs, John 400, 402, 404
‘The Divided Ways’ 405
Hecht, Anthony 442
and concentration camps 571
‘Here lies fierce Strephon’ 570–1
‘More Light! More Light!’ 571–2
Hegel, G. W. 670
Heinemann, Margot 248, 250, 252
Heller, Erich 410
Hemingway, Ernest 593, 615
Henderson, Hamish 317, 318, 322–6, 423, 433
‘Anzio April’ 323
‘Ballad of Snow-White Sandstroke’ 323
‘Ballad of the Simeto (For the Highland Division)’ 323
‘Ballad of the Twelve Stations of my Youth’ 322
Ballads of World War II 317
Elegies for the Dead in Cyrenaica 323–6
‘First Elegy: End of a Campaign’ 324
‘Fourth Elegy: El Adem’ 325
‘Second Elegy: Halfaya’ 325
‘Seventh Elegy: Seven Good Germans’ 325
‘Tenth Elegy: The Frontier’ 325
‘The 51st Highland Division's Farewell to Sicily’ 323
‘Third Elegy: Leaving the City’ 324
Henderson, Mary H. J.
‘An Incident’ 105, 108
‘YMCA’ 108
Hendry, J. F. 513
The White Horseman 318
Henley, William Ernest 29
Hennessy, Peter 633
Henniker, Arthur 42–3
Henniker, Florence 42
Herbert, George 390
Herbert, Zbigniew 639
Herder, Johann Gottfried 670
Hernandez, Miguel 513
hetero-eroticism, and Second World War poetry 308–11 see also homoeroticism
Hewison, Robert 363, 369
Hewitt, John:
‘Freehold’ 480
‘Postscript’ 479–80
Hibberd, Dominic 103, 119, 311
and Owen 124, 127, 311
and war poetry 189
Hill, Geoffrey 150, 280, 424, 436, 442, 540–1, 618
and ethnic cleansing 663
and the Holocaust 597, 599, 600
on Owen's war poetry 33
and poetry as speech-act 621
and war poetry 583–4
Canaan 665
‘Christmas Trees’ 510
‘For Isaac Rosenberg’ 545–52
‘Four Poems Regarding the Endurance of Poets’ 619
‘Funeral Music’ 619, 621, 638
‘Isaac Rosenberg, 1890–1918’ 552
King Log 618–21, 624
Mercian Hymns 519
‘Of Commerce and Society’ 584
The Orchards of Syon 551–2, 666
‘September Song’ 580, 584–5, 589, 605, 609–10
Speech! Speech! 551
‘To the Nieuport Scout’ 509–10
The Triumph of Love 519
‘Two Formal Elegies 1’ 583–4
For the Unfallen 550
Hill, Greg 359
(p. 736) Hillary, Richard 372
Hobbes, Thomas 588, 599–600
Hobsbawm, Eric 444
Hobson, J. A. 25
Hodgson, W. N. 427
Hofer, Philip 684
Hollis, Matthew 421
Holman, Carrie 425
Holocaust:
and Adorno on post-Holocaust poetry 1, 442, 581, 593, 656, 694–5
and crisis of representation 592–3
and Fenton's ‘A German Requiem’ 585–6, 588–91, 600
and Hecht 571–2
and Hill 597, 599, 600, 601
‘September Song’ 584–5, 589, 605, 609–10
and Jewish writers 597
and Jews 596–7
and Kinder-poets 598–9, 600, 606–12
costs of survival 612
and meaning of ‘Holocaust poetry’ 595–6
and Muldoon 720, 722, 723
and need to address 593–4, 595
and non-Jewish British poets 599
and Paulin 599, 600–1, 605
and personal testimony 597–8
and Plath 597, 599, 600, 601–6
and poetry anthologies 441–2, 594–5
and possible trivialization of 600
and post-war poets 599–600
and secondary witness 598–9
and survivors 599
and targets of 596
and use of term 596
and women 605–6
Holub, Miroslav 638, 639
Home, Stewart 644
Homer 12
and Heaney 697
The Iliad, and experience of war 486–91
anger 487–8
force 489–91
grief 488
peace-in-war 488–9
homoeroticism:
and Auden 276–7
and Cold War poetry 635
and First World War poetry 144, 438
and Owen 80, 86, 311
and Second World War poetry 307–8, 309, 310, 311–13
and Spender 258
Hooley, Teresa 105
Hopkins, Gerard Manley 505
‘The Soldier’ 24
Hotspur 32
Housman, A. E. 31–2, 173
and war poetry 30, 31–3, 64
‘Epitaph on an Army of Mercenaries’ 64
A Shropshire Lad 31–2, 138
Houston, Ralph, on Rosenberg 546–7
Howkins, Alan 466, 467, 470
Huchel, Peter 511
Hueffer, Ford Madox 430
Hughes, Billie 526–8, 531
Hughes, Gerald 531
Hughes, Olwyn 525, 533
Hughes, Ted 436, 439
and Cold War poetry 637, 639–40
and Douglas
on ‘Adams’ 540
admiration for 525, 526
as antidote to paralysis 528
compared with Owen 531
edits poetry of 533
influence of 533–4
lineation 535
muscular poetics of 529
promotion of 524, 525
on ‘Simplify me when I'm dead’ 533
on ‘The Sea Bird’ 537–8
and his father 526–8, 531
and ‘Movement’ poets 582–3
and survivors 525, 526
‘A Woman Unconscious’ 640
‘For the Duration’ 531
‘Gog’ 534
‘Heptonstall’ 534
‘Out’ 527, 530, 532, 583
‘Remembrance Day’ 532, 583
‘The Dream Time’ 527–8
‘Wilfred Owen's Photographs’ 117
‘Wind’ 640
Wodwo 527, 533
Hulme, T. E. 437
Hunt, G.W. 25
Hussein, Saddam 659, 660
Huyssen, Andreas 231, 593–4, 600
Hynes, Samuel 8, 137
and national regeneration 44
Ibaragi, Noriko 511
I'm Alan Partridge (tv series) 658
imperialism:
and Christian militarism 24
and Kipling's war poetry 54–9
and Victorian music-hall 25
(p. 737) Indian Mutiny 20–2
‘Inklings’ 404
Iraq war, and poetry anthologies 421
Irish Literary Society 228
Irish Republican Army 648
Irish Republican Brotherhood 229
Irish Volunteers 229
Isaacs, Jacob 545
Isherwood, Christopher 476
and Sino-Japanese War 266, 286
and United States 382
Journey to a War 266
Lions and Shadows 247
Ito, Michio 228
Jacob, Violet 166
‘The Field by the Lirk o' the Hill’ 167
Jacobson, Howard 609
James, Henry 228, 293, 614
Jarmain, John
and Brooke 300
and floral imagery 302
and women 310–11
‘El Alamein’ 302
‘Embarkation’ 370
‘Fear’ 310–11
‘Prisoners of War’ 311
‘Sleeping on Deck’ 310
‘Soldiers' Prayer’ 310
‘Thinking of War’ 300
Jarrell, Randall 422, 424, 435, 439, 442
‘The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner’ 493–4, 510
Jefferies, Richard 155
Jenkins, Robin 330
Jennings, Elizabeth 415
Jennings, Humphrey 370
Jesse, Betty 532
Jews, and First World War 96 see also Holocaust
jingoism 25, 368
Johnson, Jeffrey 549
Johnson, Samuel 515, 549
Johnston, Dillon 690
Johnston, Fred 662, 665
Johnston, John H. 101, 102–3, 111
Johnston, Tom 331
Jones, David 90, 96, 349, 422, 437
and artist's role 189
and beauty in war 175
and consciousness of the past 136
and cultural tradition 184–5
destruction of 185
and epic 672
and force 494
and influences on 184
and man as sign-maker 184
and modernist poetry 190–1
and transcendence 175
