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date: 25 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article traces the development of the anthropology of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people from the early nineteenth century to the present. Approaches to ethnography and analysis have included early amateur observers, evolutionist anthropology, structural functionalism, structuralism and Freudian approaches, ecological anthropology, neo-Marxism, gender studies and feminist anthropology, cultural and linguistic anthropology, and the eclectic approaches of the present. Particular themes include the anthropology of Aboriginal religion, community studies, the anthropology of urban areas, and studies of Aboriginal music and art. The article traces relations between research and government policy, and concludes with current trends in research and writing.

Keywords: Australian Aborigines, indigenous Australians, social anthropology, cultural anthropology, anthropology and policy

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