- Notes on Contributors
- Essences and Kinds
- From Causes to Laws
- Space and Time
- The Mechanical Philosophy
- Machines, Souls, and Vital Principles
- The Soul
- Qualities and Sensory Perception
- The Passions
- Language and Semiotics
- Form, Reason, and Method
- Instruments of Knowledge
- Picturability and Mathematical Ideals of Knowledge
- Virtue and Vice
- Egoism and Morality
- Realism and Relativism in Ethics
- The Free Will Problem
- The Equality of Men and Women
- Natural Law as Political Philosophy
- Sovereignty and Obedience
- Conceptions of God
- The Epistemology of Religious Belief
- Religious Toleration
Abstract and Keywords
This article examines the development of instruments of knowledge in natural philosophy in early modern Europe. It argues that organum and habitus are the fitting concepts available to us in discussing the role played by instruments and machines in relation to the theory and practice of early modern natural philosophy. It investigates the notion of instrumentality examining the notion of instrument and practice during this period.
Jean‐François Gauvin is a Mellon Postdoctoral Fellow at McGill University, Montréal, and former Curator at the Collection of Historical Scientific Instruments, Harvard University. His research focuses on instrumentation from the seventeenth to the twentieth centuries. Since 2000, he has co‐written and co‐edited two prize‐winning volumes as well as several articles and book reviews dealing with instruments and instrument making.
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