and Western Front landscape 190
‘Art in Relation to War’ 175
In Parenthesis 164, 174, 185–7
‘disciplines of the wars’ 134–6
Fussell's hostility to 136–7
Henry V 135–6
language 150–1
modernist poetry 190–1, 192–4
mythic method 184, 192–3
origins of 176
Jones, Ernest 16
Jones, John Gwilym 343
Jonson, Ben 141
Josselson, Michael 644
Joyce, James 558
Ulysses 671–2, 679
justice, and war poems 665
Karlin, Daniel 27
Kavanagh, Patrick 480
‘Epic’ 673–4
Kazantzis, Judith 113, 437–8
Keats, John:
and sensation 74
‘La Belle Dame sans Merci’ 257
‘Ode on a Grecian Urn’ 256, 280–1
Keegan, Paul 421
Kendall, Tim 601, 603, 605, 709–10, 711, 717
Kenner, Hugh 197
Kenyon Review 644
Keren, Leah 602–3
Kermode, Frank 628
Kerr, Joe 519–20
Kettle, Arnold 32
Kettle, T. M. 425, 438
Keyes, Sidney 318, 433
and agrarian imagery/arguments 402
and assessment of 418
and blankness 403–4
and cinema 400
and conflict within 412
and death of 398, 401, 414
and dramatic voice 406
and enabling eye 401–2
and finality 405
and floral imagery 302–3
and floridity 414
as gothic pastoralist 399
and John Clare 400–1, 402
(p. 738) as metaphysical poet 402
and Meyer's sketch of 399–400
and military service 406
and nature and metaphysics 402–4
and poetic craft 406–9
and poets admired by 400, 404
and power 405
and public expectations 415–16
and reality 409
and Rilke 407–9, 417
and role of artist 410–11, 416
and Romanticism 414–15
and Schiller 409–10
and self-assessment by 414
and vigils 413
and vision of 409
as war poet 406
‘A Garland for John Clare’ 400, 402
‘Buzzard’ 402
‘Cervières’ 302–3
Collected Poems 398, 399–400
The Cruel Solstice 398
‘For Milein, 1.xii.41’ 416–18
‘Holstenwall’ 400
The Iron Laurel 398, 408
Minos of Crete 398
‘Pheasant’ 402
‘Schiller Dying’ 409–10
‘The Artist in Society’ 406–7, 410–11, 416
‘The Foreign Gate’ 305, 408–9, 412
‘Timoshenko’ 411
‘War Poet’ 371
‘William Wordsworth’ 402–4, 417
Khan, Nosheen 104, 110, 111
Kiberd, Declan 228, 229, 233, 236, 678
Kinder-poets 598, 600, 606–12
and costs of survival 612
Kinnell, Galway 657
Kinsella, Thomas 560
Kipling, John 53, 64
Kipling, Rudyard:
and Auden 286
and avoiding disillusion/dispelling illusion 27–8
and influence of 28, 163–4, 165
and representation of soldiers 26–8, 55
and war poetry
Boer War 59–63, 65–6
changed apprehension of war 52–4
dual nature of 52
First World War 64–9
imperial wars 54–9
‘A Sahib's War’ 63
‘Arithmetic on the Frontier’ 52–4
Barrack-Room Ballads and Other Verses 26, 55, 57, 59, 61
‘Chant-Pagan’ 60–1, 63
‘Common Form’ 51–2
Departmental Ditties and Other Verses 53
Epitaphs of the War 51, 54, 67
‘For All We Have and Are’ 66–7, 430
‘Fuzzy-Wuzzy’ 59, 63
‘Gethsemane’ 68–9
‘Justice’ 66, 68
‘Lichtenberg’ 62
‘One Viceroy Resigns’ 55
‘Piet’ 63–4, 65–6
Puck of Pook's Hill 60, 146
‘Recessional’ 60
Rewards and Fairies 60, 146
Sea Warfare 64–5
‘Service Songs’ 60, 61
‘Shock’ 67
‘Snarleyow’ 57–9
‘That Day’ 27
‘The Absent-Minded Beggar’ 60
‘The Beginner’ 67
‘The Beginnings’ 65, 68
‘The Children’ 53, 54, 64
‘The Coward’ 67
‘The Instructor’ 25
‘The Parting of the Columns’ 61–2
‘The Refined Man’ 67
‘The Sleepy Sentinel’ 67
‘The Song of the Lathes’ 67
‘The Widow at Windsor’ 57
‘The Widow's Party’ 56–7
‘The Young British Soldier’ 27–8
‘Tin Fish’ 67–8
Traffics and Discoveries 63
Kirstein, Lincoln 442
Kluger, Ruth 594
Knight-Adkins, James 429
Knowland, A. S. 513
Koestler, Arthur 601
Kramer, Lotte 599, 600, 607, 608, 611
‘Cocoon’ 611
‘Scrolls’ 611–12
‘The Shoemaker's Wife’ 611
Kremer, S. Lillian 601
Kyle, Galloway 426
landscape, and ‘Spring Offensive’ 492–3
Larkin, Philip 117, 363, 439, 634–5
on Owen 119, 131
‘Here’ 634–5
‘MCMXIV’ 703
(p. 739) ‘What's Become of Wystan?’ 635
Larrea, Juan 514
Lasker-Wallfisch 597
Lasky, Melvin L. 644
Lawrence, D. H. 365
‘The Blind Man’ 78
Lawson, Peter 611
Leavis, F. R. 546
Ledward, Patricia 431, 433, 440
Lee, Joseph 161–4
and broadening of sympathies 164
and influences on 163–4
and use of dialect 164
‘Ancestry’ 164
Ballads of Battle 161, 163
‘Piou-Piou’ 163
Poems: Tales o' Our Town 161, 163
‘The Bullet’ 162
‘The Green Grass’ 162
‘The Waukrife Wyverns’ 161–2
‘Tommy and Fritz’ 163–4
Work-A-Day Warriors 161, 163, 164
Leed, Eric 76
Left Book Club 248
Lehmann, John 246, 247, 248
on Spender 254, 257
Poems for Spain 247, 364, 430–1
The Whispering Gallery 247
Leighton, Roland 155
Lenin, V. I. 276
Leslie, Mary E. 21
Letts, Winifred M. 109–10
Levertov, Denise 599
and Duncan-Levertov correspondence 655
‘During the Eichmann Trial’ 596
‘Life at War’ 647–8
‘Talk in the Dark’ 647
‘Tenebrae’ 655
Levi, Primo 442, 593, 598
Lewis, Alun 359–60, 363, 424, 433, 434, 439
and Christian iconography 303–5
and Edward Thomas 300
and floral imagery 301–2
and hetero-eroticism 308–10
‘All Day It Has Rained’ 219, 308, 355, 375
‘Finale’ 304–5
‘Goodbye’ 308
‘Indian Day’ 309
‘Last Pages of a Long Journal’ 304
‘Lines on a Tudor Mansion’ 303–4, 305
‘Raiders' Dawn’ 304, 308
‘The Crucifixion’ 305
‘The Journey’ 309
‘The Sentry’ 301
‘Threnody for a Starry Night’ 301–2
Lewis, C. S. 404
Lewis, Saunders 342, 343
Lewis, Wyndham 75, 191
Liberalism:
and First World War 194–6
and reason 195–6
and reasonableness 197
Liddell Hart, Basil 121
Liddiard, Jean 543, 545
lily, and Second World War poetry 301–2, 303
Lindsay, Maurice 315
Littlejohn, W. E. 427
Litvinoff, Emanuel 594, 599
‘To T. S. Eliot’ 594
Lloyd, Bertram 429
Lloyd, David 238
Llywelyn-Williams, Alis 352
Llywelyn-Williams, Alun
and background of 341–2
and Berlin poems 352–6
and creative conflict 361
and cynicism of young 346–7
and despair 344
and early Welsh war poetry 349–50
and experience of war 351–2
and hopes for improvement from war 345–6
and independence of 360
and love 347–8
and military service 343
and personality 361
and poetic output 343–4
and political disillusionment 344–5
and political lies 347
and reconciliation 356–7
and role of the poet 359
and social causes 360–1
