Abstract and Keywords
Questions about how environmental decisions are made and who makes them – that is, questions of environmental governance – lie at the heart of environmental law and policy. This article focuses on one important aspect of governance, namely, the allocation of authority over environmental issues among different levels of governance. The fundamental question is which political community should govern which environmental issues, and, more specifically, when should responsibility over particular environmental issues be vested at the local, national, regional, or global level? This article briefly reviews the trends that are moving towards more centralised environmental governance and describes some of the factors explaining this trend. It examines presumption against centralisation and considers approaches that favour centralization, including externalities; approaches related to game theory; regulatory competition; public choice; and polycentric governance. The article also discusses analytic inquiries that can advance current debates over environmental governance.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.