Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 20 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The Ainu are an indigenous people who historically lived in Hokkaido, Sakhalin, and the Kuril Islands, combining hunter-gathering with trade and plant cultivation. In the late nineteenth century, Ainu lands were colonized by Japan and Russia and most traditional subsistence practices were brought to an end by the colonial authorities. This occurred before anthropologists had the opportunity to study Ainu hunter-gathering at first hand and research on Ainu subsistence has relied heavily on archaeological and historical records, in addition to interviews of elders who still remembered foraging practices. When the Soviet Union invaded Sakhalin in 1945, most Ainu fled to Hokkaido and almost all Ainu now live in Japan. Despite real legacies of colonialism and continuing discrimination in many areas, Ainu culture and identity are regaining a new vibrancy in Hokkaido and in the urban diaspora in Tokyo.

Keywords: Ainu, Japan, Hokkaido, Sakhalin, Kuril Islands, Russia, trade

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.