and Tir Newydd (New Territory) 341–2
and vers libre 360
on war poetry 349, 357
and in wartime London 345–8
and wartime poetry 348–52
and Welsh culture 342
and Welsh literary tradition 359–60
and Welsh poetry 342
and Welsh-language poets and World War II 340–1
and work at BBC 342–3, 345
‘After Listening to the Doctor's Advice’ 344
‘After the Conflict’ 346
‘Ballad of the Phantoms’ 356, 358
‘Blaen Cwm Gwdi’ 345
‘Cefn Cwn Bychan’ 347–8
(p. 740) Cerddi 1934–1942 (‘Poems 1934–1942’) 343–4, 347, 348–9, 350, 359
‘Cui Bono?’ 346, 347
‘Exploring the Land’ 346
‘Gwys i'r Gad’ (‘A Call to Arms’) 355
‘Here in the Tranquil Fields’ 345
‘If the Rain Would Stop, Friend’ 344, 355
‘In Berlin-August 1945’ 352–6
‘In Night Battle’ 349–50
‘Lehrter Bahnof’ 353–4
‘Lounge on the Hill’ 344–5, 350
‘Love's Unity’ 347, 348
‘Men of Catraeth’ 350
‘Nothing Will Save Us but Our Hearts’ 347
‘On a Visit’ 356, 357–9
‘On the Threshold of War’ 344
Pont y Caniedydd (‘The Songster's Bridge’) 343, 346, 349, 350, 351, 359
‘Since Death is Close By’ 348
‘The Airman’ 346, 347
‘The Counter-Attack’ 350–1
‘The First Christmas of Peace’ 346, 359
‘The Poet of the World as it Is’ 359
‘The Poet's Penance’ 359
‘The World that Vexes Us’ 345–6
‘Theater des Westens’ 353, 355–6
‘When Freely We Stroll Again’ 346
Y Golau yn y Gwyll (‘The Light in the Gloom’) 343
‘Zehlendorf’ 353, 354–5
Lochhead, Liz 646
Lodge, David 357
Logue, Christopher 495
Lomax, Alan 322
Longenbach, James 228
Longley, Edna 437, 529, 532, 553, 693, 717, 721, 723
Longley, Michael 216, 439
and epic 676–7
and hybrid identity 554–5
and Rosenberg 552–5
‘For Isaac Rosenberg’ 555–9
impact of 559
and war poetry 553–4, 690
‘Altera Cithera’ 676
‘Bog Cotton’ 461, 462, 480, 552–3, 555
Cenotaph of Snow: Sixty Poems about War 553–4, 690
‘Edward Thomas's Poem’ 480
Gorse Fires 665
‘Granny’ 555
‘Master of Ceremonies’ 556–7
‘Mole’ 500
‘No Man's Land’ 545, 555
Snow Water 480
‘The Butchers’ 677
‘The Leveret’ 481
‘The Parting’ 676
‘War and Peace’ 480
loss, and women's First World War poetry 110–11
Lovelace, Timothy 23
Lowell, Amy 428
Lowell, Robert 55
‘Fall 1961’ 569
‘Women, Children, Babies, Cows, Cats’ 568–9, 572
Loy, Mina 437, 447, 449–56
and birth 455
and conception 452, 453
as extremist 456
and female consciousness 450
and feminine politics 449–50
and First World War 450
and Futurism 449, 455
and pregnancy 452–3
and procreation 456
and sex 449, 451–2, 453–4
and war 454
impact on private experience 455
‘Aphorisms on Futurism’ 449–50
‘Der Blinde Junge’ 455
‘Feminist Manifesto’ 450, 456
‘Parturition’ 453, 454–5
‘Songs to Joannes’ 449, 451–6
Lucas, James 414
Lucas, Sir Jocelyn 287
Lukács, Georg 616, 656, 662
Lushington, Franklin 17
Lushington, Henry 17
luxury, and women's First World War poetry 105–6
Lyon, John 1
Macaulay, Rose 445
‘Picnic’ 109
McAuliffe, John 664
MacBride, John 229, 235
MacCaig, Norman 330
McCartney, Colum 695
McCrae, John, and ‘In Flanders Fields’ 300
Macdermott, G. H. 25
MacDermott, Sean 234
MacDiarmid, Hugh 154, 165, 327, 331
MacDonagh, Thomas 229, 234
MacDonald, Cicely 329
(p. 741) McDonald, H. C. 160
MacDonald, Nina 106
McDonald, Peter 288, 378, 712, 716–17
MacDonald, Robert 23
MacDonell, Alasdair Dubh 329
MacFarlane, Robert 721, 722
MacGill, Patrick 161
Machiavelli, Niccolò 135
MacInnes, Mairi 512
Mackintosh, Alan 168–72
and Highland traditions 168–9, 170–1
‘Cha Till MacCruimein’ 171
‘Mallaig Bay’ 170
‘Return’ 169–70
‘The Remembered Gods’ 169
‘The Volunteer’ 170
Maclaren-Ross, Julian 366
Maclean, John 330–1
MacLean, Sorley 318, 326–30, 433–4
‘An Cuilithionn’/‘The Cuillin’ 327
‘Curaidhean’/‘Heroes’ 328–9
Dàin do Eimhir sequence 326–8
‘Dol an Iar’/‘Going Westward’ 328
‘Glac a' Bhàis’/‘Death Valley’ 329
‘Knightsbridge, Libia’ 327
‘Latha Foghair’/‘An Autumn Day’ 329–30
Macleay, John 26
Macmillan, Harold 633–4
MacNeice, Louis 118, 431, 435
and Auden 215, 216
and pastoral poetry 475, 476–8
on poetry 1, 2
and politics and poetry 365
and Second World War
Blitz 388–90
commitment to 378–9, 383, 395
common purpose 387–8
Eleanor Clark 380–1, 382–3
father's death 393–4
guilt 394–5
individual's role 396
Ireland 379, 381–2, 395–6
journalism 388–9
marriage 397
return to England 377–8, 383, 386, 387
stylite image 385–6
suicide 386–7
in United States 382–3
work for BBC 377, 387–8
on Wordsworth 473
‘Autobiography’ 387, 392
Autumn Journal 261–3, 381, 674
‘Bar-Room Matins’ 434
‘Broken Windows or Thinking Aloud’ 390, 391
‘Brother Fire’ 388, 389, 517
The Burning Perch 377, 396
‘Coming from Nowhere’ 386
‘Convoy’ 391–2
The Dark Tower 379, 397
‘Eclogue from Iceland’ 261, 475, 476–7
‘Entirely’ 384–5
‘Last Will and Testament’ 477
‘Letter to Graham and Anne Shepard’ 477–8
Letters from Iceland 473, 475–6, 477
‘London Letters 388
‘Neutrality’ 395–6, 397
‘Novelettes’ 390–1
Plant and Phantom 377, 383, 384, 397
Poems 1925–1940 383
‘Postscript’ 397
‘Prayer before Birth’ 394
‘Prayer in Mid-Passage’ 390
Solstices 396, 718
Springboard 377, 388, 390, 391, 392, 394, 395, 396, 397
The Strings Are False 250, 379, 381–2, 386, 387
‘Stylite’ 385–6
‘Suicide’ 390–1
‘The Casualty’ 392–3
‘The Closing Album’ 381–2, 473, 478
‘The Coming of War’ 379–81
‘The Death-Wish’ 386–7
‘The Expert’ 390
‘The Introduction’ 392
‘The Kingdom’ 391, 393–4
‘The Springboard’ 396–7
‘The Sunlight on the Garden’ 384
‘The Trolls’ 389–90, 517, 518
‘Thyestes’ 394
‘Troll's Courtship’ 390, 393
‘Whit Monday’ 397
MacPherson, James, and Ossian 670
Mahon, Derek 216
and epic 674–6
‘A Disused Shed in Co. Wexford’ 675–6
‘The Last of the Fire Kings’ 294 n54, 675
Makin, Peter 624
Mametz Wood, battle of 187, 194
Manchester Guardian 196
Mandela, Nelson 701
Mandelstam, Olip 651
Mangan, James Clarence, and ‘Dark Rosaleen’ 672
Manifold, John 433, 435
Mann, Erica 476
(p. 742) Mann, Hamish 156
‘A Scotsman's Reply to an Offer of Transfer to the R.W.F.’ 171
A Subaltern's Musings 156
Mannin, Ethel 289
