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date: 24 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter first considers some of the more general concerns of scientists about the natural theology project and how they might interpret it, and then discusses the three categories into which arguments by scientists, and arguments made on behalf of science, tend to fall. The first and perhaps most dominant category are criticisms of religious beliefs and religious believing as such. The second category focuses on bad arguments made by natural theologians. The third category consists of what scientists view as the more constructive alternative to metaphysical (theological) beliefs and to religious ways of knowing. The chapter demonstrates how the naturalism found in scientific practice is rooted in the basic methods of data acquisition, data analysis, and the reconstruction in the natural sciences. It suggests that the strongest argument against the natural theologians is the argument from the comparative epistemic strength of scientific and metaphysical accounts of the origin of the universe.

Keywords: natural theologians, natural theology, natural sciences, scientists, universe

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