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date: 04 April 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Happiness in work and elsewhere derives from the person as well as the job, so that increased understanding requires a combination of person-centered and job-centered approaches. Twelve principal sets of job features are described, and their relations with happiness are treated as non-linear, analogous to vitamins in relation to physical health. In addition to personality dispositions and other stable influences on happiness, individuals’ mental processes are examined through six types of happiness-relevant judgments—comparisons with other people, with other situations, and with other times; and assessments of self-efficacy, of novelty, and of personal salience. Procedures for the joint investigation of these judgment processes with key job features are proposed.

Keywords: adaptation, appraisal judgments, job characteristics, mental processes, non-linear relationships, personality, person-job fit, salience, values, vitamin model

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