Manning, Olivia 433
Marinetti, Filippo 449
Maritain, Jacques 184
Markiewicz, Constance 229, 234
Marrus, Michael R. 596
Marsh, Edward 89, 91, 97–8, 184
Marston, Westland 14
Marvell, Andrew 294 n54, 465, 475, 591
Marwick, Arthur 363
Marx, Karl 254
masculinity, and First World War poetry 100–3, 104–5
Masefield, John 368
Massey, Gerald 16
Mavericks 637
Maxton, James 331
Mayer, Gerda 599, 600, 607–8, 609, 610–11
‘Children with Candles’ 609
‘God Wot’ 609
‘Grandfather's House’ 610
‘In his orchard’ 610
‘The Agnostic's Prayer’ 609
Mead, Margaret 151
media, and war 657–8
Melville, Herman 626
memorialization 519–20
memory, see war memory
Mendelson, Edward 275
Meredith, George:
‘Grandfather Bridgeman’ 20
Modern Love 20
Merleau-Ponty, Maurice 77
Meyer, Michael 398, 399
Meynell, Alice 426
‘Summer in England 1914’, 109
Middleton, Christopher 640
Millard, Kenneth 43
Miller, Alex 637
Miller, Henry 365
Millett, Kate 605
Milner, Ian 638
Miłosz, Czesław 441, 688
Milton, John 505
Ministry of Information, and First World War poetry 165
Mitchell, Ruth Comfort 438
Mitchison, Naomi 440
Modern Poetry in Translation 639
modernist poetry 616
and Adorno 615–16
and aestheticism 231
and dearth of ‘combat’ poets 191
and Eliot 190, 191, 200–5
and Graves 225
and impact of First World War 191
and invention 224
and Jones 190–1, 192–4
and Liberal idiom 196–7
and multiple viewpoints 511
and nature of 231
and In Parenthesis (Jones) 190–1, 192–4
and post-war American poets 617–18
and post-war British poets 618
Bunting 622–7
Prynne 627–31
and Sassoon 225
modernity, and Arnold on 10–11
Montague, C. E. 172
Montague, John 678
‘A New Siege’ 678
‘Old Mythologies’ 678–9
Poisoned Lands 678
The Rough Field 678
A Slow Dance 679
Montefiore, Janet 111, 112
Montgomery, Stuart 641
Moore, Marcus 662
Moore, Marianne 435
Moore, Michael 659
Moore, Nicholas 434
Moore Smith, G. C. 140
Morgan, Edwin 318, 320–1, 330, 638, 641
‘The New Divan’ 320–1
‘The Unspoken’ 320
Morgan, Kenneth 561
Morris, William
‘Concerning Geffray Teste Noir’ 19–20
In Defence of Guinevere and Other Poems 19
‘The Wind’ 20
Morrison, Blake 581
Motion, Andrew 439, 657
Mottram, Eric 641, 642
Moule, Horace 38
mourning:
and First World War 138
and women's First World War poetry 112–13
Movement poets 582–3
and characterization of 634
and Cold War poetry 634–7
Muggeridge, Malcolm
and Spanish Civil War 249
on Spender 255
(p. 743) Muldoon, Paul 294 n54, 480, 651–2, 657
and critical assessments of 707
and detachment 707, 714–17, 722
and the Holocaust 720, 722, 723
and individual and history 721–2, 723
and moral judgement 709–11
and moral sensibility 717–19
and Northern Ireland conflict 691, 708, 711–14, 718, 720
and violence 708–9, 714–16, 717
and war poetry 706–8, 719
‘Anseo’ 712–13
‘Armageddon, Armageddon’ 712
‘At the Sign of the Black Horse’ 481, 482, 719–23
‘Bang’ 711–12
‘Cuba’ 651–2
‘Good Friday, 1971. Driving Westwards’ 710–11
Horse Latitudes 723
‘Incantata’ 718
‘Ireland’ 463, 713
‘Mink’ 714, 715, 716
Moy Sand and Gravel 480, 722
Mules 711
New Weather 709, 711
Quoof 707, 713, 715, 720
‘The Field Hospital’ 709–10, 711
‘The Grand Conversation’ 560
‘The More a Man Has’ 715–18, 720
‘The Sightseers’ 713–14
‘Whitehorns’ 480–1
Why Brownlee Left 712
multiculturalism 148–9
Murray, Charles 166
‘When will the War be by?’ 167
Murray, John 168, 172
Murry, John Middleton 77
on Owen 115–16, 124
music-hall, in Victorian period 25–6
Nairac, Robert 714
Napoleon I, and The Dynasts 44–6, 47
nationalism 368, 372
Nazi-Soviet Pact (1939–249, 365
Nettleingham, F. T. 425
Neumeier, Beate 610
neurasthenia, see shell-shock
‘New Apocalypse’ group 318, 434
New Criticism 375
New Left 641
New Statesman 197
New Writing 246, 247, 248, 259, 318
Newbolt, Henry 163, 428
Admirals All 163
‘Vitaï Lampada’ 28
newspapers:
and Crimean War 13–14, 16, 18
and expansion of 25
and First World War 196
and Indian Mutiny 20–1
and Scottish poetry 159–62
Nicholas, T. E. 341
Nicholas I, Tsar 18
Nichols, Robert 144, 431
‘Comrades’ 427
Nicholson, Frank 117–18
Nicholson, John 21
Nicholson, Norman 518–19
‘Bombing Practice’ 518
‘Evacuees’ 519
Nietzsche, Friedrich 291
Noakes, Vivien 543
Noel-Tod, Jeremy 723
non-combatant poets 654
and Harrison 658–60
and Pinter 660–1
and Shapcott 657
nonsense poetry and verse 283
Northern Ireland conflict:
and Cold War poetry 648–52
and community 677–8
and epic 669–70, 677–8
community united 674
Heaney 679–83
Joyce 671–2
Kavanagh 673–4
Longley 676–7
MacNeice 674
Mahon 674–6
Montague 678–9
Yeats 672–3
and pastoral poetry 479–82
and poets' response to 691
Noyes, Alfred 140
nursery rhymes, and Graves on 217
Oasis (Second World War anthology) 317, 363
O'Brien, Sean 657, 718
O'Brien, Tim, and nature of war 491–2
O'Casey, Sean:
The Plough and the Stars 239
The Silver Tassie 239–40, 494–5
O'Kelly, Alanna 648
Olds, Sharon 657
Olson, Charles 627
Omdurman, battle of (1898) 8
Onions, John 189
(p. 744) Oppen, George 617, 623
‘Of Being Numerous’ 617–18
‘Route’ 617
Orwell, George 636
and Auden's ‘Spain 1937’275, 286, 365
and community 376
on Hardy 44
and patriotism 367–8
Homage to Catalonia 248
‘Inside the Whale’ 365
The Lion and the Unicorn 367
‘Notes on Nationalism’ 373–4
Osborn, E. B. 144–5, 147, 426–7
O Seaghda, Barra 709
Ó Searcaigh, Cathal:
and the past 560
and role of poet 559–60
and Rosenberg 560
‘For Isaac Rosenberg’ 545, 560–3
Ó Siadhail, Michael 560
Otero, Blas de 513
Ouditt, Sharon 104, 105, 113
on Barker 208–9
Owen, Colin 87
Owen, Geraint Dyfnallt 343
Owen, Harold 81, 116
Owen, Susan 120
Owen, Wilfred 35, 36, 102
and afflatus 127, 128
and anger 502
and appropriation of poems of 115–16
and body in pain 81–2, 84
and compassion 131
and cultural prominence of 114–15
and death of 120
and death of servant 73–4, 83
and fatalism 132
and feeling 83
and glorification of battle 126
on Graves 220
and heterogeneity of work 121
and homoeroticism 80, 86, 311
