- Notes on Contributors
- Essences and Kinds
- From Causes to Laws
- Space and Time
- The Mechanical Philosophy
- Machines, Souls, and Vital Principles
- The Soul
- Qualities and Sensory Perception
- The Passions
- Language and Semiotics
- Form, Reason, and Method
- Instruments of Knowledge
- Picturability and Mathematical Ideals of Knowledge
- Virtue and Vice
- Egoism and Morality
- Realism and Relativism in Ethics
- The Free Will Problem
- The Equality of Men and Women
- Natural Law as Political Philosophy
- Sovereignty and Obedience
- Conceptions of God
- The Epistemology of Religious Belief
- Religious Toleration
Abstract and Keywords
This article examines the treatment of the concepts of sovereignty and obedience in early modern Europe. It explores the conflicting conceptions of the people's right of resistance to the king as they developed in the political upheavals following the Reformation. It describes Thomas Hobbes and Baruch Spinoza's more differentiated and coherent concept of sovereignty and their discussion of civil rights. It also discusses the understanding of sovereignty and obedience that was developed by Samuel Pufendorf, John Locke, and Christian Wolff based on the radical ideas of Hobbes and Spinoza.
URSULA GOLDENBAUM has served as Associate Professor in the Department of Philosophy at Emory University since 2004. Previously, she held positions at a variety of research institutions in the German Democratic Republic, and in the unified Germany after 1990. She spent the academic year 2007-8 at Princeton University, as a fellow of the Institute for Advanced Study. Professor Goldenbaum has published a monograph on the philosophy of Baruch Spinoza (1995), two volumes on the public debates of the German Enlightenment (2004), and co-edited (with Douglas Jesseph) Infinitesimal Differences: Controversies between Leibniz and his Contemporaries (2008). She has edited collections of Leibniz and Rousseau, and the Wertheim Bible portion of Christian Wolff’s Gesammelte Werke (Collected Works) (2011). She has published more than 80 essays on the history of early modern philosophy, including, analyses of Hobbes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Mendelssohn, Lessing, and Kant. Since 2000, she has edited a series on the Berlin Enlightenment with Alexander Kosenina. Prof. Goldenbaum currently serves on the board of the Journal of the History of Ideas , and as President of the North American Leibniz Society .
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