- Notes on Contributors
- Essences and Kinds
- From Causes to Laws
- Space and Time
- The Mechanical Philosophy
- Machines, Souls, and Vital Principles
- The Soul
- Qualities and Sensory Perception
- The Passions
- Language and Semiotics
- Form, Reason, and Method
- Instruments of Knowledge
- Picturability and Mathematical Ideals of Knowledge
- Virtue and Vice
- Egoism and Morality
- Realism and Relativism in Ethics
- The Free Will Problem
- The Equality of Men and Women
- Natural Law as Political Philosophy
- Sovereignty and Obedience
- Conceptions of God
- The Epistemology of Religious Belief
- Religious Toleration
Abstract and Keywords
This article explores the radical changes in the relationship between philosophy and the study of language in early modern Europe. It describes the context in which questions concerning language were approached in early modern Europe and outlines some aspects of the disciplines traditionally concerned with language, which include logic, grammar, and rhetoric. It discusses the views of language held by some of the most influential philosophers of the period including Francis Bacon, René Descartes, and Thomas Hobbes.
Jaap Maat is a lecturer at the Department of Philosophy, University of Amsterdam, a member of the Institute for Logic, Language and Computation (ILLC), and a researcher at the Centre for Linguistics, University of Oxford, where he is preparing a critical edition of John Wallis's Treatise of Logick (1685). His publications include George Dalgarno on Universal Language (Oxford, 2001; jointly with David Cram), and Philosophical Languages in the Seventeenth Century: Dalgarno, Wilkins, Leibniz (Kluwer, 2004).
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