- The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Language
- List of Contributors
- Frege's Contribution to Philosophy of Language
- Wittgenstein on Language: From Simples to Samples
- Philosophy of Language in the Twentieth Century
- Language as Internal
- Languages and Idiolects: Their Language and Ours
- Rule‐Following, Meaning, and Normativity
- Naturalist Theories of Meaning
- Truth and Meaning
- Meaning Holism
- Indeterminacy of Translation
- Intention‐Based Semantics
- Propositional Content
- Conceptual Role Semantics
- Semantic Internalism and Externalism
- Relevance Theory—New Directions and Developments
- The Distinction between Semantics and Pragmatics
- The Essence of Reference
- Predicate Reference
- Names and Natural Kind Terms
- What Does it Take to Refer?
- Formal Semantics
- Two‐Dimensional Semantics
- The Pragmatics of the Logical Constants
- Logical Form and LF
- Semantics for Nondeclaratives
- Speech Acts and Performatives
- Meaning and Reference: Some Chomskian Themes
- What I Know When I Know a Language
- Realism and Antirealism
- Shared Content
- The Perils and Pleasures of Interpretation
Abstract and Keywords
A general and fundamental tension surrounds our concept of what is said. On the one hand, what is said (asserted, claimed, stated, etc.) by utterances of a significant range of sentences is highly context sensitive. More specifically, (Observation 1), what these sentences can be used to say depends on their contexts of utterance. On the other hand, speakers face no difficulty whatsoever in using many of these sentences to say (or make) the exact same claim, assertion, etc., across a wide array of contexts. More specifically, (Observation 2), many of the sentences in support of (Observation 1) can be used to express the same thought, the same proposition, across a wide range of different contexts.
Herman Cappelen is Professor of Philosophy at the University of St Andrews, where he works at The Arché Philosophical Research Centre.
Ernest Lepore, Rutgers University
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