and Hughes' comparison with Douglas 531
and image as war poet 422
and importance of 133
and influence of Decadents 79–80
and inwardness of war 130
and lifetime publications 118–19
and military hospital 80–1
and misogyny 446
and motives for poems 124
and need for closer reading of 115
and obsession with pain and illness 81–2
and pity 130–2, 289, 564
and plans for future 120–1
and pleasure 88
and poetic language 85, 86
and poet's task 130–1, 351, 431
and posthumous literary career 118
and preface for war poems 130–1, 289, 306, 706
and published collections of 119
and questioning of achievement of 33
and religious faith 306
and Sassoon's influence 121–2, 210
and sense experience 73–4, 78–9, 82–3, 88
and Shakespeare 137–8
and shell shock 120
and soldier-civilian distance 125
and sounds 84
and suffering 483, 503
aesthetics of 484–5
and tensions within poetry 87
and trench experience 75, 76, 119–20
on Victoria Cross 10
and war poetry anthologies 422, 429, 430
and wartime career 119–21
‘1914’ 124, 179
‘A Terre’ 119, 462
‘Anthem for Doomed Youth’ 124, 126, 137, 257–8
‘Apologia pro Poemate Meo’ 80, 89, 124–8
‘Arms and the Boy’ 123
‘Disabled’ 80, 119, 121, 122–4, 127, 172–3, 311
‘Dulce et Decorum Est’ 83–5, 119, 124, 125, 126, 311, 364, 423, 564–5
‘Earth's wheels run oiled with blood’ 128
‘Exposure’ 85–7
‘Futility’ 98, 118, 121, 124, 499
‘Greater Love’ 79–80, 90, 124
‘Hospital Barge’ 118, 124
The Hydra 78, 118
‘Identity Disc’ 124
‘Insensibility’ 119, 126
‘Inspection’ 122, 124, 148, 150
‘Mental Cases’ 82, 119, 121, 123
‘Miners’ 118, 123, 503
‘On Seeing a Piece of Our Heavy Artillery Brought into Action’ 123
‘Smile, Smile, Smile’ 127
‘Song of Songs’ 118
‘Spring Offensive’ 87–8, 119, 125, 129–30, 471, 492–3
‘Strange Meeting’ 119, 121, 123, 125, 128–9, 258, 510
‘The Chances’ 119, 122, 123
‘The Dead Beat’ 119, 122
(p. 745) ‘The Kind Ghosts’ 85
‘The Last Laugh’ 124
‘The Parable of the Old Man and the Young’ 306
‘The Poet in Pain’ 483, 484, 503
‘The Sentry’ 2, 83, 119, 126
‘The Show’ 119, 129
‘Wild with All Regrets’ 82
Padelford, Frederick Morgan 140
Pagis, Dan 598
pain:
as activating condition 503
and aesthetics of 486
and expression of 485–6, 487
and force 493
Jones 494
Logue 495
ƠCasey 494–5
Owen 492–3
Randall 492–4
Rosenberg 495–6
Sassoon 494
and grief:
anger 500–2
corpses 498–9
forgetting 499–500
Homer 497–8
literary pedigree 498
and Homer's Iliad and experience of war 486–91
anger 487–8
force 489–91
grief 488
peace-in-war 488–9
and language 485
and nature of war 491–2
and Owen 483–5
‘Spring Offensive’ 492–3
and peace-in-war:
Douglas 497
Ehrhart 496
Yeats 496–7
and war poetry 485
Papini, Giovanni 449
Parfitt, George 148, 307
Parry-Williams, T. H. 348
Parsons, I. M. 129–30, 436, 543
Partridge, Eric 149–50
passivity:
and following orders 506
and poetry 505
and suffering 239, 287, 504, 505
pastoral poetry:
and definition 461
and eclogue 462
and epic 463
and First World War poetry:
Blunden 471–2
Gurney 469–70, 472
and georgic 462
and inter-war poetry 473–8
Auden 473, 475–6, 477
MacNeice 475, 476–8
Yeats 473–5
and Northern Ireland 479–82
Heaney 479, 480, 481
Hewitt 479–80
Longley 480, 481
Muldoon 480–1, 482
and patriotic poetry 462
and war poetry 462–5
Patmore, Coventry 3, 694
patriotic poetry:
and First World War anthologies 424–8
and pastoral poetry 462
Thomas 468–9
and Second World War 362, 363, 364
1940–1942 367–72
final phase of war 372–6
Munich to fall of Chamberlain 364–7
Paulin, Tom 677
and the Holocaust 599, 600–1
The Invasion Handbook 600, 605
peace-in-war
and Douglas 497
and Ehrhart 496
and Homer's Iliad 488–9
and Yeats 496–7
Peake, Mervyn 597
Pearl, Sherman 421
Pearse, Andrew 407
Pearse, Patrick 229, 234
Penguin New Writing series 318
People's Journal 160–1
Peppis, Paul 452
Perloff, Marjorie 655
Pettit, Henry 25–6
Phillips, Adam 92
Phillips, Caryl 598
Picasso, Pablo, and Guernica 513–14, 516
Piette, Adam 363
Pikoulis, John 300
Pinter, Harold 657
and politics and poetry 660–1
‘American Football’ 660–1
‘Democracy’ 660, 661
(p. 746) ‘God Bless America’ 660
‘The “Special Relationship”’ 660
Piper, John 369
Pitter, Ruth 440
Plain, Gill 104, 111, 112
Plath, Aurelia 525
Plath, Sylvia 524, 533, 582
and Douglas 525–6, 531
and the Holocaust 597, 599, 600, 601–6
Ariel 602
‘Daddy’ 602, 603, 606
‘Getting There’ 603
‘Lady Lazarus’ 602, 603, 604
‘Mary's Song’ 603–4
Plunkett, Joseph 229, 234
politics and poetry 654–5
and Adorno 656–7
and anti-war poetry 662
and ant-war anthologies 661–2
and Auden:
flight from politics 285–6
impotence 286–7
‘poetry makes nothing happen’ 279–86
and contemporary poets 657
and Duncan-Levertov correspondence 655–6
and Empson 293–4
and Harrison 658–60
and Harsent 662–5
and Heaney 692–3
and media and war 657–8
and pain 503
and Pinter 660–1
and Second World War patriotic poetry:
1940–1942 367–72
final phase of war 372–6
Munich to fall of Chamberlain 364–7
and ‘whataboutery’ 661
and Yeats 287–93
Popa, Vasko 639
Pope, Jessie:
‘Cricket’ 125
‘The Nut's Birthday’ 106
‘War Girls’ 105
poppy, in war poetry 300–1
popular poetry, and Scottish poetry 159–66
Porter, Bernard 148–9
Porter, Peter 599, 610
Pound, Ezra 228
and modernist poetry 192
on poetry 406
and reasonableness 197
The Cantos 616
‘Homage to Sextus Propertius’ 197–9
‘Studies in Contemporary Mentality’ 197
Powell, Anne 440
Powell, Michael 370
Priestley, J. B. 367
Prince, F. T. 433
‘Soldiers Bathing’ 130, 309, 501
propaganda, and war poetry 165
Propertius 198
Elegiae 198
Prynne, J. H. 618, 627–31
and Cold War poetry 642–3
and imperialism 629–30
‘A Gold Ring Called Reluctance’ 628, 630, 631
‘Die a Millionaire’ 628, 629
Kitchen Poems 627
‘Moon Poem’ 643
‘On the Matter of Thermal Packing’ 643
‘Star Damage at Home’ 643
‘The Numbers’ 630–1
‘The Western Gate’ 642–3
The White Stones 642
Pudney, John 433
‘For Johnny’ 370–1
Pyle, Ernie 615
Quarterly Review 30
Quasimodo, Salvatore 511
