Abstract and Keywords
The term “happiness” denotes different meanings; sometimes it is used as an umbrella term for all of value, and at other times to denote special merits. This chapter is about the specific meanings of the terms. It proposes a classification based on two bi-partitions; between life “chances” and life “results,” and between “outer” and “inner” qualities. Together these dichotomies imply four qualities of life: (1) livability of the environment, (2) life-ability of the individual, (3) external utility of life, and (4) inner appreciation of life. This fourfold matrix is used to place the notions of happiness discussed in this volume.
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