Abstract and Keywords
It has long been established that characteristics of jobs (often referred to collectively as “job design” or “work design”) influence employee well-being. For example, employees in challenging jobs with high levels of autonomy and a sense of meaning tend to feel happier than employees who perform simplified tasks under the directions of others. We review this body of work in the current paper, including the mechanisms that underpin the effects of work design on happiness. We extend existing perspectives to incorporate contemporary ideas that employees themselves actively redesign their work roles to better meet their needs and enhance their happiness. We also explore the reverse processes, and discuss how happiness can influence employee perceptions of work design, the initiation of employee changes to work roles, and even the types of jobs and careers that employees are in.
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