Quiller-Couch, Sir Arthur 370
Quinn, John 228, 233
Quinney, Laura 720, 721
Rait, Suzanne 104
Rajan, B. 407
Ramazani, Jahan 117, 290, 461–2
Ranasinghe, Anne 599
Ratazzi, Peter 433
Rawlinson, Mark 363, 706, 707, 708, 719
Rawnsley, W. F. 16
Read, Herbert 249, 349, 429
and Keyes 398
‘A Song for the Spanish Anarchists’ 260
‘Bombing Casualties in Spain’ 260
Politics of the Unpolitical 369
‘The Heart Conscripted’ 260
‘To a Conscript of 1940’ 368, 431, 434
reason, and liberalism 195–6
reasonableness, and Pound on 197
Reavey, George 638
Redmond, John 229
Reed, Henry 374, 433
‘Judging Distances’ 463, 464
‘Naming of Parts’ 366, 463–4
Reid, Christopher 663
(p. 747) Reilly, Catherine 104, 112, 113, 363, 424, 428, 432, 437, 439, 440, 445, 456
religion, and Christian militarism 24
Remarque, Erich Maria 630
remembrance 519–20
reportage:
and Greene's The Quiet American 614–15
and poetry 616–17
representation, and crisis of 592–3
Reverdy, Pierre 511
Rhys, Keidrich 423, 432–3
Rich, Adrienne 421, 605, 657
‘Aunt Jennifer's Tigers’ 612
‘Song’ 282
Richtofen, Wolfram von 514
Ricks, Christopher 281, 293
Rickword, Edgell 93, 422
‘To the Wife of A Non-Intervention Statesman’ 260
Riding, Laura 212, 225, 289, 415
A Pamphlet Against Anthologies 422
Ridler, Anne 440
Rilke, Rainer Maria, and Keyes 407–9
Roberts, R. Meirion 341
Robertson, Alexander 156–7
‘Survivors’ 157
‘The New Aeneid’ 427
Robinson, Alan 588
Robinson, Peter 718
and Cold War poetry 645–6
‘Finding the Range’ 645–6
Rodgers, W. R. 434
Rodman, Selden 435
Rogers, Sylvia 607
Romilly, Giles 325–6
Rorty, Richard 595
Rose, Jonathan 148
Rosenberg, Isaac 36, 102, 148, 422, 430
and absence of disillusionment 179
and beauty 181
and complexity of poetry 558
and critique of war 94
and death of 542
and death's inevitability 182
and despair 184
and Eliot 546, 547
and enlists 179
and exile 176, 180, 182
and experience of war 176
and God 177, 180
and Hill's ‘For Isaac Rosenberg’ 545–52
and Houston on 546–7
and ideas 89, 91
and influence of 545, 552
and influence of background on 91–2
and joy 181
and lack of recognition 542–3, 546–7
and Longley on 553
‘For Isaac Rosenberg’ 545, 555–9
and man's destructiveness 183
and Metaphysical poets 90, 95, 544, 547–9
and nature of poetry of 543–4
and nobility 182
and Ó Searcaigh's ‘For Isaac Rosenberg’ 545, 560–3
and originality of 92
as outsider 89, 93
and painter's eye 93–4
and re-creation through war 179
and renewed interest in 543
and role as artist 178–9
and sense experience 95
and simple poetry 177
and soul 182–3
and trench experience 92, 183
and true reality 176–7
on war 559
and Yeats' dismissal of 544
‘August 1914’ 36
‘Break of Day in the Trenches’ 78, 92, 95–6, 180, 300–1, 548–9, 561
‘Daughters of War’ 183
‘Dead Man's Dump’ 93, 97–8, 182–3, 412, 495–6
‘God’ 177
Hark, Hark the Lark 94
‘In War’ 91
‘Louse Hunting’ 95, 96–7
‘Marching-as seen from the left file’ 93–4
‘Night and Day’ 176–7
‘Night and Day’ 176–7
‘On Receiving News of the War: Cape Town’ 92, 177–8
‘Returning, we hear the larks’ 77, 94–5, 180–2, 563
‘The Jew’ 96
‘The Pre-Raphaelites and Imagination in Paint’ 94
‘The Troop Ship’ 179
‘The Unicorn’ 181
‘The Young Dead’ 182–3
Ross, Alan 439, 444
Ross, Robert 120
Ross, Ronald 140, 143
Rossetti, Christina 68
‘In the Round Tower at Jhansi, June 8, 1857’ 21
Rothenstein, Sir William 228
(p. 748) Rowland, Antony 604–5, 612
Rowse, A. L. 369
Ró¤ewicz, Tadeusz 598
Rubens, Bernice 598
Ruddock, Margot 289
Rukeyser, Muriel 435, 617, 618, 630
‘Poem’ 617
Ruskin, John, and benefits of war 36
Russell, Bertrand 122
Russell, William Howard
and charge of the Light Brigade 14
and Crimean War 13–14
Rutherford, Andrew 32
Sachs, Nelly 599, 603
‘A Dead Child Speaks’ 609
Sackville-West, Vita 433
Saint-Exupéry, Antoine de 509
Saintsbury, George 51
Salmond, J. B. 166
Samuels, Diane 610
Sargent, John Singer, and Gassed 84
Sartre, Jean-Paul 656
Sassoon, Siegfried 35, 36, 102, 433
and anger 500–2
and attitude towards war 220–1
and Graves 209–10
accounts of first meeting 210–12
acrimony between 222
aesthetic differences 216
breakdown of relationship 222–3
different attitudes to poetic tradition 214–15
meaning of home 214
relationship between 212
verse letters between 215–16
and internal conflicts 221
and isolation of 225
and marginalization of 220, 225
and misogyny 446
and modernist poetry 225
and music 216
and Owen 82, 99, 225
and protest letter of 121–2, 221–2
on Rosenberg 78, 89, 99
and satirical poems 217–18
and stylistic weaknesses 213
and trench experience 76
and truth 224
and war poetry anthologies 428, 430
‘A Letter Home (To Robert Graves)’ 213–14
‘A Mystic as Soldier’ 216
‘A Working Party’ 76–7
‘Absolution’ 427
‘Autumn’ 494
‘Base Details’ 217
‘Blighters’ 218, 220
‘Counter-Attack’ 218
‘Died of Wounds’ 225
‘Does it Matter?’ 423, 429
‘Everyone Sang’ 216–17
‘France’ 216
The Heart's Journey 222
‘Letter to Robert Graves’ 222–3, 224
Memoirs of an Infantry Officer 211, 423
‘On Passing the New Menin Gate’ 551
‘Repression of War Experience’ 82, 218
‘Secret Music’ 216
Siegfried's Journey 212
‘Silent Service’ 226
‘The Dug-Out’ 310
‘The General’ 217, 432
‘The Glory of Women’ 118, 426, 502
‘The Hero’ 225, 567
‘The Kiss’ 213, 220–1
‘The Poet as Hero’ 216, 500–2
‘The Rear-Guard’ 427
‘The Redeemer’ 122
‘To Any Dead Officer’ 212
‘To the Warmongers’ 502–3
‘To Victory’ 216
Saunders, Denis 317 n 9
Savage, D. S. 369
Savonarola, Girolamo 334
Scammell, William 307, 312, 537, 540
Scannell, Vernon 318
Scarfe, Francis 366
Scarry, Elaine 82, 485
Schiff, Hilda 441, 594–5, 601
Schiff, Sydney 179
Schiller, Friedrich 409–10, 415
Schimanski, Stefan 407
Schlepper, Almut 561
Schmidt, Michael 413, 581
Schupham, Peter 456
Scotsman 159–60
Scott, Marion 175, 187
Scottish literature:
and First World War poetry:
Anglo-Scottish poets 154–9
authenticity 172
Eliot's view of 153–4, 173
Highland traditions 168–9, 170–1
newspapers 159–62
