Abstract and Keywords
Late Palaeolithic/Mesolithic adaptations in Danubian Europe were due to climatic and environmental change at the Pleistocene/Holocene boundary. In the south-east the sites of Lepenski Vir with its spectacular architecture, art, and cemeteries show trends towards complexity for the hunter-gatherers-fishers, possibly related to the intensive exploitation of aquatic and terrestrial resources. In the north-west small Mesolithic sites expanded into a wide range of landscape types and altitudes, reaching from river flood plains to highlands and high mountains. This settlement pattern suggests flexibility, adaptability of the population and variability in resource exploitation strategies. Although salmon fishing was recently documented in one of the northern rock shelters, this activity probably never reached the importance documented in the ethnological record. Paradoxically, large areas lying right at the centre of the European continent turned to peripheries during the Mesolithic period.
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