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date: 04 April 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article traces the history of the canonization of the Scripture in the context of Trinitarian doctrine. It presents a series of four vignettes illustrative of how early Christian interpretations of the fact and contents of the scriptural canon were determinative of its Trinitarian faith. These include the works of Justin Martyr, Irenaeus, Athanasius, and Augustine. It shows that the fluidity of the canon in the first centuries does not appear to have affected Trinitarian doctrine but the development of the notion of canonicity itself speaks to the understanding of revelation at work in the development of Trinitarian doctrine. It also suggests that the canon of Scripture provides certain norms that shaped the development of Trinitarian doctrine, such as the identity of the God of the Old Testament with the God of the New, the rule of faith as an interpretive key and the Christological reading of Scripture.

Keywords: Trinitarian doctrine, Scripture, canonization, scriptural canon, Justin Martyr, Irenaeus, Athanasius, Augustine, God, Old Testament

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