Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 22 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Research carried out on southern African hunter-gatherer populations over the past century and a half is reviewed. Emphasis is placed on (1) the diversity among hunter-gatherer populations, (2) the variation in interactions with other groups, (3) changes that occurred over time, (4) oscillations in adaptations among San and Khoekhoe peoples, and (5) the Kalahari debate. Several research traditions are reviewed: (1) South African, (2) American (Marshall family, Harvard Kalahari Research Group), (3) other research traditions, including Japanese and development-oriented work. The kinds of approaches to research, ranging from archival work to field-based ethnographic investigation, are discussed, as are theoretical approaches (ecological, political-economic, revisionist). The article concludes with a discussion of the relevance of anthropological and development-oriented work to contemporary struggles of indigenous peoples, including ones aimed at ensuring a return to traditional lands and facilitating their rights to continue to hunt and gather if they so choose.

Keywords: San, hunting-gathering, foragers, mobility, land use, Kalahari debate, exchange, egalitarianism, affluence, settlement

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.