Abstract and Keywords
Western temperate and central Europe has been a focus of hunter-gatherer and farmer interaction studies for many decades. Scenarios vary from region to region with intensive interaction and mutual exchange in the more westerly parts. These apparently resulted in a rapid assimilation of at least some hunter-gatherer groups during the sixth millennium. Towards the north, interactions and exchange existed throughout the fifth millennium, but an assimilation between farmers and hunter-gatherers only sets in at a greater scale during the fourth millennium. This article gives an overview of the sixth and fifth millennium contact-period archaeology, incorporating archaeogenetic studies.
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