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date: 21 September 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article examines the history of ideas during the early modern period. René Descartes extended the term idea to include sensation, imagination, and memory and located ideas in the human intellect. Not all philosophers agreed with him, and among the most prominent resistors were Baruch Spinoza and Nicolas Malebranche. Spinoza viewed ideas as modes of God insofar as God possesses the attribute of thought. Malebranche too insisted on retaining the pre-Cartesian opinion that ideas exist in God and not in human minds.

Keywords: ideas, early modern period, René Descartes, human intellect, Baruch Spinoza, Nicolas Malebranche, God, human minds

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