- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- Notes on Contributors
- Foundations of Business Groups: Towards an Integrated Framework
- Business Groups in Historical Perspectives
- Business Groups in Prewar Japan: Historical Formation and Legacy
- Business Networks in Postwar Japan: Whither the <i>Keiretsu</i>?
- Business Groups in South Korea
- Business Groups in Taiwan
- Business Groups in China
- Business Groups in Thailand
- Business Groups in Singapore
- Business Groups in India
- Business Groups in Argentina
- Business Groups in Brazil
- Business Groups in Chile
- Business Groups in Mexico
- Business Groups in Israel
- Business Groups in Turkey
- Business Groups in Russia
- Business Groups in South Africa
- Business Groups in Emerging Markets: Paragons or Parasites?
- The Riddle of the Great Pyramids
- Economic Institutions and the Boundaries of Business Groups
- Business Groups and the State: The Politics of Expansion, Restructuring, and Collapse
- Corporate Governance of Business Groups
- The Kin and the Professional: Top Leadership in Family Business Groups
- Diversification Strategy and Business Groups
- Capability Building in Business Groups
- Technological Innovation and Business Groups
Abstract and Keywords
As in many other countries, business groups in Brazil are typically owned by families and owe much of their evolution and weight in the national economy to government policies. Nonetheless, their structures and strategies seem to present some idiosyncrasies. Focusing on the context wherein business groups in Brazil emerged and have evolved, this article endeavors to shed some light on why their structures and strategies exhibit some peculiarities. As a rule, the current main Brazilian business groups typically originated before 1960; were either founded or strongly supported, through various types of subsidies, by the state; have one ultimate controlling shareholder owning a great number of firms through pyramidal schemes; started to target more systematically export markets only in the 1970s and 1980s; and only after 1990 have pursued a strategy of direct investment abroad.
Dante M. Aldrighi is Associate Professor of Economics at the University of São Paulo and Researcher at the National Counsel of Technological and Scientific Development, Brazil. His research interests include corporate governance and corporate finance. He has published in journals such as Revista Brasileira de Economia, Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, and Estudos Econômicos. He was also one of the contributors to the Global corruption Report 2009.
Fernando A. S. Postali is Professor of Economics at the Department of Economics, University of São Paulo, Brazil. His current research interests include corporate governance and investment and regulation policy, with special attention to the oil and gas sector. His research has been published in such journals as Energy Economics and Pesquisa e Planejamento Econômico.