wider use of resources of 172–3
and Second World War poetry:
desert war 318, 324
Edwin Morgan 320–1
G. S. Fraser 315–17, 318, 319–20, 321–2
George Campbell Hay 331–6
Hamish Henderson 317, 318, 322–6
resistance to war 330
Robert Garioch 318, 337–9
Scottish idiom 323
socialism 330–1
Sorley MacLean 318, 326–30
Scott-Moncrieff, C. K. 120
Scovell, E. J. 440, 447, 456–60
and flower poems 456–8
and marriage/children poems 456, 458–9
and style of 456
and women's wartime writing 459–60
‘A Room at Nightfall’ 457
‘A Time for Sleeping’ 458
‘A Wife’ 458
‘An Elegy’ 459–60
‘Barbara’ 458
‘Love's Immaturity’ 458
‘Marriage and Death’ 458
‘Mid-Winter Flowers’ 457
Shadows of Chrysanthemums 449, 456
‘Shadows of Chrysanthemums’ 457–8
‘The Azalea by the Window’ 456–7
‘The First Year’ 458–9
‘The Poor Mother’ 458
Scutts, Joanna 100–1
Sebald, W. G. 363
Second World War poetry:
and desert war 318, 324
and influence of First World War poets 299–300
Christian iconography 303–7
flower imagery 300–3
homoeroticism 307–8, 309, 310, 311–13
sense of tradition 313–14
and late flowering of 583
and the lily 301–2, 303
and literate army 316–17
and patriotic poetry 362, 363, 364
1940–1942 367–72
final phase of war 372–6
Munich to fall of Chamberlain 364–7
and the poppy 301
and popular perception of 363
and variety of 318
Seeger, Alan 422
Seferis, George 687
Segal, Lore 607
Selinger, Eric Murphy 454
Selwyn, Victor 317–18, 433, 440
senses:
and First World War poetry 76–8
and trench experience 75–6
and war poetry 74
Service, Robert 161
Sewell, Frank 560, 561–2
Seymour, Miranda 209
Shakespeare, William:
and A Book of Homage to Shakespeare 139–41
Hardy's ‘To Shakespeare’ 141–2, 143
nature of 143
and England 146–7
and First World War 136–7
Elizabethan imagination 144–6
relevance to 140, 142–3, 144, 151, 152
use of by soldiers 149–50, 151
and Owen 137–8
and In Parenthesis (Jones) 134–6, 150–1
and pervasive influence of 138
and popularity of 148
and Shakespeare in Time of War 148
and tercentenary of death 139–40
and weeping 290–2
and Yeats's uses of 290–2
the Henriad 142–3
Henry V 135–6
King Lear 291
Macbeth 291
Richard II 620
Troilus and Cressida 141–2
shame, and war poetry 2
Shapcott, Jo, and ‘Phrase Book’ 657–8
Shapiro, Harvey 442
Shapiro, Karl 435
Shelley, Percy Bysshe 467
shell-shock 73, 80, 82, 567
and Owen 120
Shepard, Graham 392–3
Sherriff, R. C. 83
Showalter, Elaine 103–4
Shreiber, Maeera 454
Silkin, Jon 98, 126, 349, 363, 638
and Cold War poetry 637–8
and First World War poetry 36–7, 103, 437
on Hardy 37, 43
on Rosenberg 543
Simpson, Louis 435, 439, 442, 657
The Arrivists 567
‘Carentant O Carentan’ 567
Good News of Death 567
‘The Heroes’ 566, 567–8
Sinclair, May 430, 438
(p. 750) Sinfield, Alan 605
Singer, James Hyman (Burns Singer) 336–7
‘In Memoriam Keith Douglas’ 336
Still and All 336
‘The Transparent Prisoner’ 336–7
Sinn Féin 229, 474
Sitwell, Edith 119, 371, 440
‘Still Falls the Rain’ 516
Sitwell, Osbert 306
Skeffington, Francis Sheehy 230, 235
Slater, Montagu 250
‘Old Spain’ 250
Smart, Christopher 371
Smiles, Samuel 23
Smith, Alexander 16
Smith, Ken 640
Smith, Marion 425
Smith, Stevie 440, 610
Smith, Sydney Goodsir:
‘El Alamein’ 336
‘October 1941’ 335
‘The Mither's Lament’ 336
‘The Refugees: A Complaynt’ 335–6
Snow, C. P. 375
socialism:
and Scottish poetry 330–1
and Second World War patriotic poetry 370–1
soldiers:
and First World War poetry 36
In Parenthesis (Jones) 185–7
and Kipling's representation of 26–8, 55
and song 149–50
and use of Shakespeare 149–50
and Victorian attitudes towards 23–4
in Victorian poetry and culture 25–8
Somme, Battle of the 231
song:
and First World War anthologies 425
and private soldiers 149–50
Sorley, Charles Hamilton 36, 102
as British poet 154–5
‘All the Hills and Vales Along’ 155
Marlborough and Other Poems 155
‘Two Sonnets’ 468
‘When You See Millions of the Mouthless Dead’ 155
South Africa 701
Spanish Civil War poetry 245–50, 259–63
and air war 512–14
and anthology of 247, 364, 430–1
and Auden's ‘Spain 1937’ 78
and Communist poets 250–4
and depersonalization 251–2
and disillusionment 248–9
and fury in poetry 565–6
and protest 513
and Spender 254–9
and symbolic view of the war 265
and war as test 247–8, 252
Spear, Hilda D. 303, 304
Spencer, Bernard 433
Spender, Sir John 201
Spender, Stephen 371–2, 435, 599
and Communism 246–7, 250
and Encounter 644
on Owen 121, 132
on Picasso's Guernica 513–14
‘A Stopwatch and an Ordnance Map’ 255
‘Air Raid across the Bay at Plymouth’ 515
‘At Castellon’ 257
Collected Poems 1928–1985 515
‘Fall of a City’ 257
‘In No Man's Land’ 256
Poems for Spain 247, 364, 430–1
‘Poets and Airmen’ 434
‘Port Bou’ 258–9
‘Spain Invites the World's Writers’ 259
The Still Centre 254, 256
‘The Coward’ 255
‘Thoughts during an Air Raid’ 254–5, 514
‘Two Armies’ 257–8
‘Ultima Ratio Regum’ 255
‘War Photograph’ 255–7
World within World 250
Squire, J. C. 431
St Paul 50
Stahl, Ernst 379, 381
Stallworthy, Jon 117, 119, 443
Stanford, Derek 366
Stein, Gertrude 447
and war writing 448–9
‘Lifting Belly’ 447–8
Steiner, George 361, 582, 602
Stephen, Leslie 39
Sterling, Robert W. 155
‘Maran’ 155
Poems 155
‘To Pembroke College’ 155–6
Stevens, Wallace 435, 444
Stewart, John 157
and use of dialect 157–8
‘Alma Mater’ 158
Grapes of Thorns 157
‘If I Should Fall upon the Field’ 158
‘Left her Lane’ 157–8
‘Of the Poet’ 158
Strachey, Lytton 8
(p. 751) strategic bombing:
and aims of 506
and civilian deaths 506–7
and Empson 507
and protection of military personnel 508
and Second World War campaign 372–3, 508
and Second World War poetry 510–12
and Spanish Civil War 512–14
and total war 507, 508
Stubbs, John 534
Suez crisis 633
suffering:
and aesthetics of 484–5
and literary productivity 484
and making known 485
and Owen 483–4
and passivity 505
and poetry 483–4
Sutherland, Graham 369
Sutherland, Keston 665
Swift, Todd 661, 662
Swinburne, A. C.
