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date: 30 November 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The comparison of the oldest sites in northern and central Asia points to the variability of the Lower Palaeolithic culture. The first ‘out of Africa’ migration of the oldest hominids resulted in occurrences of the Oldowan-type pebble industries in Eurasia. The next Palaeolithic stage of the region is represented by the Middle Palaeolithic sites, concentrated in northern Asia. In the late glacial and post-glacial periods, northern Eurasia became an area of the dynamic development of unique archaeological cultures. Undoubtedly, habitation density and hunter-gatherer group sizes varied, depending on the natural conditions and the biomass content. In the final Palaeolithic, a series of flexible hunting, gathering, and fishing strategies was formed and developed. These strategies were directed at the exploitation of both specific and complex types of bio-resource.

Keywords: North Asia, Siberia, Altai, Transbaikal region, Yakutia, Russian Far East, Palaeolithic, blade technology, migrations, strategies, dwelling constructions, burials

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