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date: 07 July 2022

(p. xviii) Abbreviations

(p. xviii) Abbreviations

AAIT Anglo American Investment Trust

ADA Anil Dhirubhai Ambani

ADR American depository receipt

AFTA ASEAN Free Trade Area

ANC African National Congress

ASEAN Association of South East Asian Nations

BAT British American Tobacco

BEE Black Economic Empowerment

BEEC Black Economic Empowerment Commission

BGT Business Groups in Taiwan

BIBF Bangkok International Banking Facilities

BIS Bank of International Settlements

BMB Bangkok Metropolitan Bank

BMV Mexican Securities Exchange

BNDE Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico

BNDES Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social (National Bank for Economic and Social Development)

BOI Board of Investment

BOT Bank of Thailand

CCIS China Credit Information Service

CDRAC Corporate Debt Restructuring Advisory Committee

CEO chief executive officer

CMHN Consejo Mexicano de Hombres de Negocios (Mexican Council of Businessmen)

CMPC Compania Manufacturera de Papeles y Cartones

COPEC Compañía de Petróleos de Chile SA

CPO Certificados de Praticipación Ordinarias

CRC Central Retail Corporation

CSMAR China Stock Market and Accounting Research Database

CSN Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional

CUL Cambridge University Library

CVM Comissão de Valores Imobiliários

DBCM De Beers Consolidated Mines

EAEA East Asian Economic Association

EGAT Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand

EU European Union

FASB Financial Accounting Standards Board

FDI foreign direct investment

(p. xix) FIG financial–industrial groups

FVB Federale Volksbeleggings

GDP gross domestic product

GHQ General Headquarters

GHL Guildhall Library

GTC general trading company

HCI heavy and chemical industries

HCLC Holding Company Liquidation Commission

HHI Herfindahl–Hirschman index

IASC International Accounting Standards Committee

IC integrated circuit

IDC Industrial Development Corporation

IMF International Monetary Fund

IPO initial public offering

ISA Israel Securities Authority

ISI import substitution industrialization

ISIC International Standard of Industrial Classification

ITRI Industrial Technology Research Institute

JEL Journal of Economic Literature

JMA Jardine Matheson Archives

JSE Johannesburg Stock Exchange

KMT Kuomintang

LG Lucky‐Goldstar

LSE London Stock Exchange

M&A mergers and acquisitions

MAS Monetary Authority of Singapore

MBR market to book value ratio

MERCOSUR Mercado Común del Sur

MNE multinational enterprise

MRTP Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices (Act)

NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement

NDVR Non‐Voting Depository Receipts

NEDB National Economic Development Board (later NESDB)

NEIO New Empirical Industrial Organization

NLI Nippon Life Insurance

NSBC National Statistics Bureau of China

OBM own brand manufacture

ODFI outward direct foreign investment

ODM own design and manufacture

OEC Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

OEM original equipment manufacture/manufacturer/manufacturing

PACs Persons Acting in Concert

PEIF private equity investment fund

POSB Post Office of Singapore Bank

PPVA post‐production value added

PTT Petroleum Authority of Thailand

R&D research and development

(p. xx) RDP Reconstruction and Development Program

ROA return on assets

SAIC State Administration for Industry and Commerce

SASAC State‐Owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council

SBDC Small Business Development Corporation

SCAP Supreme Command of the Allied Powers

SFE stochastic frontier estimation

SIC Standard Industrial Classification

SME small and medium enterprise

SOAS School of Oriental and African Studies

SOE state‐owned enterprise

SSRN Social Science Research Network

SVS Chilean Superintendence of Securities

TASE Tel Aviv Stock Exchange

TEV township and village enterprise

TNC transnational corporation

TSD Thailand Securities Depository (TSD)

TSMC Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Corporation

UAC United Africa Company

UERT Unión Explosivos Río Tinto

UMC United Microelectronics Corporation

VGG Valor Grandes Grupos

WSOE wholly state‐owned enterprise

WTO World Trade Organization