‘Reverse’ 39
‘The Transvaal’ 29, 39, 40
Symon, Mary 166
Symonds, John Addington 17
Symons, Julian 432, 435
Synge, J. M. 2, 407
Tacitus 665
Tailhade, Laurent 79
Taliesin 349–50
Tambimuttu, M. J. 423, 434
Tarn, Nathaniel 594
Tate, James 442
Tate, Trudi 104
and Tennyson's ‘Charge of the Light Brigade’ 14–15
Taylor, Martin 438
Tennyson, Alfred, Lord:
and imperial anxieties 22
and Indian Mutiny 21–2
and poetry as action 17
The Charge of the Heavy Brigade at Balaclava 17
Idylls of the King 21–2
Maud 17–19
In Memoriam 49
‘The Charge of the Light Brigade’ 14–16, 75, 506, 569
‘The Last Tournament’ 22
‘Ulysses’ 280
Terkel, Studs 363
Theocritus 463
Thomas, D. M. 598
Thomas, David 213, 500
Thomas, Dylan 371, 433, 434, 435
‘A Refusal to Mourn the Death, by Fire, of a Child in London’ 517–18
‘Among Those Killed’ 517
‘Ceremony after a Fire Raid’ 517
Thomas, Edward 35, 422, 429, 430
and England 146–7
and pastoral poetry 462, 463, 464–9, 470–1, 472
and rural England 466–7
and Shakespeare 138
‘A Dream’ 467–8
‘As the team's head brass’ 463, 464–5, 466
‘Aspens’ 467
‘Haymaking’ 468, 469
‘Home’ 469, 471
‘Lob’ 147, 185, 466–7
‘Rain’ 77
The South Country 466
‘The Manor Farm’ 469, 471
‘The Mill-Water’ 468
‘The sun used to shine’ 252, 469
This England 147, 469
‘This is no case of petty right or wrong’ 146–7, 469
‘Two Houses’ 471
‘War Poetry’ 469
Thomas, Gwyn 351
Thompson, Edward 648
Thucydides 10–11
Tibullus 479, 676
Tiller, Terence 434
Tillyard, Aelfrida 108
Times:
and Crimean War 14, 16–17
and Indian Mutiny 20–1
on Victorian soldiers 23
Tolley, A. T. 363
Tomlinson, Charles 582
Tommy Atkins 25
and Kipling 26–7, 55 see also soldiers
Tone, Wolfe 230
Townshend, Charles 237
transcendence, and First World War poetry 175
Tranter, John 522
trauma 483–4
Treece, Henry 407, 433, 434, 435
The White Horseman 318
Trevelyan, G. M. 370
Trevelyan, R. C. 558
Trotter, Jacqueline 429–30
(p. 752) truth, and war poetry 1, 224, 366
Tsetayeva, Marina 638
Tucker, Herbert 22
Tuma, Keith 657–8
Tupper, Martin
and Indian Mutiny 21
‘The Van and the Rear’ 16
Turnbull, Gael 641
Turner, Frederick Jackson 630
Turner, Jean 535
Tylee, Claire M. 104, 446
Tyler-Bennett, Deborah 112
Tynan, Katharine 426, 428
United States, and Greene's The Quiet American 613–14
VanWyk Smith, Malvern 9
and opponents of Boer War 29–30
Vechten, Carl Van 449, 450
Vendler, Helen 719
Victoria Cross 10
Vietnam War 568–9, 570–1, 572–5
Virgil:
Eclogues 462, 463, 474
Georgics 463, 466
Wainwright, Jeffrey 418
Waldman, Ken 662
war:
and anger, Homer 487–8
and force 493
Homer 489–91
Jones 494
Logue 495
ƠCasey 494–5
Owen 492–3
Randall 492–4
Rosenberg 495–6
Sassoon 494
and grief:
anger 500–2
corpses 498–9
forgetting 499–500
Homer 488, 497–8
literary pedigree 498
and peace-in-war:
Douglas 497
Ehrhart 496
Homer 488–9
Yeats 496–7
and Ruskin on 36
and Victorian attitudes 8–10
and Yeats on 2–3
war correspondents 25
and Crimean War 13–14
war memoirs, and shared experience 223–4
war memory:
and Douglas 580–1
and Fenton 585–91
and Hill 583–4
‘September Song’ 584–5
and humility 581–2
and ‘Movement’ poets 582–3
and poetry of non-participants 579–80
and silence 581
and war's atrocity 582
war poetry:
and anti-war teaching 116
and categories of 264–5
and the commonplace 158–9
and conventional views of 35–7, 209
and effect of 576
and Graves on 423
as historicizing term 362–3
and justifications for war 512
and meaning of 564
and tensions within term 1–3
and truth 1
as twentieth-century invention 422
and ‘unholy joy’ of 2
and women 445–7
War Propaganda Bureau 165
Warner, Rex:
‘Storm and War’ 259
‘The Tourist Looks at Spain’ 246
Warner, Sylvia Townsend 431, 440
‘Benicasim’ 259–60
‘Waiting at Cerbere’ 259
Watson, Sir William 172
Wavell, Field Marshal Lord Archibald 431–2
Weil, Simone 687–8
on Homer's Iliad 12, 489–90
Weissbort, Daniel 441, 639
Weldon, Fay 605
Welland, Dennis 131
Welles, Orson 619
Wellesley, Dorothy 115
Wellington, Duke of 23, 45, 46
Welsh language poetry 340–1 see also Llywelyn-Williams, Alun
Welsh Nationalist Party 343
West, Arthur Graeme 75
West, Rebecca 445
Westminster Gazette 196
Wevill, Assia 526
Wharton, Edith 228, 428
(p. 753) Whitehead, Winifred 116
Whitman, Walt 618
Whyte, Christopher 320, 326
Wiesel, Elie 593, 594, 598
Wilbur, Richard 439, 657
Williams, Charles 414
on poetry 404–5, 413
Williams, Ifor 350, 354
Williams, Oscar 366, 371, 424, 434–5
Williams, Waldo 341, 343, 348
Williams, William Carlos 617, 627
Wills, Clair 713
Wilson, Harold 628
Wilson, Jean Moorcroft 543
Winter, Jay 138
Wintringham, Tom 251–2
‘Barcelona Nerves’ 252
‘British Medical Unit-Granien’ 252
‘The Splint’ 251–2
women:
and First World War poetry 105–11
anthologies 104, 425–6, 428, 437–8
growth of interest in 103–5
literary exclusion of 102, 103
mourning 112–13
quality of 112
traditional forms of 111–12
and the Holocaust 605–6
and Second World War poetry 433, 440
and war poetry 445–7
Women's Movement 605–6
Woodley, F. S. 438
Woods, Gregory 308
Woolf, Virginia 83, 146, 385, 445, 558
Wordsworth, William 88, 130
and focusing words 403, 405
and MacNiece on 473
and Yeats on 473
‘Lines written a few miles above Tintern Abbey’ 280
The Prelude 405
Wright, David 402
Wright, Judith 443
Wyn, Hedd 349, 350
Yamaguchi, Ei 443
Yeats, William Butler 205–7, 365
and Easter Rising:
critical of British government 230
reaction to 228, 229–30
and elegy 239
and epic 672–3
and First World War 288, 473
disengagement from 205–6
indifference towards 227–8
and the heroic 505
and Irish commitments 205, 206
and London-based Irish activism of 228–9
as mythographer 231
and ƠCasey's The Silver Tassie 239–40
on Owen 544
and Oxford Book of Modern Verse 239, 287
and pastoral poetry 473–5
and politics and poetry 287
and protest poetry 505–6
on Rosenberg 544
on Synge 407
and tragedy and joy 239, 287, 505–6
and war poetry 115, 288
dismissal of 239, 287, 504
meaning 506
on warfare 2–3
on Wordsworth 473
‘A Prayer for my Daughter’ 473, 474–5, 482, 720, 721
‘A Reason for Keeping Silent’ 288
‘An Irish Airman Foresees His Death’ 206, 288, 372, 496–7, 509
‘Easter 1916’, 2, 230, 474
ambivalence 237–8, 241, 287
challenges in writing 231
climax of 237–8
colloquial nature of 232–3
concept of change 236–7
context of composition 230–1
delay in naming 233
dramatic nature of 231–2
Gonne's criticism of 238
nature imagery 235–7
numerology 232
poetic structure of 232
roll-call of ‘heroes’ 233–5
stone image 236–7
ulterior motives 241
The Green Helmet 672
At the Hawk's Well 228
‘In Memory of Major Robert Gregory’ 206
‘Lapis Lazuli’ 239, 285, 289–93, 364, 504–5
‘Man and Echo’ 287
‘Meditations in Time of Civil War’ 231
Michael Robartes and the Daucer 241
‘Nineteen Hundred and Nineteen’ 231, 240, 505–6
‘On Being Asked for a War Poem’ 227–8, 288
‘Reprisals’ 509
Reveries over Childhood and Youth 228
(p. 754) ‘The Death of Synge’ 236
‘The Second Coming’ 206–7, 231, 240, 473
‘The Stare's Nest by my Window’ 689
The Tower 241
A Vision 206, 665
Yevtushenko, Yevgeni 598, 638
Young, Douglas 328, 330, 332
Zangwill, Israel 429
Žižek, Slavoj 661