Abstract and Keywords
Models of happiness should be kept as simple as possible—but not simpler. Most scholars agree that good feelings are necessary for well-being, only pure hedonists argue that they are sufficient. The subjective well-being (SWB) approach includes an evaluation component in the analyses, and is open to the idea that positive and negative feelings should be treated separately. SWB researchers and liberal hedonists further differentiate between levels of happiness: momentary as opposed to remembered feelings, and domain as opposed to general evaluations. Dominant eudaimonic approaches agree that feelings and evaluations are necessary for a good life, but insist that the concept of virtues—in some form or another—must be included in a sufficient taxonomy. Disagreements as how to translate the idea of virtues into a psychological terminology exist, and this chapter discusses how the concept of functioning may fit the role of a eudaimonic element of well-being.
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